“Pili” is one of 600 species in the Family Burseraceaea, Genus Canarium linneaus and species Canarium ovatum Engl.
“Pili” trees are attractive symmetrically shaped evergreens, averaging 20 meters tall with resinous wood and resistance to strong wind.
The “Pili” fruit is a drupe, 4 – 7 cm long, 2.3 – 3.8 cm in diameter and weighs 15.7 – 45.7 grams. The skin is smooth, thin, shinny and turns purplish black when the fruit ripens.
The pulp is fibrous, fleshy and greenish yellow in color with a pointed shape-end hard thick shell. Inside the shell, is an embryo seed with thin brownish fibrous coating. This seed or kernel is an edible nut – thus called “PILI NUT.”
Most “pili nut or kernels” tend to stick to the shell when fresh, but comes off easily after being dried to about 30-32 degree celsius for 27-28 drying hours with approximate moisture content of 3%-5%.
Shell nuts, with lower moisture content of about 2.5 -4.5%, can be stored for one year without quality deterioration.
The most important product from the pili is the nut or kernel with high commercial value.
When raw, it resembles the flavor of roasted pumpkin seed, and when roasted, its mild, nutty flavor and tender crisp texture is superior to that of almond.
Products From Pili Nut Tree
1.Kernel Oil – which can be processed into
§Esters (Oil for hydraulic systems and oil for cosmetic lubricants or biodiesel)
§Alcohol (emulsifiers, defoamers or cosmetics)
§Amides (polymer or additive)
§Cooking Oil, Salad Oil, Specialty fat, etc.
2.Kernel Meat – made into cakes, breads, ice cream, confectioneries and candies
• Pulp – which can be processed into oil, vegetable dishes, pickles and the waste product can be used as animal feeds.
• Resin – used as raw materials in the production of pharmaceuticals, lacquer, varnish, adhesives and Manila elemi
• Resinous substance which oozes from a cut bark – elemi – distilled products have wide industrial applications
(Leaves and Tree)
Leaves – Salad relishes (young pili leaves eaten as salad)