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Research Sites

These are sites with information that we might find useful. If you have a link you'd like to have added, just let me know here in the comments, or in the forums under "Suggested Links".

Medieval Recipes: Lots of period recipes from original sources, with an explanation of what each one means as well as the original recipe and a direct translation of it into modern English. A large collection of sites that have either Medieval recipes, or discussions of period food and how it was prepared. Another list of Medieval recipes. This site not only documents the original recipe, it also has a complete modern recipe with actual measurements (instead of just "some") for each one. Further, as well as being broken down into country of origin, and type of recipe, it also breaks them down into such categories as "Easy," "Vegetarian," and "Travel Safe". Here is a great resource for making medieval cheese; not only tasty but also a great A&S project. ;)   Is rum period? How about horseradish? Are marshmallows? This great timeline shows when foods first appeared, along with details and period recipes for their uses. (The answers, fascinatingly, are "only just," "yes," and, surprisingly, "yes"!)  A very large collection of mead recipes. The beginner ones definitely look very easy to make, including a beginner's recipe that you can make without any equipment more specialized than a four-litre jug of spring water!  An authentic Tudor recipe (the original; with modern amounts and directions; and a cold modern variant) for buttered beer. Sounds fantastic. "An Anonymous 13th Century Andalusian Cookbook"; the Tafya (Lamb Stew) that was served at Twelfth Night in 2017 was based upon that recipe in here (the adjusted recipe is in our forums under "Medieval Recipes").
  An interesting discussion of Medieval grilled meats, including some very tasty-sounding period recipes.

Miscellaneous How To:  This is a collection of files that THLord Stefan li Rous has assembled from various sources since he first joined the SCA (Society for Creative Anachronism) in 1989. The information in these files comes from the Rialto newsgroup (, the old fidonet medieval echo conference area, various mail lists and articles submitted to him by their authors. An exhaustive compendium of SCA knowledge! This link is to an informative page about medieval scents including recipes for pomades, insect repellents, and various scents. A very helpful article on how to prepare documentation for Arts & Sciences competitions. A how-to on making waxed tablets.  An excellent site with several later-period patterns and a custom corset pattern generator.  The East Kingdom Metalsmiths' Guild is dedicated to the study and teaching of all the metalsmithing arts and sciences, including but not limited to: blacksmithing, smelting, casting, working in various metals, armouring, coining / minting, gem cutting, gem and stone lore, jewelrymaking, glassblowing, glass lampworking (beads, etc.), and the like. This is the page where one can find both the forms for registering your name/device/badge/etc, and instructions for doing so (including how to fill out the forms, and addresses for submitting). Do read the Tips and Reminders at the bottom of the page! They have standards for colouring the devices, including what sorts of materials work (Crayola Colour Markers) and what doesn't (a surprising amount of other things, including colour print-outs).

Miscellaneous Information: A free digital subscription to Medieval Histories Magazine for historians, reenactors and history buffs, this online magazine delivers fascinating historical information on the middle ages directly to your inbox. Gunnvôr's Laurel directed her to produce regular, researched articles for the local newsletter. A quarter of a century later, those articles are still online as The Viking Answer Lady's web page, a collection of pretty much everything you could ever want or need to know about the Norse. And now she is in the process of updating the articles with new knowledge. If you want to go Norse, start here.
   A very good list of information and finds in the Viking and Dark Ages. From foods through clothing and a comprehensive list of shoe finds through DNA haplotypes, this very well-researched site has it all.   "An ongoing examination of the history and development of footwear and shoemaking techniques up to the end of the Sixteenth Century."   The Vikings Online are a recreation organization that aims to the highest standards of authenticity. Their website has a tonne of useful information for Norse personas particularly; but this colour wheel of available natural dyes will be of use to everyone.   The Vikings Online (as mentioned above) are a historical recreation society in the UK that hires themselves out as extras in movies; status within their organization is achieved by the quality and completeness of one's kit. They are a tremendous resource for Norse and Dark Ages personas in particular.   R. Leah Cohen has done up a series of fully-documented paper dolls in historical dress that includes 10th Century Norse (and Viking-inspired), Anglo-Saxon, Medieval, Renaissance, Tudor, and 15th Century. Most of the documentation is on the black and white versions; she discusses her colour choices on the coloured versions. For a quick overview of the garb from popular Medieval periods, she's a surprisingly good place to start.   SCA Persona Sheets are a good starting place for people wanting to create a persona. Pick your period of interest, and that sheet will give you good sources of information on names, clothing, foods, etc, as well as a rough overview of some historical highlights and important people of the time.

Viking Resources for the Re-enactor  contains several articles by Þóra Sharptooth of the SCA and comes recommended. Be aware that most of these seem to have been written in the late Nineties or soon after, though, and more recent information has since come to light on some of her topics.

Rosalie's Medieval Woman has just a tonne of useful information on all aspects of a Medieval woman's life, including this page on period dyes (including a colour wheel of dyed wool).

Camping/Pavilion: This site has just a tonne of information about Medieval pavilions, from period colours to information about what dagging styles were most common, to how to care for them, to how to calculate how much material that pointed peak is going to need, plus a whole lot more.

Fighting:  Free patterns for just about any bit of armour you might want.  Bellatrix Fighting School has a very in-depth, useful, highly detailed fighting manual written by one of the SCA's legendary fighters, Duke Bellatrix.