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Velavadar Blackbuck National Park

Location

Blackbuck National Park at Velavadar is situated in the Bhavnagar District portion of Bhaal region within Gujarat state, India.

Background

Established in 1976 in the Bhal region, this park is located around 45 km from the district headquarters city of Bhavnagar. Hugging the coasts of the Gulf of Khambhat on the south, it is spread over an area of 34.08 km², which was primarily a "vidi" (grassland) which belonged to more than one family members of late Maharaja Krishnakumarshinji of the princely state of Bhavnagar. In July 1976 when the park was established, the initial protected area was measuring about 17.88 km². Subsequently, in 1980, another 16.22 km² were added, increasing the total spread of the part to the current figure of 34.08 km².
Maharaja's son M.K. Shree Shivbhadra Sinhji donated entire piece of his personal land towards the development of this park. He wanted to name the park to be "Maharaja Krishnakumar Sinhji National Park" but authorities put a condition that if he wants to associate his father late Maharaja's name with this park he should convince other members of his family too to donate the land that they had. Other members somehow preferred to opt out and hence late Maharaja's name could not get associated with this national park. But we must salute the person - M.K. Shree Shivbhadra Sinhji - who donated huge amount of his personal land for the development of this national park. This National park has been classified as 4B Gujarat-Rajwada biotic province of semi-arid bio-geographical zone.

Geology

A certain southern portion of the park which is adjoining the Gulf of Khambhat, falls under its high tide zone and gets inundated with water. However, its semi-arid conditions, together with this inundation of seawater during monsoon, creates habitats suitable for various dependent fauna of the Park. Even though the Gulf being 10+ kilometers away from this area, during high-tides, the sea-water reaches up to this area due to flatness of the land.

 Remote Sensing Data

  • 7.57 km² of dense grassland and 9.91 km² of sparse grassland
  • 5.05 km² of Prosopis shrub land
  • 5.13 km² of saline lands
  • 5.08 km² covered by high tidal mudflats