Student Essay Contest
Pennsylvania Constitutional Pretext
Pennsylvania Constitutional provisions on religion.
Article I Sec. 3 states; All men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences; no man can of right be compelled to attend, erect or support any place of worship or to maintain any ministry against his consent; no human authority can, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience, and no preference shall ever be given by law to any religious establishments or modes of worship.
Article I Sec. 4 states; No person who acknowledges the being of a God and a future state of rewards and punishments shall, on account of his religious sentiments, be disqualified to hold any office or place of trust or profit under this Commonwealth. [No religious test for public office]
Federal Constitutional pretext
U.S. Constitutional Amendment [in part]
Amendment 1 - Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion; or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;
Article I Sec. 8 - [among other rights/responsibilities] Congress is "To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts;"
Article II Sec. 2 - Oath of office; " I do solemnly swear [or affirm] that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States". [notice it does not say "so help me god"].
Article VI - The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all execututive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation to support this Constitution, but no religious Test Shall ever be required as a Qualification to Any Office of public Trust under the United States".