Journal Articles

  • Smith, A.D.M. (2017). Language Boundaries Driven by Surface Tension. Physics 10. 80. [A commentary on Burridge's "Spatial Evolution of Human Dialects" in Phys. Rev. X 7] (UoS STORRE)(DOI)
  • Blythe, R.A., Smith, A.D.M. and Smith, K. (2016). Word learning under infinite uncertainty. Cognition 151. 18-27. (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2014). Models of language evolution and change. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science DoI: 10.1002/wcs.1285.
  • Smith, K., Smith, A.D.M. and Blythe, R.A. (2011). Cross-situational learning: an experimental study of word-learning mechanisms. Cognitive Science 35(3): 480-498. (PDF)
  • Blythe, R.A., Smith, K. and Smith, A.D.M. (2010). Learning times for large lexicons through cross-situational learning. Cognitive Science 34(4): 620-642. (PDF)
  • Hoefler, S.H. and Smith, A.D.M. (2009). The pre-linguistic basis of grammaticalisation: a unified approach to metaphor and reanalysis. Studies in Language 33(4): 883-906. (PDF)
  • Smith, K., Kirby, S. and Smith, A.D.M. (2008). The brain plus the cultural transmission mechanism determine the nature of language. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31(5): 533-534. [A commentary on Christiansen & Chater's target article, "Language as shaped by the brain"] (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2008). Protolanguage reconstructed. Interaction Studies 9(1): 100-116. (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2007). Review of: The Origin of Vowel Systems, Bart de Boer. Lingua 117(4): 721-726. (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2006). Oral History. American Scientist 94(1): 75-76. [A review of Guy Deutscher, The Unfolding of Language] (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2005). The inferential transmission of language. Adaptive Behavior 13(4): 311-324. (PDF)
  • Vogt, P. and Smith, A.D.M. (2005). Learning colour words is slow: a cross-situational learning account. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28(4): 509-510. [A commentary on Steels & Belpaeme's target article, Co-ordinating perceptually grounded categories through language: a case for colour]
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2003). Intelligent meaning creation in a clumpy world helps communication. Artificial Life 9(2): 175-190. (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2002). Review of: On biocultural diversity: linking language, knowledge and the environment, Luisa Maffi (ed.). The Quarterly Review of Biology 77(1): 102-103.
  • Connolly, C.K., Crawford, S.M., Rider, P.L., Smith, A.D.M., Johnston, C.F. and Muers, M.F. (1997). Carcinoma of the bronchus in the Yorkshire region of England 1976-90: trends since 1984. European Respiratory Journal 10: 397-403.
  • Hebblethwaite, N., Boyd, K., Peel, K.R., Williamson, P.R., Melling, P.P., Smith, A.D.M. and Stevens, A.M. (1997). Adenocarcinoma of the cervix: a regional retrospective study. European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology 18(1): 47-52.
  • Sainsbury, J.R.C., Rider, P.L., Smith, A.D.M. and McAdam, W.A.F. (1995). Does it matter where you live? Treatment variation for breast cancer in Yorkshire. British Journal of Cancer 71: 1275-1278.


  • Smith, A.D.M., Trousdale, G. and Waltereit, R. (2015). New Directions in Grammaticalization Research. John Benjamins. [ISBN 978-902725931-8] (amazon)
  • Smith, A.D.M., Schouwstra, M., de Boer, B. and Smith, K. (2010). The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG 8). World Scientific. [ISBN 981-4295-21-3] (amazon)
  • Smith, A.D.M., Smith, K. and Ferrer i Cancho, R. (2008). The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG 7). World Scientific. [ISBN 981-277-611-7] (amazon)
  • Cangelosi, A., Smith, A.D.M. and Smith, K. (2006). The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG 6). World Scientific. [ISBN 981-256-656-2] (amazon)

Articles in Collections

  • Smith, A.D.M. (2017) Grammaticalization Theory. In Shackelford, T.K. and Weekes-Schackelford, V. A. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. 1-8 Springer. [ISBN 978-3-319-16999-6] (DOI)
  • Smith, A.D.M. and Hoefler, S. (2017) From metaphor to symbols and grammar. In C.Power, M. Finnegan and H. Callan (eds.) Human Origins: contributions from social anthropology. 153-179. Berghahn. [ISBN 978-1-785-33426-9]
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2016) Dynamic models of language evolution: the linguistic perspective. In V. Ginsburgh and S. Weber (eds.) The Palgrave Handbook of Economics and Language. 61-100. Palgrave. [ISBN 978-1-137-32504-4].
  • Smith, A.D.M. and Höfler, S.H. (2015) The pivotal role of metaphor in the evolution of human language. In J.E. Díaz Vera (ed.) Metaphor and Metonymy Across Time and Cultures: perspectives on the sociohistorical linguistics of figurative language. 123-139. Cognitive Linguistics Research 52. Mouton de Gruyter. [ISBN 978-3-11-033543-9]
  • Smith, A.D.M. and Smith, K. (2012). Cross-situational learning. In N. Seel (ed.) Encyclopaedia of the Sciences of Learning. 864-866. Springer. [ISBN 978-1-4419-1427-9]
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2011). Grammaticalisation and language evolution. In H. Narrog and B. Heine (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization. 142-152. Oxford University Press. [ISBN 978-0-19-958678-3]
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2010). Protolanguage reconstructed. In M.A. Arbib and D. Bickerton (eds.) The Emergence of Protolanguage: holophrasis vs compositionality. 99-115. John Benjamins. [ISBN 978-90-272-2254-1] [This paper, together with all the others in this volume, was originally published in Interaction Studies 9(1) - see journal articles above]
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2007). Language change and the inference of meaning. In C. Lyon, C. Nehaniv and A. Cangelosi (eds.) Emergence of Communication and Language. 323-337. Springer. [ISBN 1-84628-491-0] (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2005). Mutual exclusivity: communicative success despite conceptual divergence. In M. Tallerman (ed.) Language Origins: perspectives on evolution. 372-388. Oxford University Press. [ISBN 0-19-927904-7] (PDF)

Articles in Published Conference Proceedings

  • Smith, A.D.M. and Höfler, S.H. (2014). The cognitive underpinnings of metaphor as the driving force of language evolution. In E.A. Cartmill, S. Roberts, H. Lyn and H. Cornish (eds.) The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG X). 517-518. World Scientific. [ISBN 978-981-4603-62-1] (PDF)
  •  Smith, A.D.M. (2012). Linguistic Replicators: a wild goose chase? In T.C. Scott-Phillips, M. Tamariz, E.A. Cartmill and J.R. Hurford (eds.) The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG 9). 541-542. World Scientific. [ISBN 978-981-4401-49-4] (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M., Skarabela, B. and Tamariz, M. (2010). Exploring the nature of a systematicity bias: an experimental study. In A.D.M. Smith, M. Schouwstra, B. de Boer and K. Smith (eds.) The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG 8). 289-296. World Scientific. [ISBN 981-4295-21-3] (PDF)
  • Smith, K., Smith, A.D.M. and Blythe, R.A. (2009). Reconsidering human cross-situational learning capacities: a revision to Yu & Smith's (2007) experimental paradigm. In N. Taatgen and H. van Rijn (eds.) Proceedings of the 31st International Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. 2711-2716. Cognitive Science Society. (PDF)
  • Hoefler, S.H. and Smith, A.D.M. (2008). Reanalysis vs metaphor: what grammaticalisation can tell us about language evolution. In A.D.M. Smith, K. Smith and R. Ferrer i Cancho (eds.) The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG 7). 163-170. World Scientific. [ISBN 981-277-611-7] (PDF)
  • Tamariz, M. and Smith, A.D.M. Smith (2008). Regularity in mappings between signals and meanings. In A.D.M. Smith, K. Smith and R. Ferrer i Cancho (eds.) The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG 7). 315-322. World Scientific. [ISBN 981-277-611-7] (PDF)
  • Smith, K., Smith, A.D.M., Blythe, R.A. and Vogt, P. (2006). Cross-situational learning: a mathematical approach. In P. Vogt, Y. Sugita, E. Tuci and C. Nehaniv (eds.) Symbol Grounding and Beyond (3rd International Workshop on the Emergence and Evolution of Linguistic Communication). 31-44. Springer. [ISBN 3-540-45769-0] (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2006). Semantic reconstructibility and the complexification of language. In A. Cangelosi, A.D.M. Smith and K. Smith (eds.) The Evolution of Language (EVOLANG 6). 307-314. World Scientific. [ISBN 981-256-656-2] (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2005). Stable communication through dynamic language. In K. Dautenhahn (ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on the Emergence and Evolution of Linguistic Communication. 135-142. The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and the Simulation of Behaviour. (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2003). Semantic generalisation and the inference of meaning. In W. Banzhaf, T. Christaller, P. Dittrich, J.T. Kim and J. Ziegler (eds.) Advances in Artificial Life (7th ECAL Conference). 499-506. Springer. [ISBN 3-540-20057-6] (PDF)
  • Smith, A.D.M. (2001). Establishing communication systems without explicit meaning transmission. In J. Kelemen and P. Sosík (eds.) Advances in Artificial Life (6th ECAL Conference). 381-390. Springer. [ISBN 3-540-42567-5] (PDF