Drug Charts & Terminology

This document contains all of the relevant drug information and terminology for treating Parvo as done at Austin Pets Alive! under veterinary supervision. All dosages and treatment guidelines are not meant to be used without veterinary support.  We recommend that all people interested in treating parvo patients work with a licensed veterinarian to be sure that this works for your program.

Drug Essentials


Additional Drugs


Fluids

Type of Fluids Route  Special Notes 
Lactated Ringers (LRS) IV or SQ May have other medications or a dogs name added for IV use - always read bag.
Lactate is a buffer which is converted to bicarbonate when the patient has a metabolic acidosis (pH is below normal). Lactate is also a good source of fuel for neonates with hypoglycemia.

Expires after 7 days.
Normasol IV or SQ  Stings more than LRS when given SQ, but less so than NaCl. May have other medications or a dogs name added for IV use - always read bag.
Contains the buffer Acetate and Gluconate which helps treat metabolic acidosis.

Expires after 7 days.
Sodium Chloride IV only Sodium Chloride can be given SQ, but it will sting. It is an acidifying fluid with a higher Na concentration than the others. If you can find LRS or Normasol, use those instead.

Expires after 7 days.
Heparin Flush Bag IV Only Heparin flush bags can be used to help clear catheter sites by pulling 1-3cc into a 3cc syringe and flushing with 1cc of fluid from the bag at the catheter site closest to the leg.

It should contain 3cc Heparin in a full, 1L bag.

Warning: Heparin overdose can cause bleeding, lack of clotting, and death.
Warning: This bag should be drawn from with a syringe and used in 1cc increments to ensure an IV catheter is properly flowing - it should not be administered continuously.

Expires after 7 days.

Topical Medications

 Mediciation Type of Drug   Dose Storage  Special Notes 
Frontline Flea and Tick Preventative  0.05mL/lb Room Temp Administered topically (on skin below the fur) on the neck 

Nebulizing Solution

Type of Drug Storage Preparation
antiinflammatory 
bronchodilator &
antibiotic

Refrigerated Mix the following:
  1. 250cc 0.9% NaCl Fluids
  2. 5cc Albuterol (0.083%)
  3. 5cc Gentamycin (100mg/mL)
  4. 5cc Dexamethasone (5mg/mL)

Use a sterile needle when drawing up to maintain bag sterility.
Fill 5mL of solution into nebulizing machine.
Given BID/TID over 15-30min
Continue until not congested.

Expires in 1 month.

Abbreviations

  • SQ - Subcutaneously, or under the skin
  • IV - Intravenously, or in the vein
  • PO - Per os, latin for "by way of the mouth"
  • SID - Semel in die, latin for "once a day"
  • BID - Bis in die, latin for "twice a day"
  • TID - Ter in die, latin for "three times a day"
  • QID - Quater in die, latin for "four times a day"
  • PRN - Pro re nata, latin for "as matters stand" meaning "if necessary"
  • CRI - Constant rate infusion
  • D/C - Discontinue
  • Tx - Treatment
  • Rx - Prescribe/Prescription
  • Neb - Nebulize
  • URI - Upper Respiratory Infection
  • V/D - Vomiting or Diarrhea 

Terminology

  • Abscess - A large accumulation of puss
  • Antibiotic - A medicine that inhibits the growth of or destroys microorganisms.
  • Antiemetic - A drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting.
  • Anticoagulant - Having the effect of retarding or inhibiting the coagulation(clotting) of the blood.
  • Antimicrobial - Capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms.
  • Analgesic - Acting to relieve pain.
  • Antiprotozoan - A medicinal drug used to fight diseases (like malaria) that are caused by protozoa.
  • Anthelminthic - Used to destroy parasitic worms.
  • Antihistamine - A drug that inhibits the physiological effects of histamine, used esp. in the treatment of allergies.
  • Anxiolytic - a drug that reduces anxiety
  • Coupage - Percussion of the thorax to aid in the removal of mucus.
  • Nebulize - Treat local infection (lungs) with vaporized medication
  • Necrosis - Death of a tissue, often due to damage, toxin, or loss of bloody supply
  • Prokinetic - Decreases stomach transit time, causing the stomach to empty faster and thus reduces stimulus to vomit
  • Plasma Volume Expander - Increases bloo volume, thus increasing blood circulation
  • Septic - Bacteria has penetrated the blood stream
  • Febrile - High fever. Normal dog temperature is 99.5-102.5F. The immune system will naturally produce a low-grade fever to help combat infections. The fever will be detrimental when it reaches 105F.
  • Diluent - Liquid used to dilute or reconstitute medications. Often NaCl, LRS, or Sterile Water.
*A downloadable PDF of the Medical charts is available at the bottom of this page* New volunteers, please print a copy to study!
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Nipuni Ratnayaka,
Feb 5, 2017, 7:08 PM