Amazona ochrocephala oratrix

Natural History:

Subspecies of Amazona oratrix with more extensive yellow head coloration and separate geographical distribution in East  and West Mexico.

Length: 36-38cm

Weight: around 400 to 500 gm.

Description: Double Yellow Head Amazon is the bird which comes to mind when this genus is mentioned. Head , nape, upper chest and variable numbers of feathers on abdomen and thighs are yellow. Beak is horn colored. It integrades into auropalliata with integrades showing variable amount of yellow color on the nape and black in the beak. Those might be valid subspecies.  Females are similar with male having slightly larger beak and more extensive yellow on the head. Young have paler overall colors with less head coloration and brown, not orange iris.


Habitat:   dry thorny forest, pine savanna,  palm savanna and partially cleared land in Mexico.


Diet in the wild: reported to be fruits, seeds and flowers.


Breeding in the wild: clutch is averages 3 eggs.  Incubation is reportedly 25-28 days.


Status in the wild: CITES appendix I. Threatened by loss of habitat and capture for pet trade.

Status in Captivity:  imported  regularly to the USA  the Europe in the past. Breeding success in the US good with fairly large number of chicks produced annually.


Breeding Stock: Young female purchased in 2009.


Behavior: Ultimate singing and talking bird. It would be ideal pet parrot if it was not for the loud voice and aggressive nature. Younger birds and some females are more mellow. As most amazons, gives fair warning when in excitable mood.


Diet:  Zupreem pellets as a basic diet. Scraps from the table and veggies and fruit provided several times a week. Millet seed available a couple times a month.  Only occasionally large hookbill seed diet.

Breeding: none