NOTES for Module 3


NEW THAT’S ENGLISH. Module 3

043.31a   Do you enjoy working here?

Grammatical aspects:

  • TENSES: contrast between the Present Simple and the Present Continuous

Vocabulary:

  • Habits (bad habits), I never work at night, Days off, I never work at night, barmaid, cooking is not an easy job, unfriendly, to play loud music, hotel inspectors, a five-star hotel, well done!
  • Things you are doing now: We are writing our report, why are you lying on the floor, they’re having a great time

Functions:

  • Talking about habits
  • Describing what someone is doing

044.31b   It’s time to get up

Grammatical aspects:

  • The Street (it’s time to get up): He likes doing the same things at the same time, my mug of tea, to catch the 8.30 bus

Vocabulary:

  • flyer for a show, it’s a blast! (es un desmadre // “The party turned into a real blast”), the other big event, they perform in many different places, performer, daily routines during the Festival, many drama students, he gives out flyers      

That’s Britain:

  • Edinburgh Tattoo (Military parades) & Edinburgh Festival

045.32a   I remember when you were born

Grammatical aspects:

  • TENSES: Past Simple   

Vocabulary:

  • Talking about past experiences, family reunion, what a good idea!, boarding school, we got lost, ordering food, before she died she was always..., he didn’t know where he was
  • Moods and feelings: annoyed, sad, brilliant, happy, nervous, relaxed, tired, angry, he’s in love

Functions:

  • Expressing duration (for six months)
  • Describing past experiences (before, after, when)

046.32b   Life is not always easy

Grammatical aspects:

  • Talking about the past.

Vocabulary:

  • Students in Britain: she moved away from her home city to study in another city, to miss home/relatives, to join societies, night out, it’s easy to keep in touch, halls of residence, I moved off campus, looking after myself, learn to be independent, share a kitchen, to live on your own
  • The shopkeeper (The Street), remember to do all the things, worldwide, the close sign, lock the door, turn on the burglar alarm, turn off the lights, go to bed, the bread tray, moody and miserable, to share the bill   

That’s Britain:

  • Brighton : studying at university

047.33a   How can I improve my English?

Grammatical aspects:

  • Present Continuous

Vocabulary:

  • Learning languages: to be good/bad at..., What else?, bus timetable, keep going
  • I’m sorry. Would speak slowly?, Would you say that again?    

Functions:

  • Asking for permission (giving and refusing): CAN/MAY  >>  May I listen? May we join you? Can we help you with your homework? Yes, of course  /  No, I’m afraid, you can’t.
  • Giving advice: You shouldn’t worry about making mistakes, You should go to classes
  • Expressing necessity: NEED TO >>  I need to make a phone call.

048.33b   Can you understand me?

Grammatical aspects:


Vocabulary:

  • Students in Britain, host family, outgoing, make friends, Who does Borja speak English with? (Brighton), courses from beginner to advanced, classmates, I chose to study German, Arabic

The Street / Ben & Beth:

  • The Queen’s English, a regional accent (the London accent), a terrible snob, I hope so, I can hardly understand a word he says.
  • You sound great, a nice compliment

049.34a What’s the matter?

Grammatical aspects:

  • Past Simple & USED TO for past events and habits.

Vocabulary:

  • Health.-  pay a visit to the doctor, make an appointment with the doctor. Are you feeling OK? No, I feel terrible. Pharmacy, medicine, I’m quitting smoking, I stopped smoking last year, unhealthy, vitamins, aspirin, antibiotics, painkiller, you must give up..., it’s hard to stop smoking, I’m sorry to hear that
  • Illness / disease.- flu, accident, a sore throat, sneezing (Bless you!), a cough, a headache, to fall off the bike, I broke my arm and hurt my back, I twisted my ankle, I’ve got a terrible pain in my neck, I cut my head and my hands, a terrible cold, I got really fat, chest infection, I’ve got a pain in my knees and ankles, to have a temperature, fever, pneumonia, to feel anxious, stressed     
  • What’s the matter? , What happened to you? , How are you feeling today? , a prescription for some antibiotics , you must take the day off, have a good rest

Functions:

  • Expressing obligation: must & have to  >>  You must eat healthy food, you have to wait until the doctor calls your name
  • Giving advice: should

050.34b Fit and healthy

Grammatical aspects:


Vocabulary:

  • Health & NHS (National Health System).- GP (General Practitioner), a specialist, surgery, the NHS is public and free, I felt unwell, I was really struggling, it goes back on a long time, actually
  • She referred me to the specialist at the hospital, Within a month I was being seen at the hospital by the specialist, who recommended me to... , the best course of action, treatment, an operation, tablets, doctors work on different times and days, to explain the history of her illness
  • A walk in centre (centro de atención primaria), serious illness, they are understaffed (falta de personal), How do you keep fit and healthy? I keep fit and healthy by going to the gym, to go roller skating

The Street / Ben & Beth:

  • Hypochondriac, going to the chemist’s, toothache, Do you want any breakfast? York (going shopping), feel my forehand, I’m not feeling so bad, He’s pretending to be ill

051.35a   Where do you want to go?

Grammatical aspects:

  • Questions in the present simple, present continuous, simple past  >>   Where? , How long?, How much? How often?, Why?

Vocabulary:

  • Travelling: A travel brochure, I want to go abroad, three weeks of sunshine, travel agent’s (travel agency), we want to book a holiday, travel by car/boat/plane/ underground/bike/train/donkey (on horseback), go on foot, Do you have to check in hand-luggage?, boarding, take off, landing, fasten your seat belts
  • Sorry to disturb you, He doesn’t like French food, he hates flying, There are a lot of Italians in Italy     

Functions:

  • Asking for information: How often are there flights to Edinburgh? There are three flights every day
  • Frequency expressions: every, once an hour, twice a week, three times a month      

052.35b   Have you got your boarding pass?

Grammatical aspects:


Vocabulary:

  • Commuting to work (commuters), perhaps her train is delayed, overcrowded, rush hour, he lives 90 km from London, a better quality of life,
  • I try to avoid the rush hour by taking trains that are slightly later than the normal businessmen would take, you can catch up with a bit of sleep
  • Countryside, seaside

The Street / Ben & Beth:

  • Does Chandra make a reservation?, everything is under control, toothbrush, passport, phone charger, did you check in on line? Which terminal do we have to go to?, see you in the taxi

053.36a    What a lovely necklace!  

Grammatical aspects:

  • Exclamative sentences: How superb!, How wonderful/amazing!  What an amazing dress!
  • COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES    

Vocabulary:

  • Fashion and shopping for clothes: trainers, earrings, fashionable. They’re very nice, indeed! They’re reduced. They’ve got a 50% off. Wool, cotton, too long, too loose, too large, smarter, more formal, tight enough. Casual/formal clothes.
  • SUIT, FIT, MATCH: They suit you. These are celebrities. I don’t know what to do. They haven’t got any clothes to wear. You need to find some more clothes. You have to go shopping with ordinary people. What about this shirt? It’s the coolest shirt. You look wonderful. Latest news.     

Functions:

  • Expressing admiration (Exclamative sentences) & Making comparisons  

054.36b   I like to look my best

Grammatical aspects:

  • LIKE, LOVE...+ V-ing , NEED TO (you need to have a good eye for fashion) 

Vocabulary:

  • Personal shopper, she’s working for clients, a good eye for fashion, she knows what clothes suit her client, she loves going shopping every day, Camdem market, comfy clothes, a grey khaki sort of colours, smart clothes, casual clothes

The Street / Ben & Beth:

  • To look his best, this shirt goes with my plain suit, waistcoat, I always look myself in the mirror, to throw away the clothes you don’t wear, to sort them (my clothes) out and take it to a charity shop.
  • To give away clothes

055.37a  They are as friendly as you

Grammatical aspects:

  • Comparison of equality (This tea is as nice as usual / almost as good as you / he’s as quiet as a mouse) and inferiority (Today’s crossword is less difficult than yesterday’s)

Vocabulary:

  • Neighbours, wild parties, good manners, friendly, helpful, very elderly
  • We’re both pensionists

Functions:

  • Showing interest (Really?) and sympathy (I’m very sorry to hear that, I feel sorry for you // Oh, no!)

056.37b   Are you a good neighbour?

Grammatical aspects:

  • NEED TO, HAVE TO: You really have to meet them, they need to buy..., I hope they don’t need to move

Vocabulary:

  • Do you get on with your next-door neighbours? Terraced/block of flats/semi-detached houses, be sensitive, a close relationship, to be considerate (to think about your neighbours) , we depend on each other for a lot of things     

The Street / Ben & Beth:

  • She’s a gossip, her latest illness, I’m sorry for her, what a life!, he spends all his money on clothes, he’s very vain, they moved in

057.38a   What are your New Year’s resolutions?

Grammatical aspects:

  • FUTURE TENSES: Future Simple for instant decisions (I’ll have a gin and tonic), Present Continuous with future meaning for arrangements and immediate plans (We are having a drink at the pub with some friends), Future Continuous for formal situations in arrangements (This weekend I’ll be studying, I’ll be attending a religious assembly), GOING TO future for plans, intentions and personal decisions such as New Year’s resolutions (I’m going to lose some weight, I’m going to take up photography)

Vocabulary:

  • New Year’s resolutions, New Year’s Eve/Day, they are such a lovely couple      

Functions:

  • Making invitations (What would you like to drink?) and replying to these invitations (Yes, I’d love to come with you, I’ll have a gin and tonic, please. / I’d like to have a coke)

058.38b   What are you doing this weekend?

Grammatical aspects:

  • FUTURE TENSES: Present Continuous with future meaning for arrangements and GOING TO future for plans, intentions and personal decisions such as New Year’s resolutions.

Vocabulary:

  • Hogmanay: New Year’s Eve in Scotland, a kilt, a lump/piece of coal, First footing, two Scots, public street party
  • New Year’s resolutions: stop eating sweets/candy, to not eat so many sweets, to be better, to smoke less   

The Street / Ben & Beth:

  • Making plans, personal decisions & arrangements for New Year’s resolutions: I’m going to start a new life, What a mess!, No wonder I can’t find a job, I’m going to sort out my room, How about this Wednesday?
  • Today I’m going to have my hair cut / to have a haircut

059.39a I’ve done it my way

Grammatical aspects:

  • Tenses: PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE  (Narrating past experiences)

Vocabulary:

  • Lifetime achievements  >>>  making your dreams come true, to go on holiday, school reunion (a meeting of old school partners), I’ve travelled to Berlin today, I’ve never met the king of Sweden, a beach house in Cornwall
  • I haven’t studied for a university degree. You haven’t, either. Have you ever bought a house in cash? Have we ever been to your house?    
  • I wanted a challenge, How nice!, you were the first to get married, I feel proud of my university degree, to raise money for charity

060.39b  Did your dreams come true?

Grammatical aspects:

  • Present Perfect Simple

Vocabulary:

  • Women’s football team – Crystal Palace  >>>  ambitions. The job of her dreams, to change my mind, PE teacher, I think about football 24/7, social work, What’s the most exciting thing you have ever done? , diving with sharks, skydiving
  • What a great combination!
The Street / Ben & Beth:
  • Weightlifter, I’ve never stopped doing exercise
  • Bored, fed up, try to get him out of this mood
 

061.310a  How long have you worked in a bar?

Grammatical aspects:

  • Present Perfect Simple (i)
  • Expressing duration: FOR / SINCE, ALREADY / YET, STILL

Vocabulary:

  • Looking for a job: job advert, have you ever worked in a ski resort?, have you written your CV?, to do Pilates, to work long hours
  • Since 2010/I passed my test/your birthday party    For weeks/almost an hour    we haven’t got any news yet.    We’ve already been to the interview.
  • What a shame!, what a pity!, how nice!   Don’t give up! Keep your options open! Keep going!    

Functions:

  • Narrating experiences using START & BEGIN (both of them can be followed by –ING form or the TO-infinitive)

062.310b  I’ve worked here since 2010

Grammatical aspects:


Vocabulary:

  • Finding a job: I saw a notice on the window of a shop. A CV (a Curriculum Vitae) / a résumé (a bit shorter than a CV)
  • Skills to work in a café, applicant, I’m still trying to figure out what kind of job I’d like to do, Any job will do, what jobs are the most popular?, recruitment agencies, call centres, accounting
  • What are you up to?
The Street / Ben & Beth:
  • A part-time job,  a lollipop lady, a paper girl/boy,  a street cleaner, she has to deliver newspapers
  • The boss






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