Amazona xantholora ( Gray 1859)- Yellow Lored Amazon Parrot

 




Natural History:



Length: 9 -10 “or 22-26cm


Weight:
7-8 oz. (200-230g)


Description:
The one of smallest of all parrots in genus Amazona, Yellow lored is overall Amazon green with strong black edging. Has whitish- cream front head markings in male red around the eyes and enhanced with lemon yellow lore. The crown is bluish. Ear coverts are blackish. Primary coverts are red. Female is mostly green with a few red feathers randomly scattered on the face. Top of the head has blue wash but less intense than in a male. Beak is yellow. Young have paler overall color with less head coloration and brown, not orange iris.


Habitat:
dry scrubby forest to edges of rain forest and pine forest on Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, Belize and possibly Honduras.


Diet in the wild: reported to be pods, fruits, seeds and flowers.


Breeding in the wild: normally 3-5 eggs. Incubation reportedly 26 days. Breeding between March and April.


Status in the wild: not listed as endangered. Population estimate at 20 000 to 50 000 birds. Possible threats: loss of habitat from expansion of tourism industry in Yucatan, forest clearing and capture for local pet trade. Locals report seeing them fairly regularly in Cancun area ( from personal communication 2011)


Status In Captivity:
sporadically imported to the Europe, South Africa, and the USA in the past. Breeding success limited by small numbers in captivity and reported aggressive nature of the male. Still rare in aviculture.


Breeding Stock:
Parent raised male purchased from Arizona. Parent raised female from Florida. Male with one toe missing. Reportedly since left the nest. Some feather plucking on neck and chest. Reportedly three and a half years of age. Never set up before. Female in perfect feather also reportedly three and a half years of age. Much more reserved than my Bodinis. Have soft vocalization most of the time and harsh calls when excited or vocalizing in the evening. No or minimal aggression observed. Female eats variety of foods with preference for fruits, male prefers seeds.

My breeding stock


Behavior:
Compared to other Amazons Yellow lored seem to be more active and skillful fliers. In the wild lives in small flocks out of the breeding season. At night they congregate in larger numbers at roosting trees. In captivity they are intelligent and playful pets but are not reported to have great capabilities to talk. My birds enjoy misting and spraying with warm water. They appear to enjoy having private area where they can not be seen from outside the aviary. During the breeding season should have visual barrier separating the cages and minimal disturbance.


Diet: 
consi


sts of seeds with larger proportion of small canary and finch mix and ABBA seed mix for medium hookbils. Zupreem pellets and veggies and fruits were dusted with calcium citrate with vitamin D3. Most readily consumed soft food, vegetables and fruits were in order of preference: apple, papaya, celery, green grapes, pomegranates, peppers, blueberries, chopped boiled eggs, carrots, pears, bananas, any citrus, squash, zucchini, red or black grapes, plums, nectarines and peaches, mango, thawed guava and palm oil fruits, figs, baked plantains, tomatoes, red currants, gooseberries, red cherries and hawthorn fruits, peas, corn, green beans, any green leafy vegetables or wild greens like dandelion. Liquid calcium and children multivitamin or children vitamin A, D, C solution were added to the water daily. Red palm oil was added in small quantities to pellets. Calcium powder and spirulina sprinkled on top of greens. 

Link to  parrot diet




Breeding:

In January 2010 pair was moved to closed aviary. L shaped nest with opening partially closed with pieces of soft wood placed at furthest point from the aviary entrance. Length of lighting increased. Feeding with more greens started. At all times seeds with low sunflower and high safflower mix were given. Zupreem rainbow pellets were available at all times. Birds perch far away from each other. In 2011 they perch together. No allopreening observed.

 

 

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