Olympic Mountains

Viola flettii
Endemic
 Flowers in June to early July.  Found at the highest elevations in cool scree.......
......or shaded crevises of fractured rock.

Synthyris lanuginosa
Endemic
 The first thing to flower on the mountain tops of the NE Olympics, usually in May.  Cut leaves and stems are densely covered with hairs.  Also known as Synthyris pinnatifida var. lanuginosa but now thought to be a distinct species.

Smelowskia calycina
Blooms very early, often late May to June.  Foliage is somewhat similar to the Synthris as it covered with gray hairs and cut.  The flowers are four-petaled and white.

Douglasia laevigata
Found most commonly in the NE Olympics, occasional in the western Cascades.  Flowers in June and July.  A member of the Primula family.  Here growing in loose rock.....
.... and another growing in a bed of lichen. 

Lloydia serotina
A very tiny lily relative, grass-like foliage, stems a few inches tall (10-15cm).  Olympics, Cascades, north into Europe and Asia.  Flowers early, June and July.

 Trollius albiflorus
The Globeflower, a member of the buttercup family, is often found in light woods in damp areas blooming soon after the snows have melted.  Olympics, Cascades, and the Rockies.  Also known as Trollius laxus.
Phlox diffusa
The most frequently encountered spreading phlox flowering from June to early summer in Olympics and Cascades.
Phlox hendersonii
This phlox is very similar but the foliage is covered with soft hairs.  P. diffusa foliage is darker and sharp to the touch.  Olympics and North Cascades.

Dryas drummondii 
Rare
A Rocky Mountain species found in the NE corner of the state, a single peak in the Cascades, and a single peak in the Olympics.

 
Collomia larsenii
Only found at high elevations in loose, unconsolidated scree.  This is an unusually floriferous plant, crowded with lavender blossoms.

Penstemon procerus
Forming mats, with balls of blue flowers on short stems.  Olympics and Cascades.

Erigeron flettii
Endemic
Found only in the Olympic Mountains.  A white daisy with entire leaves.

Erigeron compositus
This white daisy has deeply cut leaves.  Usually much smaller, the plant shown may be a tetraploid.

Delphinium glaerosum
This Delphinium grows rocky screes at high elevation, here with a Castilleja.  Olympics, Wenatchees, and Cascades.

 Erythronium montanum
Very common, flowering just as the snows melt away.  The yellow form, Erythronium grandiflorum, is found in similar areas but is much less prevalent.

Anemone occidentalis 
Flowers as snow melts around it.  The stems elongate and bear furry seed heads throughout the rest of the summer.  Olympics and Cascades.

Erysiumum arenicola
Flowers four-petaled and yellow.  One of the few species on the mountain tops with an intense sweet fragrance.

Pedicularis bracteosa var. atrosanguinea
Endemic
This variety with maroon/black flowers is confined to the Olympic Mountains.  Other varieties in the Cascades are usually yellowish to bronze.  A unique color in alpine fields dominated with yellows, blues, and whites.

Saxifraga caespitosa
Also found in the Cascades, the west, and circumboreal.  An unususal species that is able to grow in the alpine and on down to sea level.

 
Saxifraga oppositifolia
High, vertical, north-facing rock ledges.  Flowers early June.  Olympics, Wenatchees, Cascades, and northward.

 
Salix nivalis
An artic willow, catkins in flower......
....growth is horizontal.  This shrub is 6ft/2m across, 2in/5cm high.

 Petrophytum hendersonii
Endremic
Only found in the Olympics, the Rockmat grows in rock crevises forming low mats and have white flower clusters uniquely cocked over to one side.

Campanula piperi
Endemic
Only found in the Olympics.  Blue star-shaped flowers face upward over tiny serrated leaves.  Late July.

Senecio neowbsteri
Endemic
Only found in cool screes in the Olympics.  Fleshy leaves, erratically scalloped emerge purple out of the loose stones.  Flowers midJuly to August.
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