Patients are protected against genetic discrimination by their health insurers and employers by the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 (GINA). Genetic discrimination is considered the misuse of genetic information.
GINA essentially prevents health insurers from denying coverage or raising rates because of genetic test results. GINA also prevents employers from making hiring or promotion decisions based on genetic testing results. Read more about GINA's health insurance protections and employment protections here and in the video.
Some important facts to remember about GINA:
The intersection between GINA and HIPAA
GINA requires that genetic information be treated as health information under the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Thus, it's subject to the same regulations that protect the privacy of patient information under HIPAA.You can review HIPAA facts in Resources.
Page 1. The standard of care
Page 2. Ethical, legal, and social implications
Page 3. Assessing psychological impacts
Page 4. Privacy and the duty to warn
Page 5. GINA
Page 6. DTC Genetic Testing Concerns