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Lothal

Location

Lothal is situated near the village of Saragwala in the Dholka taluka of Amdavad district. It is at a distance of six kilometres (south-east) from the Lothal-Bhurkhi railway station on the Ahmedabad-Bhavnagar  railway line.By road it can be reached via Bagodara. Distance between Amdavad and Lothal is approx 85 kilometres. Bagodara to Lothal distance is about 33 kilometres.

Information

As per ASI (Archaeological Survey of India) Lothal is one of the most prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilization. This place is located in the centre of Bhaal region in the state of Gujarat and dating from 2400 BCE, it is one of India's most important archaeological site that dates from that era.
ASI excavated this place between February 13, 1955 to May 19, 1960.


 Lothal Archaeological Museum's Entrance Gate

 Archaeological Museum Building
 
Lothal's dock—the world's earliest known—connected the city to an ancient course of the Sabarmati river on the trade route between Harappan  cities in Sindh  and the peninsula of Saurashtra when the surrounding Kutchch desert of today was a part of the Arabian Sea. It was a vital and thriving trade centre in ancient times, with its trade of beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the far corners of West Asia and Africa. Lothal's people were responsible for the earliest-known portrayals of realism in art and sculpture, telling some of the most well-known fables of today. Its scientists used a shell compass and divided the horizon and sky into 8–12 whole parts, possibly pioneering the study of stars and advanced navigation—2000 years before the Greeks. The techniques and tools they pioneered for bead-making and in metallurgy  have stood the test of time for over 4000 years.
 The Dock site