The word Bhaal (Gujarati: ભાલ; Hindi: भाल) seems to have been derived from the Sanskrit word भाल which literary means "forehead". Such a name is given to this region probably due to the fact that it is mostly as flat as a forehead with almost entire region's soil without any stones, pebbles or gravels.

Bhaal region covers more than fifty villages and is spread between political boundaries of Bhavnagar & Ahmedabad districts. Entire region is only five to ten meters from the sea-level in height and that too without visible slope. Due to lack of slope, and being only few meters above the sea-level, the area remains inundated and becomes archipelago during monsoon but paradoxically, suffers from scarcity of water during rest of the year.


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Bhaal region has certain characteristics by which it is identified as one single entity

  • Fine powder like fertile black soil without stone or gravel – basically due to silting of seventeen small and medium rivers meeting Gulf of Cambay (Gujarati: ખંભાત નો અખાત; Hindi: खम्भात का अखात)  at Bhaal. Soil is mostly dark & clay-like. Soil of coastal region has high pH (approx 7.6 to 8.0 )

  • Mean annual rainfall is 500 to 600 mm.

  • Extreme weather throughout the year and other specialities like Savannah type Grass Lands, Semi-desert conditions with acute shortage of water in summer, bank-less rivers and briny wind blowing from the Gulf of Cambay almost throughout the year.

  • Areas growing a typical wheat sub-species called “Bhaaliyaa wheat" (Gujarati: ભાલીયા ઘઉં) which is famous in Gujarat for its taste.