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Mr. Rahmatullah Hazara is famous Scholar and Intellectual of Pakistan. He has expertise in Current Social and Political Issues and has written many Articles in Different Newspapers and also been presented research papers relevant to his subject "International Relations" in seminars and conferences. He is known an expert in South Asian Studies. After 9/11 this world suffers in threat of "terror" and "terrorism", and this made Mr. Rahmatullah to focus more to know and understand people about the causes and impacts of all the changing scenario in brad spectrum of historical and all other scientific thinking.

His Book in Urdu "osama aur rai aama" ( Osama and public opinion) is his major research based work, which is extraordinary appreciated by people.

Mr. Rahmatullah Hazara is seeking for global peace and social justice through his writings. More on Wikipedia








THE RISE OF
POLITICAL ISLAM
IN PAKISTAN.
by Rahmatullah Hazara
    Through out the decades of Ninetees, the renowned columnists in Pakistan had tried their level best to alleviate the concerns of common people about the rise of fundamentalism/extremism in Pakistan. Mr. Irshad Ahmed Haqqani, Mr. Irfan Siddiqui and Mr. Abdul Karim Abid were the most vocal stalwarts of those writers who were making up the minds of the people that the Islamic political parties will never be in a position to form their own Government in Pakistan nor the majority of people will allow the fundamentalist forces in the corridors of power. These Columnists were of the view that it is almost impossible that in future the combination of fundamentalist/extremist/Islamic forces could grab absolute power in Federal Government or at least play any pivotal role in the making or breaking of any Government. Despite the fact that in those days the process of Islamization was in full swing and the influence of Islamic Parties were growing very quietly and covertly in almost every segments of the Pakistani society, one was surprised that why these intellectuals were involved in detracting the attention of the people from the rising of this menace in Pakistan.
     After passage of more than one decade, now we can point out the strategic depth of the concept of these so-called intellectuals. Every newspaper readers in Pakistan are aware of the fact that Mr. Irshad Ahmed Haqqani and his like-minded writers (columnists) had been one of active members of Jamat Islami. Though, they had given up their memberships earlier due to some reasons, but they haven’t abdicated their political thoughts envisioned during their nexus with Islamic Political Parties. The basic concept of their writings on this subject was to provide a calm period so that the process of Islamization should continue and take its due course without any hindrance and Islamic Political Parties could widen their networks and consolidate their powers at the national level.
     During this period the Islamic Resistance Forces adopted two-pronged strategy, one to support the Kashmir cause with men and material and two to radicalize and maximize their supporters in all segments of Pakistani society. The Madrassa system was well entrenched into the Pakistani society and these Madrassas were to become the backbone of their future political activities. Being the protégé of the Establishment, they have had no any difficulty in spreading their branches through out the length and breadth of the country. A number of Mosques were forcefully occupied by the Deobandi school of thought, which were formerly in the hands of Barelvis. Armed clashes erupted between the supporters of the both parties in each and every cities of Pakistan. They had not only established their Madrassa networks in rural areas, but they have successfully encompassed the urban areas and a number of well-disciplined and established Madrassas are now functioning in almost every big or small cities of Pakistan. Even in Islamabad, there are 38 Madrassas and one of them became so powerful in the past that challenged the writ of the Government with the backing of Militants and Islamic Political Parties spreading through out the country.
      And we have witnessed that these Islamic Political Parties have now achieved the required political weight and became one of the most influential political force in the mainstream national politics. Today they are producing considerable number of followers and no political party can compete with them in this regard. According to a survey conducted in 2003, there are more than 15000 registered and unregistered Madrassas in Pakistan, where more than 13,00,000 students are studying with minimal drop out level. In 2003, 1,40,000 students completed their studies. Contrary to this, there are 925 male and 384 female colleges, while 17,500 high schools through out the country. The estimates of the said survey show that with high level of drop out, these colleges and schools are producing students half to that of Madrassas. It is noteworthy to mention here that all of these students studying in the colleges and schools are not expected to join the liberal forces of Pakistani society. If we take into account the birth ratio, which is less in liberal families compared to conservative families, the future population proportion of Pakistan is tilting in favour of these Islamic Political Parties. Today, no Political Alliance is seems to be effective without Islamic Political Parties. In other words, they are in a position to create serious law and order situation, any time, anywhere in the country. The policy makers in Islamabad have no other choice but to take into account the reservations of these Islamic Political Parties, while formulating foreign and domestic policies. On the other hand, they have gained considerable number of National and Provincial Assembly seats. Another area where their supporters are doing their job satisfactorily is Electronic and Print Media. We were taken aback with the level of Media coverage given to the Lal Majid incident, where the official death toll did not cross the figures of 117, but compared to that the Media coverage of resistant activities in Balochistan was trivial though the death toll and cases of forced disappearances in this Province is much higher including the death of former Governor, Chief Minister, Federal Minister and renowned politician Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti.
     One school of thought is of the view that these Islamic Political Parties are still playing the B-team role for the Government and Establishment in Pakistan, but one important point should not be ignored that at some stage if they resorted to revolt then they will be in a position to turn the table against their masters. We are aware of the fact that in the International arena, Hamas, Al-Qaeda, Jihadist forces in Afghanistan and Taliban stood against their benefactors. In domestic politics too there are a number of examples and Jamat Islami’s present political stance is contrary to its stance adopted when she was one of the closest allies of the military establishment in the past. Similarly, the Jihadist forces in Pakistan were the protégé of military establishment in the past, but today they are arch rivals of each other. The two brothers Maulanas of Lal Masjid were believed to be the blue eyed of Establishment in the past, but we have witnessed their rebellion against their masters. The Islamic Political Parties’ morale can be gauged from the fact that Maulana Fazlur Rahman was one of the important candidates for the post of Prime Ministership. If his late father Mufti Mahmood with little provincial seats can secure the post of Chief Ministership of NWFP with his coalition partner ANP in the past, why his successor son with considerable seats in the National Assembly cannot become Prime Minister of Pakistan.
     The international community is concerned with this state of affairs in Pakistan and the Pakistani Establishment is trying utmost to alleviate their concern by introducing another terminology i.e, Hardline and Moderate about Militants/Taliban/Fundamentalist forces etc. Similarly, the Pakistani Government has also included science subjects in the Syllabus of the Madrassas. They are of the view that this will bring sea-change in the mindset of these fundamentalists. Everyone knows the fact that this policy was adopted in order to deceive the international community. While the people of Pakistan are, once again, being kept in darkness with such terminologies. In fact in this way they are providing the students of Madrassas another golden opportunity to penetrate into all walks of life. In the past, the Madrassa Degree was not acceptable for any Civil Service post, but the equivalence of Madrassa Degree to a Board Degree will enable them for such posts. After all, due to political compulsion, Madrassa Degree enabled them to become Parliamentarians.
     One thing is quite sure that Pakistani society is drifting towards Islamization/fundamentalism and thirty or more years are not good enough for conversion towards liberalism. The Islamist forces in Pakistan have now achieved the level of self-sufficiency and are no more dependent on Government for their survival. They have established networks of educational institutions, social welfare institutions, political parties, health care systems etc. Resultantly, this state of affair has made them politically independent and strong. Through their well established networks, now they are able to exonerate their comrades from Government’s custody. One such welfare institution is running under the supervision of Mr. Ibrahim Paracha and Khalid Khwaja former MNA and ISI Officer respectively. They are not only exonerating their fellow Pakistani comrades, but those Arabs, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Chechens etc, who were their comrades at arms against coalition forces.