Anders Rasmussen, Associate Professor, Lund University

Contact Information

Title: Associate Professor / Senior Associate Lecturer, Lund University

Nationality: Swedish & Danish

Languages: Swedish, English and Danish

Phone: +46 709 746609



Researcher ID:-6157-2014; ORCID: 0000-0003-4477-369X

Skype:; Zoom:


Research background

My research aims to link the learning of new skills to events within the brain by merging learning theory, behavioral neuroscience, and advanced in-vivo neurophysiology. More recently, I have started to investigate skill acquisition in humans, including links between cerebellum dependent skill acquisition and neuro-developmental disorders such as ADHD and ASD.

I started my research career while a psychology undergraduate – assisting Jean Christophe Rohner on research on memory biases associated with the attractiveness stereotype [1,2]. While an exchange student at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB), I helped Barry Giesbrecht with his research on the attentional blink and Osnat Ben-Shahar with her research on cocaine addiction in rats. Back in Lund, I obtained a B.Sc in Psychology with a project in which I examined electrophysiological correlates of the attractiveness stereotype [3], supervised by Mikael Johansson. As a Ph.D. student in neurophysiology in Professor Germund Hesslow's lab, I studied feedback mechanisms that regulate learning during eyeblink conditioning [4,5,6,7]. By recording neurophysiological changes during learning we have come some way towards understanding the changes that occur in the brain at the single cell level as well as how cerebellar neurophysiology can help us make sense of central learning theories such as the Rescorla-Wagner model [8].

My postdoc, supervised by Professor Chris De, Zeeuw, was financed by the Swedish Research Council and EMBO. It was inspired by research in Lund showing that blocking the mGluR7 receptor abolished previously learned responses in the Purkinje cell [9,10] that appear to play an important role for behavior. Using global and Purkinje cell specific, drug induced knockouts, as well as pharmacological, histological and neurophysiological methods we looked at the role that the mGluR7 receptor plays in several forms of motor learning. In a parallel project, we showed that caffeine, despite acting on receptors in the cerebellum, has no effect on eyeblink conditioning [11].

Since returning to Lund, I have launched a research project aimed at studying timing dependent skill acquisition in different human populations [12,13] – ranging from skilled pilots to clinical populations. We aim to understand how much timing skills vary in the human population and to determine if performance on timing dependent motor tasks can be used in clinical settings. With this addition, my research now traverses a broad spectrum of disciplines ranging from psychology and behavioral neuroscience to fundamental neurophysiology.

Research Experience

15/11/2019 – Present: Senior Associate Lecturer. Lund University, Sweden

01/09/2018 – 14/11/2019: Scientific Researcher. Erasmus MC, Netherlands

01/01/2018 – 31/08/2018: Assistant researcher. Lund University, Sweden

01/09/2015 – 31/12/2017: Post-doctoral fellow. Erasmus MC, Netherlands

15/06/2014 – 31/08/2015: Assistant researcher. Lund University, Sweden

01/02/2008 – 14/06/2014: PhD candidate in Neurophysiology. Lund University, Sweden

15/09/2017 – 15/12/2007: Project assistant in Psychology. Lund University, Sweden

01/10/2005 – 15/06/2006: Undergraduate assistant. UCSB, USA

01/09/2004 – 05/05/2005: Undergraduate assistant. Lund University. Sweden


I have published 22 papers in international peer-reviewed scientific journals. I have also published one book, one book chapter, and two peer-reviewed reports. Three of my publications were published in PNAS, two in J.Neuroscience, and one in Cell reports. I am the first author on 10 publications; the corresponding author on 9 publications; and last author on 2 publications.

Citations: Obtained from Google Scholar on 25th of February 2020

Peer reviewed articles (: equal contribution; C : Corresponding author)

  • Rasmussen AC. (2019) Graded error signals in eyeblink conditioning. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory [Impact Factor: 3.2; Citations: 0].

  • Kjell K, Löwgren K, Rasmussen AC (2018) A Longer Interstimulus Interval Yields Better Learning in Adults and Young Adolescents. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience [Impact Factor: 3.1; Citations: 0]. 12: 299.

  • Rasmussen AC, Ijpelaar ACHG, De Zeeuw CI, Boele HJ (2018) Caffeine has no effect on eyeblink conditioning in mice. Behavioural Brain Research [Impact Factor: 3.0; Citations: 0]. 30; 337:252-255. Pdf

  • Johansson F, Jirenhed D, Rasmussen A, Zucca R, Hesslow G. (2018) Absence of parallel fibre to Purkinje cell LTD during eyeblink conditioning. Scientific Reports [Impact Factor: 4.2; Citations: 0]. Pdf

  • Rasmussen AC, Jirenhed D (2017) Learning and timing of voluntary blink responses match eyeblink conditioning. Scientific Reports [Impact Factor: 4.2; Citations: 1]. 7:3404. Pdf

  • Jirenhed D, Rasmussen A, Johansson F, Hesslow G (2017) Learned response sequences in cerebellar Purkinje cells. Proceedings in the National Academy of Sciences [Impact Factor: 9.7; Citations: 10]. 114(23):6127-6132. Pdf

  • Löwgren K, Bååth R, Rasmussen A, Boele HJ, Koekkoek SKE, De Zeeuw CI, Hesslow G (2017) Performance in eyeblink conditioning is age and sex dependent. PLOS ONE [Impact Factor: 2.7; Citations: 4]. 12(5):e0177849. Pdf

  • Zucca R, Rasmussen A, Bengtsson F (2016) Climbing fiber regulation of spontaneous Purkinje cell activity and cerebellum-dependent blink responses. eNeuro [Impact Factor: NA (New Journal); Citations: 5]. 0067-15. Pdf

  • Rasmussen AC, Zucca R, Johansson F, Jirenhed D, Hesslow G (2015) Purkinje cell activity during classical conditioning with different conditional stimuli explains central tenet of Rescorla-Wagner model. Proceedings in the National Academy of Sciences National Academy Sciences [Impact Factor: 9.7; Citations: 6]. 112(45) 14060-5. Pdf

  • Johansson F, Carlsson HAE, Rasmussen A, Yeo CH, Hesslow G (2015) Activation of a Temporal Memory in Purkinje Cells by the mGluR7 Receptor. Cell Reports [Impact Factor: 8.3; Citations: 30]. 13(9):1741–6. Pdf

  • Rasmussen AC, Hesslow G (2014). Feedback control of learning by the cerebello-olivary pathway. Progress in Brain Research [Impact Factor: 2.68; Citations: 13], 210:103–119. Pdf

  • Johansson F, Jirenhed D, Rasmussen A, Zucca R, Hesslow G. (2014) Memory trace and timing mechanism localized to cerebellar Purkinje cells. Proceedings in the National Academy of Sciences [Impact Factor: 9.7; Citations: 66]. 111(41), 14930–14934. Pdf

  • Rasmussen AC, Jirenhed D, Wetmore DZ, Hesslow G (2014). Changes in complex spike activity during classical conditioning. Frontiers in Neural Circuits [Impact Factor: 3.0; Citations: 15]. 8(90). Pdf

  • Wetmore DZ, Jirenhed D, Rasmussen A, Johansson F, Schnitzer MJ, Hesslow G (2014). Bidirectional plasticity of Purkinje cells matches temporal features of learning. Journal of Neuroscience [Impact Factor: 6.0; Citations: 27]. 34(5):1731–1737. Pdf

  • Rasmussen AC, Zucca R, Jirenhed D, Johansson F, Örtenblad C, Svensson P, Hesslow G (2013). Golgi Cell Activity During Eyeblink Conditioning in Decerebrate Ferrets. Cerebellum [Impact Factor 3.2; Citations: 1]. 13(1): 42-45. Pdf

  • Hesslow, G., Jirenhed, D., Rasmussen, A., & Johansson, F. (2013). Classical conditioning of motor responses: what is the learning mechanism? Neural Networks. [Impact Factor: 2.0; Citations: 32]. Pdf

  • Rasmussen AC, Jirenhed D, Zucca R, Johansson F, Svensson P, Hesslow G (2013). Number of spikes in climbing fibers determines the direction of cerebellar learning. Journal of Neuroscience [Impact Factor: 6.0; Citations: 42]. 33(33), 13436–13440. Pdf

  • Rohner JC, Rasmussen A (2012). Recognition bias and the physical attractiveness stereotype. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology [Impact Factor: 1.3; Citations: 13]. 53(3), 239–246. Pdf

  • Rohner JC, Rasmussen A. (2011). Physical attractiveness stereotype and memory. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology [Impact Factor: 1.3; 7]. 52(4):309-319. Pdf

  • Rasmussen A, Jirenhed D, Hesslow G (2008). Simple and complex spike firing patterns in Purkinje cells during classical conditioning. Cerebellum [Impact Factor: 3.2; Citations: 46]. 7(4), 563–566. Pdf

Books and book chapters

    • Bengtsson F, Rasmussen A, Hesslow G. (2019). Feedback Control in the Olivo-Cerebellar Loop. In: Manto M, Schmahmann JD, Rossi F, Gruol DL, Koibuchi N, editors. Handbook of the Cerebellum and Cerebellar Disorders. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands;

    • Rasmussen, A. (2014). Feedback control of cerebellar learning. Media Tryck. Doctoral thesis.


    • Gallistel CR, Johansson F, Jirenhed DA, Rasmussen A, Ricci M, & Hesslow G (2020). Quantitative Properties of the Creation and Activation of a Cell-Intrinsic Engram. In bioRxiv (p. 2020.03.17.995258).


  • Hellerstedt, R., Rasmussen, A., & Johansson, M. (2012). Swedish Category Norms. (M. Lindgren, Ed.). Lund Psychological Reports, 12. [Impact Factor: NA; Citations: 13]

  • Rohner, J.-C., & Rasmussen, A. (2007). Physical attractiveness stereotype and memory. (S.-B. Hansson & M. Lindgren, Eds.) Lund Psychological Reports, 8.


  • Rasmussen A (2014). Feedback control of cerebellar learning. Media Tryck. Doctoral thesis. Lund University.

  • Rasmussen A (2006). Electrophysiology of stereotypes: N400 as a measure of the beautiful is good stereotype. Bachelor thesis. Supervisor: Mikael Johansson. Lund University. Citations: 3

Selected manuscripts in preparation

  • Rasmussen A, Boele HJ, Schonewill M, De Zeeuw CI. The role of mGluR7 on motor learning. In preparation

  • Rasmussen A. Inter-species Comparison of Eyeblink Conditioning. In preparation

Funding - Main applicant; Sum: 11.540.000 SEK (10 SEK ~ 1€ ~ 1$)

02/11/2020: Swedish Research Council (VR), Starting Grant, 6.000.000 SEK

26/05/2020: Crafoord stiftelsen, Research grant, 500.000 SEK

10/12/2019: Fredrik och Ingrid Thurings stiftelse, 50.000 SEK

10/12/2019: Åke Wiberg Stiftelse, 200.000 SEK

23/10/2019: Stiftelsen Anna-Lisa Rosenberg’s fond, 62.000 SEK

12/06/2019: Lindhes Advokatbyrå, 10.000 SEK

09/05/2019: Segerfalk Stiftelsen, 140.000 SEK

26/04/2019: Stiftelsen Längmanska kulturfonden, 23.000 SEK

10/12/2018: Fredrik och Ingrid Thurings stiftelse, 75.000 SEK

03/12/2018: Åke Wiberg Stiftelse, 200.000 SEK

13/11/2018: Maggie Stephens Stiftelse, 10.000 SEK

02/11/2018: Stiftelsen Anna-Lisa Rosenberg’s fond, 66.000 SEK

27/10/2018: Cognition, Communication and Learning, 27.000 SEK

24/05/2018: Crafoord stiftelsen, Research grant, 800.000 SEK

14/12/2017: Stiftelsen Anna-Lisa Rosenberg’s fond, 62.000 SEK

24/06/2015: Swedish Research Council (VR), Post-doc grant, 2.100.000 SEK

06/05/2015: EMBO. Long-term fellowship, 1.200.000 SEK

15/09/2011: Fysiografens resebidrag, 15.000 SEK

Funding - Co-applicant; Sum: 4.230.000 SEK

24/05/2018: Crafoord stiftelsen, To Lund Bioimaging center, 450.000 SEK

25/10/2018: Swedish Research Council (VR), To Germund Hesslow 3.600.000 SEK

01/05/2018: Cognition, Communication and Learning, 180.000 SEK


  • 10/01/2019: Reviewer certificate of recognition, Experimental Brain Research, Springer

  • 01/07/2017: Outstanding contribution in reviewing, Neuroscience letters, Elsevier

  • 10/05/2015: Masao Ito prize, Society for Research on the Cerebellum (SRC)

  • 01/06/2006: 3x Dean’s Honors, UCSB

External examiner

  • 09/05/2018: Halftime opponent for Anders Wahlbom, PhD candidate, Lund University

  • 05/12/2017: External examiner on PhD thesis defense for Michiel Ten Brinke, Erasmus MC

  • 24/11/2016: Halftime opponent for Jonas Enander, PhD candidate, Lund University

  • 02/03/2016: External examiner on PhD thesis defense for Jochen Spanke, Erasmus MC

Invited talks

  • 03/05/2018: Minimizing the role of volition in eyeblink conditioning, Lund University

  • 09/11/2017: The role of volition in eyeblink conditioning. University hospital Essen, Germany

  • 24/10/2016: The effect of mGluR7 antagonist injections on conditioned eyeblink responses, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands.

  • 05/10/2015: Talk on the molecular mechanisms for the generation of timed Purkinje cell pause responses, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands

  • 24/04/2015: Molecular mechanisms of conditioned blink responses Oxford University, United Kingdom

Editorial positions

  • 15/02/2019 – Present: Frontiers for Young Minds Science Mentor, Frontiers Young Minds

  • 03/09/2018 – Present: Review Editor, Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

Reviewer assignments

  • 10/08/2017 – 20/04/2018 – 7 x Reviewer, Neuroscience letters

  • 09/06/2019: Reviewer, Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience

  • 14/05/2019: Reviewer, Neurobiology of Learning and Memory

  • 05/05/2019: Reviewer, IEEE Access

  • 05/01/2019: Reviewer, MPDI, Methods and Protocols

  • 22/02/2017 – 27/08/2018: 2 x Reviewer, Experimental Brain Research

  • 11/11/2014: Reviewer, Frontiers in cellular Neuroscience

  • 20/03/2014: Reviewer, Journal of Social Psychology

Teaching and Supervisory Experience

  • 01/01/2016 – Present: Main supervisor for Karolina Löwgren, PhD candidate, Lund University

  • 03/04/2008 – Present: Lab demonstration supervisor. Lund Medical School,

  • 17/01/2008 – 01/06/2018: Tutor in Problem Based Learning. Lund Medical School

  • 01/10/2014 – 31/12/2015: Co-supervisor for Karolina Löwgren, PhD candidate, Lund University

  • 01/01/2010 - Present: Supervisor for students, on Bachelor, Master and PhD levels

  • 01/06/2011 – 31/08/2011: Student supervisor, Carolina Örtenblad for summer student

Public outreach

  • 12/03/2018 – 15/03/2018: Public lectures. ”Hjärnan – En tidsmaskin”. I held three lectures during ’NMT dagarna’. More than 5000 high-school students come to Lund to listen to inspirational lectures about science, medicine and technology (11-15th of March, Lund Sweden).

  • 28/06/2017: Press release: Överraskande exakt tajming av viljestyrda rörelser. Lund University press release.

  • 01/02/2016: Popular science article. We learn and forget to correct our expectations. Atlas of science. Available at:

  • 27/10/2015: Press release. Hjärnan glömmer för att spara energi. Press release to inform public about findings published in PNAS. The press release was picked up by multiple news outlets and ranks in the top 5th percentile on altmetric.

  • 13/10/2014: P4 Radio interview. Jankell i P4 om skönhetsideal. I was interviewed on Swedish national radio about my research on the interplay between memories and stereotypes.

  • 05/03/2011: SVT televised interview: “Vackra människor behandlas bättre”. An interview in Swedish national TV about my research on the beautiful is good stereotype.

Administrative Experience

  • 01/12/2008 – 06/01/2011: Inst. Experimental Medical Science, Chairman for the PhD advisory committee

  • 01/12/2008 – 06/01/2011: Inst. Experimental Medical Science, Board member

Conference Participation and Poster presentations

  • 02/07/2016 – 06/07/2016: FENS, Federation of European Neuroscience Societies, 5 day meeting, Denmark

  • 24/06/2016 – 26/06/2016: Kavli futures symposium, 2 day symposium, Santa Barbara, California, USA

  • May 2015 - SRC, 2 day symposium. Brussels, Belgium, Poster + Oral presentation

    • Rasmussen A, Zucca R, Johansson F, Jirenhed DA, Hesslow G (2015) Learning induced pause responses in Purkinje cells reduce the probability that a subsequent periorbital stimulus elicits a complex spike.

  • 13/03/2013 – 15/03/2013: Translational Sensorimotor Neuroscience meeting. Johannesbergs Slott, Sweden. Participation + Poster presentation + oral presentation

    • Rasmussen A, Zucca R, Jirenhed DA, Johansson F, Hesslow G (2013). Direction of learning in cerebellar Purkinje cells dependent on number of climbing fiber impulses.

  • 01/05/2008 – 01/05/2013: Neuroscience day, Participaion + 4 poster presentations

    • Zucca, R, Rasmussen A., Johansson F, Verschure PF, Hesslow G (2012). Suppression of conditioned eye-blink responses through high frequency climbing fibres stimulation.

    • Rasmussen A, Zucca R, Jirenhed DA, Johansson F, Örtenblad C, Svensson P, Hesslow G (2012). Golgi Cell Activity during Eyeblink Conditioning in Decerebrate Ferrets. SFN, New Orleans, USA

    • Johansson F, Jirenhed DA, Rasmussen A, Zucca R, Hesslow G (2011). In vivo parallel fibre stimulation as conditional stimulus in Pavlovian conditioning of Purkinje neuron responses.

    • Rasmussen A, Johansson F, Zucca R, Hesslow G (2011). The neural foundation of overexpectation.

    • Zucca, R., Rasmussen, A., Herreros-Alonso, I., Verschure, P. F., & Hesslow, G. (2010). A closed-loop framework to investigate cerebellar learning in a decerebrated ferret preparation.

  • 27/05/2011 – 28/05/2011: Organization and Function of Neuronal Circuits in Movement Control, 2 day symposium. Trolleholm, Sweden

  • Fall 2008 - Motor Networks, 1 day conference, Lund, Sweden. Participation + Poster presentation

  • 09/12/2008 – 13/12/2008: Perceptual Learning, Motor Learning and Automaticity, Amsterdam, Netherlands, Participation + Poster presentation

    • Rasmussen, A., Jirenhed, D., & Hesslow, G. (2008). Olivary activity during Classical Conditioning.

  • 10/07/2008 – 12/07/2008: Society for Research on the Cerebellum, 2 day symposium. Geneva, Switzerland

Other relevant work experience

  • 10/06/2005 – 15/08/2006: Carer for children with ADHD and ASD. Solbergahemmet, Järna, Part-time.

  • 26/06/2002 –15/08/2003: Carer for children with neuropsychiatric disorders. Mora Parks, Järna, Full-time


Pedagogical and postgraduate courses

  • 05/02/2018 – 07/02/2018: Laboratory management, 1p, EMBO

  • 10/10/2016 – 13/10/2016: Research Integrity - Biomedical Sciences, 0.5p, Epigeum

  • 14/11/2014 – 21/09/2012: Research supervision, 2p, MedCul, Lund University

  • 01/10/2012 – 10/01/2013: Perspective on course design, 4p, MedCul, Lund University

  • 04/06/2012 – 21/09/2012: MedCul Perspectives on learning, 3p, MedCul, Lund University

  • 01/04/2008 – 02/04/2008: Problem based learning, 0.5 weeks, MedCul, Lund University

PhD in Medical Science, Lund University, Sweden

  • Introductory course, 1p

  • Scientific communication 1.5p

  • Research ethics 1.5p

  • Oral communication, 1.5p

  • Laboratory Animal Science, 3p

  • Barcelona, Cognition, Brain and technology summer school, 2 weeks

  • Publication methodology, 1 day

BSc in Psychology

Lund University

  • Introductory Psychology, 30p

  • Neuropsychology, 15p

  • Social and Personality Psychology, 15p

  • Cognitive Psychology, 15p

  • Intercultural Psychology, 15p

  • Human-Computer interaction, 7.5p

  • Bachelor Thesis, methodology + thesis work, 30p

  • The nervous system and the movement apparatus, 28.5p

  • Statistics, 30p

University of California, Santa Barbara 77,25p, GPA: 3.97

  • Introductory Biology, 6p

  • Introductory Biology Lab, 1.5p

  • Issues in Biopsychology, 6p

  • Lab in Biopsychology, 7.5p

  • Neuroanatomy, 7.5p

  • Neuropharmacology, 6p

  • Research in Psychology, 13.5p

  • Evolution and Cognition, 6p

  • Devlopmental Psychology, 6p

  • Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology (Intro Biology II), 3p

  • Molecular, cellular and developmental biology, 4.5p

  • Molecular, cellular and developmental biology lab, 1.5p

  • Endocrinology lab, 7.5p

  • Weight Training, 0.75p

Stockholm University, 30p , top grade

  • Criminology, 30p

Cambridge University (UK), 7.5p, A+

  • International Science Summer School, 7.5p

IB Diploma Programme (1999-2003)

  • Computer Science

  • Physics (higher level)

  • Psychology (higher level)

  • Mathematics (higher level)

  • English

  • Swedish