Publications: Present - 2008

Now available!

The Handbook of Attention (2015) The MIT Press

Cognition(2016).  Oxford Press.
Sinnett, S., Smilek, D. & Kingstone, A. 

Alan Kingstone, PhD, APS Fellow, FRSC
Professor / Distinguished University Scholar

Current & Recent Administrative Activities
2014-17   Social Sciences & Humanities Research Advisor, VPRI
2011-14   Head of Department of Psychology, UBC

        Barlab video

Some recent Media Links
Journals Edited
  • Kingstone, A. & Miller, MB (Eds.). The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience. Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences. 
  • Smilek, D., Sinnett, S., & Kingstone, A. (2013).  Cognition. Oxford Press.
  • Benjafield, J.G., Smilek, D. & Kingstone, A. (2010).  Cognition. Oxford Press.
Books (Edited)
  • Fawcett, J. M., Risko, E. F., & Kingstone, A. (2015).  The Handbook of AttentionThe MIT Press

  • Gibson, B. S., Folk, C. L., Theeuwes, J. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Attentional capture. Psychology Press. 
Papers / Chapters*
           2016 / In press
  • Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (In press). Are fixations in static natural scenes a useful predictor of attention in the real world?  Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. 
  • Kendall, L. N., Raffaelli, Q., Kingstone, A. & Todd, R. M. (In press). Iconic faces are not real faces: enhanced emotion detection and altered neural processing as faces become more iconic. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
  • Varao-Sousa, T. L., Solman, G. J. F. & Kingstone, A. (In press). Re-reading after mind wandering. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology. 
  • Laidlaw, K. E. W. & Kingstone, A. (2017). Fixations to the eyes aids in facial encoding; covertly attending to the eyes does not. Acta Psychologica, 173, 55-65.
  • Solman, G., Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2017). Eye and head movements are complementary in visual selection. Royal Society Open Science. DOI: 10.1098/rsos.160569
  • Anderson, N. C., Risko, E. F. & Kingstone, A. (2016). Motion influences gaze direction discrimination and disambiguates contradictory luminance cues. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23, 817-823. doi: 10.3758/s13423-015-0971-8 
  • Gallup, A. C., Risko, E. F. & Kingstone, A. (2016). Social presence diminishes contagious yawning in the laboratory. Scientific Reports, 6, 25045doi:10.1038/srep25045
  • Jarick, M. Laidlaw, K.E.W., Nasiopoulos, E. &  Kingstone, A. (2016). Eye contact affects attention more than arousal as revealed by prospective time estimation. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 78, 1302–1307.
  • Kingstone, A., Laidlaw, K.E.W., Nasiopoulos, E. &  Risko, E. F.  (2016)*. Cognitive ethology and social attention.  In Michel Tibayrenc & Francisco J. Ayala (Eds). On Human Nature: Evolution, Diversity, Psychology, Ethics, Politics and Religion.  Elsevier B.V.
  • Kuhn, G., Teszka, R., Tenaw, N. & Kingstone, A. (2016). Don't be fooled! Top-down inhibition of attentional orienting in response to social cues in face-to-face and video context. Cognition, 146, 136-142.
  • Laidlaw, K.E.W., Risko, E. F. & Kingstone, A.  (2016)*. Levels of complexity and the duality of gaze: How social attention changes from lab to life.  In Sukhvinder Obhi & Emily Cross (Eds.) Shared Representations: Sensorimotor Foundations of Social Life. Cambridge University Press.
  • Laidlaw, K.E.W., Rothwell, A. & Kingstone, A.  (2016). Camouflaged attention: Covert attention is critical to social communication in natural settings. Evolution & Human Behavior37, 449–455.
  • Laidlaw, K.E.W, Zhu, M.J. H. & Kingstone, A. (2016). Looking away: Distractor influences on saccadic trajectory and endpoint in prosaccade and antisaccade tasks. Experimental Brain Research, 234, 1637-1648. doi:10.1007/s00221-016-4551-6
    • Solman, G. J. F. & Kingstone, A. (2016). Arranging objects in space: Measuring task-relevant organizational behaviors during goal pursuit. Cognitive Sciencedoi: 10.1111/cogs.12391.
    • Street, C.N.H. & Kingstone, (2016). Aligning Spinoza with Descartes: An informed Cartesian account of the truth bias. British Journal of Psychologydoi:10.1111/bjop.12210
    • Wu, D.W.-L., DiGiacomo, A. Lenkic, P.J., Wong, V.K. & Kingstone, A. (2016). Being in a “green” building elicits “greener” recycling, but not necessarily “better” recycling. PLoS ONE 11(1): e0145737. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145737
    • Chisholm, J. D. & Kingstone, A. (2015). Action video game players' visual search advantage extends to biologically relevant stimuli. Acta Psychologica, 159, 93-99.
    • Jarick, M. & Kingstone, A. (2015). The duality of gaze: Eyes extract and signal social information during sustained cooperative and competitive dyadic gaze. Frontiers in Psychology, 6 (01423). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01423
    • Laidlaw, K.E.W., Badiudeen, T., Zhu, M.J., & Kingstone, A (2015). A fresh look at saccadic trajectories and task irrelevant stimuli:  Social relevance matters. Vision Research, 111, 82-90doi: 10.1016/j.visres.2015.03.024
    • Lanthier, S. N., Wu, D.W.-L., Chapman, C. S. & Kingstone, A. (2015). Resolving the controversy of the proportion validity effect (PVE): Volitional attention is not required, but may have an effect. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77, 2611-2621. doi: 10.3758/s13414-015-0956-8.
    • Nasiopoulos, E., Risko, E.F., Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2015). Wearable computing: Will it make people prosocial? British Journal of Psychology, 106, 209-216. doi: 10.1111/bjop.12080
    • Nasiopoulos, E., Risko, E.F. & Kingstone, A. (2015)*. A Social attention, social presence, and the dual function of gaze (pp. 129-155). In Aina Puce & Bennett I. Bertenthal (Eds.) The Many Faces of Social Attention: Behavioral and Neural Measures. Springer International Publishing AG.
    • Olk, B. & Kingstone, A. (2015). Attention and aging: Measuring effects of involuntary and voluntary orienting in isolation and in combination. British Journal of Psychology, 106, 235-252. doi: 10.1111/bjop.12082.
    • Risko, E.F. & Kingstone, A. (2015)*. Attention in the wild: Visual attention in complex, dynamic and social environments (pp. 466-487). In Hoffman, R.R., Hancock, P., Scerbo, M., Parasuraman, R. & Szalma, J. L. (Eds.) The Cambridge Handbook of Applied Perception Research. Cambridge University Press.
    • Anderson, G. M., Foulsham, T., Nasiopoulos, E., Chapman, C. S. & Kingstone, A. (2014).  Hide and seek: The theory of mind of visual concealment and search. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 76, 907-913.
    • Franklin, M.S., Mrazek, M.D., Anderson, C.L., Johnston, C., Smallwood, J., Kingstone, A. & Schooler, J. (2014). Tracking distraction: The relationship between mind-wandering, meta-awareness, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptomatologyJournal of Attention Disordersdoi:10.1177/1087054714543494.
    • Risko, E.F., Medimorec, S., Chisholm, J. & Kingstone, A. (2014). Rotating with rotated text. A natural behaviour approach to investigating cognitive offloading.  Cognitive Science38, 537-564.
    • Solman, G. J. F. & Kingstone, A. (2014). Balancing energetic and cognitive resources: Memory use during search depends on the orienting effector. Cognition, 132, 443-454.
    • Wu, D. W.-L., Anderson, N. C., Bischof, W. F., & Kingstone, A. (2014). Temporal dynamics of eye movements are related to differences in scene complexity and clutter. Journal of Vision, 14(9):8, 1–14. doi:10.1167/14.9.8
      • Coleman, D., Romao, T., Villamin, C. Sinnett, S. Jakobsen, T. & Kingstone, A. (2013). Finding meaning in all the right places: A novel measurement of dramatic structure in film and television narratives. Projections: The Journal for Movies and Mind, 7, 108-126. dpi: 10.3167/proj.2013.070206
      • Dalrymple, K., Gray, A., Perler, B., Birmingham, E., Bischof, W.F., Barton, J. & Kingsone, A. (2013). Eyeing the eyes in social scenes: Evidence for top-down control of stimulus selection in simultanagnosia. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 30, 25-40.
      • Farley, J., Risko, E.F., Kingstone, A. (2013). Everyday attention and lecture retention: The effects of time, fidgeting, and mind wanderingFrontiers in Psychology4619. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00619 
      • Foulsham, T., Gray, A., Nasiopoulos, W. & Kingstone, A. (2013). Leftward biases in picture scanning and line bisection: A gaze-contingent window study. Vision Research, 78, 14-25. 
      • Franklin, M.S., Mrazek, M.D., Anderson, C.L., Smallwood, J., Kingstone, A. & Schooler, J. (2013). The silver lining of a mind in the clouds: Interesting musings are associated with positive mood while mind-wandering. Frontiers in Psychology4583. dpi10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00583. 

      • Lanthier, S. N., Risko, E.F., Smilek, D. & Kingstone, A. (2013). Measuring the separate effects of practice and fatigue on eye movements during visual search. Cognitive Science Society, 35, 2820-2825
      • Risko, E.F., Buchanan, D., S., Medimorec, S. & Kingstone, A. (2013). Everyday attention: Mind wandering and computer use during lectures.  Computers & Education, 68, 275-283.
      • Risko, E.F., Foulsham, T., Dawson, S. & Kingstone, A. (2013). The collaborative lecture annotation system (CLAS): A new tool for distributed learning.  IEEE Transactions on learning technologies, 6,
      • Wu, D.W.-L., Jakobsen, T., Anderson, N. C., Bischof, W. F. & Kingstone, A. (2013). Why we should not forget about the non-social world: Subjective preferences, exploratory eye movements, and individual differences. Cognitive Science Society, 35, 3801-3806. 
      • Birmingham, E., Ristic, J. & Kingstone, A. (2012)*. Investigating social attention: A case for increasing stimulus complexity in the laboratory. (pp. 251-276) In J. A. Burack, J. T. Enns and N. A. Fox. (Eds.) Cognitive Neuroscience, Development, and Psychopathology. Oxford University Press. 
      • Dawson, S., Macfadyen, L., Risko, E., Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2012) Using technology to encourage self-directed learning: The Collaborative Lecture Annotation System (CLAS). Future Challenges, Sustainable Futures, proceedings for ASCILITE. Wellington, New Zealand
        • Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2012). Modeling the influence of central and peripheral information on saccade biases in gaze-contingent scene viewing. Visual Cognition20, 546-579
        • Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2012). Goal-driven and bottom-up gaze in an active real-world search task. Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications, 7, 189-192  ISBN: 978-1-4503-1221-9 doi: 10.1145/2168556.2168590
        • Levy, J., Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2012). Monsters are people too. Biology Letters, 20120850.  doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2012.0850 
        • Risko, E.F., Anderson, N., Lanthier, S. & Kingstone, A. (2012). Curious eyes: Individual differences in personality predict eye movement behavior in scene viewing. Cognition, 122, 86-90
        • Risko, E. F., Laidlaw, K., Freeth, M., Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2012). Social attention with real vs. reel stimuli: Toward an empirical approach to concerns about ecological validity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6:143. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00143
        • Ristic, J., Landry, M. & Kingstone, A. (2012).  Automated symbolic orienting: The missing link. Frontiers in Cognition. 3:560. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00560
        • van Zoest, W., Kingstone, A. & Theeuwes, J. (2012). The influence of visual search efficiency on the time-course of identity-based SR-compatibility. Acta Psychologica120, 101-109.
        • Walker, E., Lanthier, S., Risko, E.F., & Kingstone, A. (2012). The effects of personal music devices on pedestrian behaviour. Safety Science, 50, 123-128
          • Dalrymple. K. A., Birmingham, E. Bischof, W.F., Barton, JS. & Kingstone, A. (2011). Opening a window on attention: Documenting and simulating recovery from simultanagnosia. Cortex, 47, 787-799
          • Dalrymple. K. A., Birmingham, E. Bischof, W.F., Barton, JS. & Kingstone, A. (2011). Experiencing simultanagnosia through windowed viewing of complex social scenes. Brain Research, 1367, 265-277
          • Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2011). Look at my poster! Active gaze, preference and memory during a poster session. Perception, 40, 1387-1389.
          • Foulsham, T., Barton, J.J.S., Kingstone, A., Dewhurst, R. & Underwood, G. (2011). Modeling eye movements in visual agnosia with a saliency map approach: bottom-up guidance or top-down strategy? Neural Networks, 24, 665-677. 
          • Foulsham, T., Walker, E. & Kingstone, A. (2011). The where, what and when of gaze allocation in the lab and the natural environment. Vision Research, 51, 1920-1931. 
          • Sinnett, S. Hodges, N., Chua, R. & Kingstone (2011). Embodiment of motor skills when observing expert and novice athletes. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 657-668. 
          • Anderson, C. & Kingstone, A. (2010). A meeting of the minds: Expert discussions of mental processes in the human brain. Cortex, 46, 134-135. 
          • Andrews, TJ., Davies-Thompson, J., Kingstone, A. & Young, AW. (2010). Internal and external features of the face are represented holistically in face-selective regions of visual cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 3544-3552. 
          • Dalrymple, K. A., Bischof, W. F., Cameron, D. Barton, J.J.S. & Kingstone, A. (2010). Simulating simultanagnosia: Spatially constricted vision mimics local capture and the global processing deficit. Experimental Brain Research, 202, 445-455. 
          • Dalrymple, K. A. & Kingstone, A. (2010). Time to act and attend to the real mechanisms of action and attention. British Journal of Psychology, 101, 213-216. 
          • Hunt, A., van Zoest, W. & Kingstone, A. (2010)*. Attending to emerging representations: The importance of task context and time of response. In K. Nobre and J. Coull (Eds.) Attention and Time. (pp. 3-15) Oxford Press. 
          • Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A. (2010) Asymmetries in the direction of saccades during perception of scenes and fractals: Effects of image type and image features. Vision Research, 50, 779-795. 
          • Foulsham, T., Cheng, J.T., Tracy, J.L., Henrich, J. & Kingstone, A. (2010). Gaze allocation in a dynamic situation: Effects of social status and speaking. Cognition, 117, 319-331. 
          • Kingstone, A. (2010)*. Mike’s Attentional Network. In P.A. Reuter-Lorenz, K. Baynes, G. R. Mangun, & E. Phelps, (Eds.) The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael S Gazzaniga. (pp. 99-110) MIT Press
          • Laidlaw, K.E.W. & Kingstone, A. (2010). The time course of vertical, horizontal and oblique saccade trajectories: Evidence for greater distractor interference during vertical saccades. Vision Research, 50, 829-837.  
          • Olk, B., Hildebrandt, H. & Kingstone, A. (2010). Involuntary but not voluntary orienting contributes to a disengage deficit in visual neglect. Cortex, 46, 1149-1164. 
          • Sinnett, S. & Kingstone, A. (2010). A preliminary investigation regarding the effect of tennis grunting: Does white noise during a tennis shot have a negative impact on shot perception? PLoS ONE, 5, e13148. [link
          • Sinnett, S. & Kingstone, A. (2010). Are grunters cheaters? The effects of grunting when judging the direction of a tennis shot. Cognitive Science Society, 32, 1489-1492. 
          • Skarratt, P.A., Cole, G.G. & Kingstone, A. (2010). Social inhibition of return. Acta Psychologica, 134, 48-54. 
          • Theeuwes, J. Mathôt, S. & Kingstone, A. (2010). Object-based attention and eye movements. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 72, 597-601. 
          • van Zoest, W., Hunt, A. & Kingstone, A. (2010). Representations in visual cognition: It’s about time. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 19, 116-120. 
          • Watson, M.R., Brennan, A.A., Kingstone, A. & Enns, J.T. (2010). Looking versus seeing: Strategies alter eye movements during visual search. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 543-549. 
            • Birmingham, E. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Human social attention: A new look at past, present and future investigations. The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience 2009: NY Academy of Sciences,1156, 118-140. 
            • Birmingham, E. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Human social attention. Progress in Brain Research, 176, 309-320. 
            • Birmingham, E., Bischof, W. F. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Get real! Resolving the debate about equivalent social stimuli. Visual Cognition, 17, 904-924. 
            • Birmingham, E., Bischof, W. F. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Saliency does not account for fixations to eyes within social scenes. Vision Research, 49, 2992-3000. 
            • Dalrymple, K. A., Bischof, W. F., Cameron, D. Barton, J.J.S. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Global perception in simultanagnosia is not as simple as a game of connect-the-dots. Vision Research, 49, 1901-1908. 
            • Dalrymple, K. A., Kingstone, A. & Handy, T. C. (2009). ERP evidence for a dual-locus model of global/local processing. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 26, 456-470. 
            • Foulsham, T. Barton, J.S., Kingstone, A., Dewhurst, R. & Underwood, G. (2009). Fixation and saliency during search of natural scenes: the case of visual agnosia. Neuropsychologia, 47, 1994-2003. 
            • Foulsham, T. & Kingstone, A (2009). Strategy, not saliency, may explain eye movement patterns in visual agnosia. Commentary on Mannan, S.K., Kennard, C. & Husain, M. (2009). The role of visual salience in directing eye movements in visual object agnosia. Current Biology, 19, R247-248. 
            • Kingstone, A. (2009). Taking a real look at social attention. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 19, 52–56. 
            • Kuhn, G. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Look away! Eyes and arrows engage oculomotor responses automatically. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 314-327.
            • Miller, M. B. & Kingstone, A. (2009), Preface. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1156: vii. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04533.x
            • Olk, B. & Kingstone, A. (2009). A new look at aging and performance in the antisaccade task: The impact of response selection. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 21, 406-421. 
            • Ristic, J. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Rethinking attentional development: Reflexive and volitional orienting in children and adults. Developmental Science, 12, 289-296. 
            • Sinnett, S., Snyder, J. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Role of the lateral prefrontal cortex in visual object-based selective attention. Experimental Brain Research, 194, 191-196. 
            • Smilek, D., Weiheimer, L., Kwan, D., Reynolds, M. & Kingstone, A. (2009). Hiding and finding: The relationship between visual concealment and visual search. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 71, 1793-1806. 
            • Snyder, J. S., Schmidt, W.C. & Kingstone, A. (2009). There's little return for attentional momentum. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 35, 1726-1737. 
              • Birmingham, E., Bischof, W. F. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Social attention and real world scenes: The roles of action, competition and social content. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 61, 986-976 
              • Birmingham, E., Bischof, W. F. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Gaze selection in complex social scenes. Visual Cognition, 15, 341-355. 
              • Dodd, M., Van der Stigchel, S., Leghari, M. A., Fung, G. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Attentional SNARC: There’s something special about numbers (let us count the ways). Cognition, 108, 810 - 818. 
              • Foulsham, T. Kingstone, A. & Underwood, G. (2008). Turning the world around: patterns in saccade direction vary with picture orientation. Vision Research, 48, 1777-1790. 
              • Gibson, B. S., Folk, C.L., Theeuwes, J. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Attentional capture. Visual Cognition, 16, 145-154. 
              • Hunt, A., Chapman, C. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Taking a long look at action and time perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 34, 125-136. 
              • Kingstone, A. and Miller, . M. B. (2008), Preface. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1124: ix. doi: 10.1196/annals.1440.016
              • Kingstone, A., Smilek, D. & Eastwood, J. D. (2008). Cognitive ethology: A new approach for studying human cognition. British Journal of Psychology, 99, 317 - 345. 
              • Kingstone, A., Smilek, D. & Eastwood, J. D. (2008). Three responses to cognitive ethology. British Journal of Psychology, 99, 355 - 359. 
              • Morein-Zamir, S. Hommersen, P., Johnston, C. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Novel measures of response performance and inhibition in children with ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36, 1199-1210. 
              • Olk, B., Cameron, B. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Enhanced orienting effects: Evidence for an interaction principle. Visual Cognition, 16, 979-1000. 
              • Olk, B. Symons, L. A. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Take a look at the bright side: Effects of contrast polarity on gaze direction judgments. Perception & Psychophysics, 70, 1298-1304. 
              • Oruc, I., Sinnett, S., Bischof, W.F., Soto-Faraco, S., Lock, K. & Kingstone, A. (2008). The effect of attention on the illusory capture of motion in bimodal stimuli, Brain Research, 1242, 200-208. 
              • Smilek, D., Eastwood, J. D. Reynolds, M. G. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Metacognition and change detection: Do lab and life really converge? Consciousness & Cognition, 17, 1056 - 1061. 
              • Tipper, C., Handy, T., Giesbrecht, B. & Kingstone, A. (2008). Brain responses to biological relevance. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 879-891.