Welcome to SHOAL (Sociality, Heterogeneity, Organisation And Leadership) group website! We are based in the Department of Biosciences at Swansea University, situated on Wales' beautiful coastline in the UK. The Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014 ranked Biosciences at Swansea 7th in the UK and 1st in Wales. 
SHOALgroup uses a question-oriented approach to address a range of issues in animal behaviour and ecology. An overarching aim of our research is to understand how costs and benefits shape individual behaviour, and how these behaviours relate to the structure and functioning of groups and populations. To achieve this, we conduct research on a variety of group-living fish, bird, and mammal systems (including humans) in the wild and in the lab, and use novel technologies and analytical tools to access information about interactions at many spatial-temporal scales. Our latest work aims not only to test discipline specific hypotheses, but measure, understand, and predict how social animals deal with rapid changes to their environment. 

We are team-oriented, and combine our over-arching research goals with the educational goals of each member. We strive to maintain the highest standards of ethical welfare and data integrity. If you are interested in working with us then have a look through our website and contact us. You can also keep up to date with our research on Twitter. 


APRIL: New paper out in Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. showing stickleback fish alter their foraging tactics based on environmental quality - work led by visiting scientist Matt Hansen, and with Ash Ward and Ines Fürtbauer 

JULY: PhD student Gaëlle Fehlmann has her first paper from her PhD published in Animal Conservation. The next couple are on the way too!  

JULY: Group outing! We are all off to ISBE in Exeter!