Amazona autumnalis lilacina – Ecuador Yellow Cheeked Amazon Parrot
Subspecies of Amazona autumnalis with less vivid coloration and disjunct geographical distribution in western Ecuador. Some studies indicate that it may be completely valid separate species.
Length: 33-36 cm
Weight: 350- 400 gm.
Description: Lilacinas are beautiful medium sized Amazons with subdued coloration similar to my bodinis. Beak is black, front red turning into lilac blue on the crown. Cheeks are yellowish green. Male and female are similar with male having slightly larger beak and head. My male has four red primaries on each wing, female has two plus third orange one. Young have paler overall colors with less head coloration and brown, not orange iris. Beak is horn colored with black base.
Habitat: mangroves and low lying dry forest in central western Ecuador.
Diet in the wild: reported to be fruits, coffee berries, seeds and flowers.
Breeding in the wild: clutch is 3-4 eggs. Incubation is reportedly 26 days.
Status in the wild: CITES appendix II. Threatened by loss of habitat and capture for pet trade. Population in the wild estimated at 400-600 birds.
Status in Captivity: some numbers imported to the Europe, South Africa, and the USA in the past. Breeding success limited by small numbers in captivity. Less present in aviculture.
Breeding Stock: Supposedly proven pair purchased from Arizona. Female with several toes missing. Closed ring on left leg. Some feather plucking on neck and chest. Male in perfect feather. Closed ring on right leg. Unknown age. Have soft vocalization most of the time and very few if any harsh calls when excited or vocalizing in the evening. Minimal aggression of male towards the hen when person gets too close to the cage. No aggressive behavior observed since pair has been moved to aviary in Winter 2009/2010. Pair perches close together.
Behavior: Compared to other Amazons lilacinas seem to be more sedentary. Birds enjoy misting and spraying with warm water. Their voice is much more pleasant compared to my other amazons.
Diet: consists of canary and finch mix and ABBA seed mix for medium hookbils. Zupreem pellets and veggies and fruits were dusted with calcium citrate with vitamin D3. Most readily consumed soft food, vegetables and fruits were in order of preference: apple, green grapes, cranberries, pomegranates, and celery. Red palm oil was added in small quantities to pellets in 2009/2010. Calcium powder and spirullina sprinkled on top of greens. Rather picky eaters. In 2010/2011 season, starting in December pellets changed to Zupreem breeder rainbow pellets. Mixture of fruits served several times a week. To my surprise they love cooked bean mix! My other amazons hate it.
Breeding:Link to: Breeding lilacinas