CONDITIONAL SENTENCES


CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

A. Put the verbs in brackets into the suitable tense, but first think which type of Conditional Sentence it is (...), that is: REAL, HYPOTHETICAL & IMPOSSIBLE/UNREAL.

1. Sue has lost her watch, so (let) _______________ me know if you (find) __________ it.  ...................................

2. What (you, do) ___________________ if you (find) ___________________ a wallet full of money? ............................................

3. Albert (be) __________________ really angry if I (not bring) _____________________ a composition every three weeks. That’s why I do it. ......................................

4. What (you, do) _______________________ if you (be) _____________________  bitten by a snake when you were in the jungle? ..............................................

5. You (Modal verb + cycle) _____________________ to school if you miss the bus. ..............................................

6. If my brother were offered a job, I think he (accept) _________________ it.  .................................

7. I (lend) ___________________ her the money if she had asked me for it. ...............................

8. You will go to wedding if you (buy) _____________________ a new suit.  ................................

9. I would make adventure films if I (be) _________________ an actor.   .........................................

10. (not get) ________________ scared if you come across a bear. Just (be) _________________ quiet and he (go) _________________ away.  .............................

 

B. Finish the sentences with your own ideas.

1. If you studied every day, ...................................................................

2. I’d feel very happy if ......................................................................

3. If I had discovered America, ..................................................................

4. I’ll stay at home if ................................................................

5. Would you mind if ......................................................................?


C. Expressing regrets with I WISH I WERE.... /  I WISH I HAD BEEN...

Examples: I wish Albert weren’t so grumpy!  //  I wish Ramos had scored the penalty (Unfortunately he didn’t and Spain had to play against Italy)

1. Alex lives in Itrabo and has to go to the music school in Motril twice a week. It takes him more than 3 hours. Alex: “I wish......................................................... in Motril” , “I wish .......................................... a music school in Itrabo” , “I wish...... (begin my music studies, when I was 7 years old”.

2. I don’t have the key. I wish ........................ , I wish (forget the key at home) ............. , I wish (someone at home now)

3. I want to pass my B2 this year. I wish I (study more) ................, I wish (pass my B1 last year) ................., I wish (more comments on Albert’s blog) ..................., I wish (go on Albert’s study trips to the British Isles) .........

4. The park gates are locked. I wish (open)......., I wish (go for a walk in the park now) ..............., I wish (someone, open the gates, before I arrived) ..........

5. The letter was posted a week ago and it arrived yesterday. I wish (post it before) ............., I wish (the postal service, faster) ........................, I wish (send a whatsapp instead)....................

6. We have started our new school year. I wish (the summer, not finish) ................., I wish (be still on holiday) ..............., I wish (be lying on the beach in Hawaii) ..............

D. ADVANCED. Put the verbs in brackets into the suitable tense. Pay attention to the exceptions.

1. If Ron’s parents hadn’t died when he was so young, he and his sister (not be brought up) ____________________ by their grandparents.

2. I (grow) _______________ vegetables now if I had bought a big house with a garden.

3. I (phone) _________________ last night if I had had your phone number.

4. Helen (register) ________________ in French at the Official Language School if she (like) ______________________ French, but she hates it.

5. Why (Sue/resign) ___________________________ from her job if she knew she could get a promotion and a pay rise?

6. Bill got to the station in time to catch his train. If he (miss) _____________________ it, he (be) ________________________ late for his interview.

7. It always happens the same. Albert (get) ___________________ angry if  we (not do) __________________ the exercises.

8. If you had come home from the party earlier, you (not feel) __________________ sleepy now.

9. You got lost. But why (not find) _____________________________ the way if you (have) ________________________ a map with you? I can’t understand it.

10. If you (freeze) ____________________ water, it (turn) _________________ to ice.

E. Expressing WISHES. When you want something to be different or to happen in a different way, especially when referring to the future and when you want a certain habit to change.

Example: Albert always sends loads of homework. I wish he wouldn’t send us so much homework!!

1. It is raining!!! I wish it (stop) ....................... raining so that I could play tennis, but I don’t think so.

2. I have been phoning my girlfriend for hours, but she hasn’t replied yet. I wish she (pick up) ........................... the phone.

3. Teenagers don’t always wear helmets. I wish they (wear) ..................... every time they go on bicycle or on their mopeds. There would be fewer serious accidents.

4. Edward always sits on his own. I wish he (sit) ............................ next to any of his classmates.

5. Students don’t usually do the listening exercises. Albert: I wish they (listen) ....................... to all the exercises I provide them with.


G. Put the verb into the correct form

1. I didn’t know Albert was born in Germany. If I (know)  ________________ that before the trip to Germany, I (ask) _____________________ for places to visit.

2. Mr Kelly got to the station in time to catch the bus to Granada. If (miss)  ________________ it, he (be)  ________________ late for his interview.

3. (you, remind)  ________________ me about your brother’s birthday if we (decide)  ________________  not to fly to Dublin on Thursday?

4. I’m not tired. If I (be)  ______________ tired now, I (go)  ______________ to bed.

5. My teacher (be) _____________________ much better if he (not send) __________________ so much homework.

6. (bring) __________________ me the newspaper if the paper boy (not come) __________________ before midday.

7. If water (reach) ____________________ a temperature of 100ºC, it (boil) _______________________

8. I don’t think I (pass) _____________________ the exam if I (not study) ______________________

H. Write a CONDITIONAL SENTENCE for each situation.

1. I wasn’t thirsty, so I didn’t drink anything.  >>  …………………………………

2. The accident happened because the driver in front fell asleep.  >>   …………………

3. You didn’t anything for lunch – that’s why you are hungry now.   >>>    ..............…

4. I can’t buy a new car because I haven’t got enough money.   >>>   ..............................

I. Imagine that you are in these situations. Write sentences with ‘I WISH’.

1. You’ve eaten too much and now you feel sick. You say: …………………………

2. There’s a job advertised in the newspaper which requires that you are fluent in English. You say: …………………………

3. When you were younger, you didn’t learn to play a musical instrument. Now your regret this. You say: …………………………

4. You can’t see the photos because your computer is broken. You say: …………………………

5. It’s raining and you have a tennis match in two hours. You say: …………………………


J. Translate the following sentences into English.

1. Te daré un cuaderno si lo encuentro.

2. Si fuman en un compartimento de no fumadores, los otros pasajeros protestarán.

3. Si tú friegas los vasos en agua hirviendo, se romperán.

4. Si ves a Tom, pídele que me telefonee.

5. Si él gana la carrera, le darán un premio.

6. Si yo le diera a ella un anillo de diamantes, ella lo vendería.

7. Si me despertara y encontrara la habitación llena de humo, yo no tendría ninguna idea de lo que hacer.

8. Si él saliera con otra chica, yo me moriría.

9. Perderías peso si te pusieras a dieta.

10. Si alguien te dijera: "Te daré un beso si me das un reloj", ¿qué harías?

11. Si apruebas tu examen lo celebraremos.

12. Si aprieto este botón, ¿qué pasará?

13. Tú jugarías mejor si no hablaras tanto.

14. Si condujeras despacio, tú no tendrías tantos accidentes.

15. Si él estuviera en casa, contestaría el teléfono.

16. Si ella deja el pescado encima de la mesa, el gato se lo comerá.

17. Si hubieras aprendido más rápido, no habrías tenido ningún problema.

18. Tú habrías gritado si hubieses encontrado la puerta cerrada.

19. Si el agua alcanza una temperatura de cero grados, se congela.

20. Si no te sintieras bien mañana, ella te lo diría.

21. Si vuestro teléfono no funciona, podéis usar el mío.

22. Si yo hubiera trabajado toda la noche, habría terminado a tiempo.

23. Si ella hubiera pagado, nadie le habría dicho nada.

24. Si no me crees, pregúntale a tu padre.

25. Si me hacéis los ejercicios bien, os daré un caramelo.





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