1º Bachillerato


     Extra-homework for the last weeks  

Exercises on the difference between the PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE AND THE PAST SIMPLE:

Match the sentences 1-10 with suitable contexts a-j.

1. My parents have lived in London for three years.      a. There's a good film on this week.
2. My parents lived in London three years.                      b. The students are still waiting for the teacher.
3. Have you eaten breakfast?                                               c. It is eight o'clock in the morning.
4. Did you eat breakfast?                                                      d. It is eight o'clock at night.
5. I hope you have enjoyed the party.                                 e. The party has just finished or is just about to finish.
6. I hope you enjoyed the party.                                          f. There was a good film on last night.
7. The teacher hasn't come.                                                  g. They live in London now.
8. The teacher didn't come.                                                  h. The party was last week.
9. Have you seen that film?                                                  i. The students waited for the teacher and the lesson is now over. 
10. Did you see that film?                                                      j. They lived there from 1980 to 1983.

Use the correct form of the verbs in brackets + FOR, SINCE, AGO (...) in the following sentences.

1. I (not speak) ___________________ to her .............. she (go) ___________ to London.
2. He (leave) ______________ school three years ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, , then he (work) _____________ in France .............. a few months before coming back to England.
3. She (have) ______________ a headache .................. she (get) _____________ up this morning.
4. How long (you know) _________________ him? ................... I (be) ____________ ten years old.
5. I (be) _____________ here ..................... an hour! Where (you be) ________________?
6. He (just get) _________________ a new job, and he's going to work in the States ............... two years.
7. I (have) _____________ this car ................. six years, and it (never break down) ______________.
8. It's two weeks ............... I last (see) ______________ him.

EXCLAMATIVE SENTENCES + SO / SUCH

  • WHAT is used in exclamative sentences when it is followed by a NOUN or a NOUN PHRASE. It works exactly the same as SUCH.

Examples: What a (big) house he has bought!     >>>   He has bought such a (big) house.

                    What an (easy) exam we had at the Official Language School in Motril!   >>>  We had such an (easy) exam....

                    What (good) basketball players we have in Spain!    >>>   We have such (good) basketball players in Spain.

                    What (good) wine they make in Itrabo!    >>>  They make such (good) wine in Itrabo.

  • HOW is used in exclamative sentences when it is followed by an ADJECTIVE or an ADVERB. It works exactly the same as SO.

Examples: How expensive it is the car you bought!    >>>  The car you bought is so expensive.

                    How carefully Fernando Alonso drives when it rains!    >>>>   Fernando Alonso drives so carefully when it rains.

  • Remember you can also use SO with NOUNS when talking about quantity. In that case you will need MUCH & MANY depending on the noun.

Examples: We have got so many books to read and so much homework to do this year.

Some sentences to translate into English:

1. ¡Qué bien canta mi primo!

2. ¡Qué canción tan bonita él canto en la fiesta!

3. ¡Qué ejercicio!

4. ¡Qué ejercicio tan fácil estamos haciendo!

5. ¡Qué frío hace en Ítrabo!

6. ¡Qué buen queso hacen en Holanda!

7. ¡Qué buenos futbolistas hay en Holanda!


Complete the exclamative sentences and then fill in the gaps with SO & SUCH+articles if needed.

1. ___________ unreliable McLaren is! Yes, but Alonso drove ……….… carelessly that he crashed it.

2. __________ tasty ham they have in Trevelez! They have …………. good conditions there.

3. _____________ funny this film is! Well, the actors aren’t ………… funny.

4. _____________ fast Usain Bolt runs! He is ………… fast runner.       


Finally, have a look at this post in my blog Neither trekking nor just climbing... it is actually running in the Alps!!!!  , where you can find a link to a page where there are loads of exercises about this issue.


Do you want to revise the exclamative  sentences, SO & SUCH?

 HERE you have got some exercises and the self-correction.


VERY USEFUL FOR YOUR ORAL INTERACTIONS

Someone may tell you:

  • "I think Spain is the best football national team in Europe."               

                       

    Possible replies: "I think so,too" / "I don't think so"        

  • "Spain will have good results in the next Olympic Games in Río."  

    Possible replies: "I hope so" /  A French supporter: "I hope not"

  • "Will Albert be at school in September?"     

    Possible replies: "I suppose so", "I guess so", "I expect so", the Maths teacher: "I hope so, because he has to drive me home."/ "I don't suppose so", "I suppose not", "I guess not", Álvaro: "I hope not"

 

Exercise for you to do  >>>

1. You hate mushrooms. A: “Has your brother ordered a pizza with mushrooms?” B: (hope)

1. You hate mushrooms. A: “Has your brother ordered a pizza with mushrooms?” B: (hope)

2. Del Bosque is too old to be our national team coach. A: “Do you think he will resign?” B: (guess)

3. You are almost sure there will be an exercise on tenses in the next English exam. A: “Will Albert ask about tenses in the next exam?” B: (think)    A bad student: (afraid)     A good student: (hope)

4. A: “Will the exam be difficult?   B: (suppose)    A bad student: (hope)     A good student: (think)

5. Your mother is at home cooking. A: “Is dinner ready?”   B: (expect)  because she has been cooking all the afternoon      (afraid)  because she hasn’t called us yet.

//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////


Rewrite these sentences using a different structure buy saying the same (sometimes the beginnings of your sentences are given):

1. My brother had the habit of playing handball when he was at school.

2. Melissa has planned to go to Malaysia next summer.

3. She has already booked her flights for the 2nd June.

4. Astronomers do not write horoscopes. Horoscopes....

5. People say Cervantes was buried in a monastery in Madrid. Cervantes...

6. I tried very hard in the exam, but I didn’t pass. I did...

7. Who normally buys the food in your family? Who does...?

8. I don’t know what you have chosen. I don’t know your...

9. Takeshi got up late, so he was very late for work. If...

10. Ricky said: “I want to buy new plants for my garden”. Ricky said that...

11. The hotel receptionist: “Shall I get you a taxi?”. The hotel receptionist...

12. The customer: “I’m sorry. I have left all my luggage up in my room”. The customer....

13. She invited me to come with her. She: “....”

14. It’s important to go to the film premiere. We...

15. It’s advisable to hire bodyguards. You...

16. It’s necessary to watch people carefully. You...

17. My parents want to hire someone to repair the roof this summer. My parents are...

18. It’s not safe to go out on your own at night. You...

19. It is not necessary to leave yet. The limousine hasn’t arrived yet. You...

20. Perhaps I’ll go to Los Angeles this summer. I.....

21. It’s impossible that John is at the concert because he said he wasn’t going. John...

22. I’m certain Ben is at school now. Ben...

23. The hot dog was huge. It’s impossible he ate it all. He....

24. I had a feeling of fright when I saw the bear in the middle of the forest. I ...

25. He managed to get to the summit in less than five hours. He was...

26. What time is it? I don't know....

27. We arranged to fly from Malaga airport on 25th December. We....


EXERCISE 1: Rewrite the following sentences so that they do not change the meaning of the original sentences.


1. I can't come because I have to look after my neighbour's children.

- If I .....................................................................................................................................................

2."I wouldn't go swimming on a day like this, if I were you , Tom" -

Brian advised........................................................................................................................................

3. I haven't been to the dentist for two years.

- It is ..................................................................................................................................................

4. People say that he has been all over the world.

- He is ..................................................................................................................................................

5. I have to write letters , but I hate it.

- I hate........................................................................................................................................................

6.We went out in spite of the heavy rain.

- Although ....................................................................................................................................................

7. It's nearly twenty years since my father saw his brother.

- My father.........................................................................................................................................

8."You stole the money, Joe, didn't you!" said the inspector.

- The inspector accused.......................................................................................................................

9.Although I admire Shakespeare's comedies, I cannot agree that they are any superior to his tragedies.

-In spite of...............................................................................................................................................

10.He gave me a lift to the station and I didn’t miss the train.

- If...........................................................................................................................................................

11.When was America first discovered, Peter?" Mary asked.

- Mary asked..........................................................................................................................................

12.If he doesn't start work right away, he 'll never finish it.

- Unless...................................................................................................................................................... .

13.The last time I played tennis was in 1990.

-I haven't.................................................................................................................................................... .

14. “Have you seen my brother recently?” he asked me..

- He asked me ............................................................................................................................................ .

15.“Could you wait in the reception, please?” she asked me.

- She asked me ......................................................................................................................................... .

16. Terry will get over his illness. Then his work will be improved.

-Once.............................................................................................................................................................. .

17.There will be someone to meet you on arrival.

- When ......................................................................................................................................................... .

18. She read this letter and burst into tears.

-As soon as.................................................................................................................................................. .

19.I didn’t know about John’s departure.

- I didn’t know when ................................................................................................................................ .

20.When you phoned me, it was my lunch time.

-When you phoned me, I.......................................................................................................................... .

21. I started working for the company three years ago and now I’m still working here.

- I’ve ................................................................................................................................................... .

22.David went home before we arrived.

-When we................................................................................................................................................ .

23.I’ve only recently started wearing glasses.

-I didn’t …………………………………………………………………................................................................. .

24.I haven’t been to the cinema for two years.

-The last time ………………………………………………………………............................................................. .

25.How long have Helen and Robert been married?

-When …………………………………………………………………................................................................... .

26.My responsibility is to take out the garbage every day.

- I am ................................................................................................................................................ .

27.The misunderstanding was my fault., so I apologize.

- I apologized ...................................................................................................................................................

28.She won the tournament, so I congratulated her.

-I congratulated her ....................................................................................................................................


EXERCISE 2: Put each verb in brackets into a suitable tense.

1. While I ( try) _________ to get my car started, a passing car (stop) _________ and the driver (offer) _________ to help.

2. The police (pay) _________ no attention to Clare’s complaint because she (phone) _________ them so many times before.

3. Mary (not wear) _________ her glasses at that time, so she (not notice) _________ what kind of car the man (drive) _________.

4. Tony (admit) _________ that he (hit) _________ the other car, but said that he (not damage) _________it.

5. Helen (feel) _________ tired, and while she (learn) _________ the lessons, she (fall) _________ asleep.

6. Before that sport event at the Olympic Games 2004, no-one (hear) _________ of him.

7. Someone (eat) _________ all the cakes. I’ll have to buy some more.

8. My throat is really sore. I (sing) _________ all evening.

9. George (not be ) _________ back until six. Can you take a message?

10. By the time we reach home, the rain ( stop) _________.


EXERCISE 3: Write the correct form of word given in each sentence.

1. Nowadays there is a _________ of kinds of families and living conditions besides the traditional ones. (DIVERSE)

2. My younger brother is very _________. He is willing to do what I ask. (OBEY)

3. It’s my _________ to look after my parents when they are old. (RESPONSIBLE )

4. Their _________ towards me shows that they love me a lot. (BEHAVE)

5. We will meet each other at the _________ room of Green Hotel. (RECEIVE)

6. They always value the close tie in human _________ shown in the villagers’ ways of living. (RELATED)

7. Their change of the plan is strange but I don’t think it’s _________. (SIGNIFY)

8. Being deaf and dumb makes _________ very difficult. (COMMUNICATE)

9. Telephone is one of the _________ means of communication. (MARVEL)

10. My father had a telephone _________ in his car. (INSTALL)

11. They have just had a(n) _________ with the manager about his decision. (ARGUE)

12. Ten minutes is a _________ length of time for a call. (REASON)

13. Find a job and end _________ on your parents. (DEPEND)

14. Ten of the _________ failed in that examination. (EXAMINE)

15. We received more than 100 _________ for this vacancy. (APPLY)

16. Our life is better and better thanks to the _________ science and technology. (ADVANCE)

17. No student in our class gets _________ treatment from our form teacher. (PREFER)

18. Try not to be too _________ when you are not offered this job. (DISAPPOINT)

19. To persuade the interviewer you should ask your professor for a letter of _________. (RECOMMEND)

20. Vietnam is one of the _________ countries in the world. (AGRICULTURE)

21. There is no _________ of water in this region now. (SHORT)

22. Inventing the first generator was one of Faraday’s _________. (ACHIEVE)

23. Illiteracy has been _________ in most of the mountainous areas in Vietnam. (ELIMINATE)

24. _________ reforms must be carried out constantly in our country. (ECONOMY)

25. Our government has encouraged foreign and domestic private _________. (INVEST)


Other REWRITE exercises.


CAUSATIVE HAVE

I stood so close to the fire that I got my legs burnt.
EXERCISE 1
Rewrite these sentences using have or get.
1. The mechanic changed the oil in my car.
_______________________________________________________________________
2. The hairdresser cut my hair in a completely different style.
_______________________________________________________________________
3. A decorator has repainted our house.
_______________________________________________________________________
4. A friend of mine, who ́s an electrician, is going to repair my DVD player next week.
_______________________________________________________________________
5. My jacket is being cleaned at a specialist cleaner ́s.
_______________________________________________________________________
6. The town hall has just been rebuilt for the council.
_______________________________________________________________________
EXERCISE 2
Match a word from 1-8 with something that is done by that person or in that place. Then make
sentences using all the information and the verb in brackets.
You may have to change the words or add new ones. An example is given.
1. hairdresser ́s                                                   vaccinate dogs (have)
2. optician ́s                                                        do annual accounts (have)
3. dentist ́s                                                          service cars (get)
4. doctor ́s                                                           test eyes (have)
5. vet ́s                                                                  design new houses (have)
6. garage                                                              cut hair (get)
7. architect                                                          take out teeth (have)
8. accountant                                                     take blood pressure
Example:
1. Tomorrow I ́m going to the hairdresser ́s to get my hair cut.
2. Yesterday...
3. This afternoon...
4. Last week...
5. Next Saturday...
6. The day before yesterday...
7. Last year...
8. Next week...


REPORTED SPEECH other words (most of them make reference to time and place).

                            DIRECT SPEECH           >>>>>>>>>>>>            REPORTED SPEECH

                                 now     >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________

                                 today      >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________

                                 tonight     >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________

                                 tomorrow     >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________

                                 next week   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________

                                 yesterday    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________

                                 last week   >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________

                                here    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________

                                 two months ago    >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>  ____________________


              

UNIT 7. FALSE FRIENDS. Replace the underlined words with words from the list below.

anxious  ,  casual  ,  embarrassed  ,  miserable   ,   quiet

1. I'm worried about the history test.

2. You look sad. What's wrong?

3. You can wear informal clothes to the party if you want.

4. I felt self-conscious about my hand writing.


BAD BEHAVIOUR / COLLOCATIONS. Match words in A with words in B in order to form collocations. Then translate them.

A- break  ,  get  ,  miss  ,  take  ,  get

B- arrested  ,   drugs  ,   rules  ,  school  ,  into trouble


Two errors on page 25:  

- "Sophia, have you ever been in Australia before your family moved here?"

- When we arrived at the stadium, the tickets hadn't been sold out.   CHECK HERE.



Giving advice  >>> Watch this video about giving some advice to a foreign football player going to UK.




Millions of times, since you met your English teacher Albert long, long ago, you have heard him saying how important it would be for you to get your B1 at the Official Language School in Motril. Very few of you take into account granda's old story, although last year 18 of you succeeded (so perhaps times are changing!!!). Yesterday an old student of our school, who is now at university, sent me this email.



Hola! 


El primer día que vine a la facultad me acordé de usted, el profesor de química nos preguntó que cuántos de nosotros seríamos capaces de seguir una clase en inglés, y nos dijo que teníamos que entrar con un nivel B1 supuestamente. Trabajamos con una plataforma que es toda en inglés, problemas, preguntas, explicaciones y trabajos todo en inglés. Me alegro de haber seguido sus consejos y haberme sacado el B1 en bachillerato, porque ahora no tengo tiempo de nada!

¿Han introducido ya el examen oral en selectividad?  


Gracias! :)


So remember that at the beginning of April you will have the opportunity to register for the exam.



Listening & comprehension exercise 1. "Agony aunt" 

Text and you can download the Listening and the Dictation from the attachments (04 Pista 4.wma & 05 Pista 5.wma )    


Look up the word 'frothy' !! Interesting aspects to bear in mind.


FACING THE FUTURE

Three important documents to look up to make sure what your exams are worth in case you go to university:  1       3

These three documents are in the Files section.


We have had some really good VIDEO SKETCHES done by students of Mediterranean Sea Secondary School and some of them are really good from the point of view of the use of the English language, but in general we come to the conclusion that the most important thing is the effort most of the students have done to speak in English.  CONGRATULATIONS!!! Here's an example.



Do you want to revise the TENSES? Click HERE.