at the beginning of the so-called "enlightened" age of human study which began in the 1800's, a very critical mistake was scholars and amateur archaelogists which, like all acadamia, still continues uncorrected today. european man as he "discovered" the past went in with preconceived notions of his own superior knowledge. as far as the modern man was concerned, his society was the pinnacle of humanity. he could not possibly conceive of any "less civilized" society not believing in a creator/god (or perhaps they had several gods - they were primitives, after all). and it never occurred to him that primitive peoples might have had sciences or an understanding on par with his own.
... after all, modern european man represented the height of the sciences and philosophy, didn't he?
so, all "study" was done from the bias of three points. 1) ancient people must be both primitive and ignorant. 2) ancient people must believe in gods. 3) the bible is an accurate record of history.
because of this critical areas of human history were ignored, rewritten to suit "contemporary" notions, or simply forgotten. but ancient man DID have a greater understanding of the universe, which modern man poo-poos, saying they couldn't possibly have any understanding of anything that wasn't beneath their feet, could they? they couldn't possibly have developed an understanding about life and how things happen which didn't involve believing that our god made them, could they?
i say, the ignorance of "modern man" is astounding.
there are almost forgotten words which indicate that at least for the peoples of the ancient world it was otherwise. word which predate monotheism, or polytheism.
pontus - cosmos [archaic]
(althernative) oceanus - cosmos
tethys - the milky way [archaic]
hellios - sun
uranus - sky or the heavens (in modern terms, earth's atmosphere)
gaia - earth
tartarus - the place souls go after death. described as the pit, or the abyss, equating it to pre-jewish babylonian sheol.
sol - sun
lucifer - light bearer (sun personified)
mut - cosmos
isi - sun
geb - earth
apsu - cosmos
tiamat - sun
sheol - the abyss, where souls traveled to between lives, ruled by a spirit king called abaddon.
AN AMAZING PIECE OF KNOWLEDGE! and an incredibly rare piece of human history.
although clay tablets containg this inscription (three duplicates have been found) have been dated from 700 - 1800 BC, look at what it describes! the creation of the solar system. we know NOW that planets are made from the material spun around by the sun as it rotated on it's axis, creating centrifugal forces - mingling the sun's gravity with the cosmos - which drew the dust together to form worlds.
but look at the last line - " when of the gods none had been called into being". the writer of this tablet was telling us that no "god" created the solar system. a reminder that the ancient babylonians did not believe in the existence of gods.
ea - cosmos
anu - sky/heavens
nlil - air
nkig - water
em - earth
unfortutely, the propaganda which goes with creating a following for an new religion - jewism - which insists that their "god" created everything, means that what the peoples of the ancient world knew and understood had to be either proclaimed "evil" and "against god" or incorporated in some way into their own beliefs and customs. and "modern man" fell into the trap of presuming that it was right and had always been thus instead of looking beyond the rhetoric.
and in doing this, hid the true name of christ. in matthew 1:23 it is written "Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us."
in interpreting the bible, scholars presumed this to be the recorded name to be merely a title or vague reference and at best Immanuel". and throughout the bible "Jesus" is used - despite this being a greek word - which furhter confused the truth.
"jesus" is the intrepreted english version of "Iesous", a greek word meaning "son of zeus". this was the greek title equivalent to "son of god". the greek religion was polytheistic. and zeus was consider the father of the gods. if the greeks were going to call the saviour the son of god, then in their language it would become "son of zeus". this was no insult, simply the equivalent reverence shown. the greek followers of christ BELIEVED.
but then what was the name given to christ at his birth. look again at matthew's "Emmanuel". it was presumed to be a variation of the "Immanuel", and therefore "jesus" was given as meaning the same - "god is with us."
but look again- "EMANUEL", as a sumerian word! earth:sky/heaven:lord. LORD OF EARTH AND HEAVEN. christ's true name, as given him by the archangel gabriel.