EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage)


At Alburgh with Denton Primary School we follow the principles of the Early Years Foundation Stage, which lasts up until the end of your child’s first year at school.  It is based on the Statutory Framework for EYFS”. This document enables practitioners to assess the child’s development against age related bands, rather than in the past when it was assessed against ability bands.  In order to help us assess your child’s learning, we keep Special Books for each child, with their work, photos, anything relevant – and you get to keep these at the end of the year.  We welcome any contributions from home, such as photos, children’s work or postcards.

The principles are that every child is unique and, with the right approach can develop into a confident self-assured adult.  Through POSITIVE RELATIONSHIPS with their parents, carers and key workers, a child can become independent and strong.

Through ENABLING ENVIRONMENTS we offer opportunities for your child to learn in whatever style suits them.   And through these principles, we enable your child to learn and develop in their own unique way and at their own rate.

The statutory areas of learning are divided into two sections – the prime areas and the specific areas. There are 3 prime areas.  Firstly, Personal, Social and Emotional development – teaching the child to become more self-confident and independent; to help then make and build relationships; to know and recognise their own needs; to dress and undress independently; to manage feelings and behaviour and tell the difference between right and wrong. Secondly, Physical Development - We support children’s healthy development, providing opportunities for using a range of large and small equipment.  Help them to develop a sense of space and encourage balance. And we teach them practical skills such as handling equipment and tools effectively, using both fine and gross motor skills. Thirdly, Communication and Language – encouraging children to develop conversational skills, develop listening and concentration skills and enabling children to express themselves and understand instructions.

We then have four specific areas of development to concentrate on. Naturally, Literacy – which consists of reading and writing.  We teach your child to continue a rhyming string, to link sounds and letters, then to segment sounds in words and blend sounds together leading up to reading words and simple sentences.  We encourage your child to develop pencil control and make marks on paper, which leads on to communicating meaning through clearly identifiable letters and being able to string these words together to make sentences.  MATHS is another specific area – we support children’s understanding of number, helping them to count initially up to ten and then beyond.  We encourage the use of simple mathematical words such as greater, smaller, heavier, etc.  We support children’s understanding of shape and size, using 2D and 3D shapes, and develop their mathematical skills in comparing and sorting objects.  We will also be teaching them the basics of using money and telling the time.

UNDERSTANDING THE WORLD is the Foundation Stage equivalent of the humanities (History, Geography) Science, Technology, and we introduce these topics into our everyday learning, for instance learning about knights and castles, playing with snow and cookery, as well as regular use of laptops.

Finally, EXPRESSIVE ARTS AND DESIGN – involves artwork with various textures and materials, enables the child to experiment with colour, design, pattern. We encourage them to develop an interest in music, singing, music-making and dancing, which in turn develop their confidence and imagination.

These areas are all taught through your child’s own Characteristics of effective learning – we do not sit the children down at a desk for hours on end.  They learn in this year by playing and exploring, active learning and creating and thinking critically.

We use the early years learning journal called Tapestry. This is an online app/website which allows parents to log on and view all the observations of their child which the staff add on weekly and to make comments on. It also allows parents to add observations from home to really strengthen the parent-teacher relationship to support the children in the best way possible.

Please click here for more information about the EYFS on the DfE Foundation Years website