OAKLAND CITY AND TOWNSHIP.
The Spanish Discovery of the Contract Costa -- The Grant to Don Luis Peralta -- His Sons the First Settlers -- Neither Indians nor Squatters to Dispute Their Possession -- The First American Visitors -- Narrative of a Man who Wanted to Buy Oakland -- First Actual Settlement at Clinton -- The Patten Brothers -- Moses Chase -- The Redwoods Visited -- The Town of Clinton Laid Out -- Moon, Carpentier and Adams Appear Upon the Scene -- Other Squatters Follow -- Outrages Upon the Owners of the Soil -- Stealing Land, Killing Cattle and Cutting Timber -- An Expedition to Eject the Trespassers Ends in Failure -- Smooth but Deceptive Talk -- A Town Laid Out and Fraudulently Incorporated -- The Water Front Dishonestly Bartered Away to Carpentier -- The Town Purchased by John Clar, who Associates with him Barra, Irving, Hayes and Caperton -- Other Associates Purchase the "Temescal" Lands of Vincente Peralta -- Domingo also Sells -- Chas. Minturn Starts the Creek Ferry -- Oakland College School Commenced -- Incorporates as a City -- Carpentier First Mayor -- An Anti-Carpentier Council Elected, and the Water-Front Litigation Commenced -- Opening of the Creek -- Opposition Line of Steamers -- Terminus of the Trans-Continental Railroad -- Compromise of the Water-Front Litigation -- Who Own the Water-Front -- The Clouds on Property Dispelled -- The State University Secured -- Population in 1860, 1870 and 1876 -- Compared with Brooklyn, N. Y. -- Great Enhancement of Real Estate Values -- Never had a Set-Back from the Elements -- Advantages and Facilities -- Beauty of Location -- Charming Scenery -- Ornamentation -- Oakland Harbor -- The Northern Limits, and Berkeley.
The Spanish discovery of the Contra Costa dates from November 2d, 1769, when, according to General Vallejo's Centennial Address, a party of hunters, belonging to Portala's land expedition, crossed the San Mateo mountains from the coast, and, for the first time, beheld the beauteous vision of the Bay, and, with admiring gaze, surveyed the Contract Costa from the Punta del Cerro to San Antonio Creek. According to the same authority, a land expedition, headed by Pedro Fages and Father Crespi, soon after passed by the Oak Grove Encinal, on the way from Monterey, via San Pablo and Martinez, to the San Joaquin. This would give the priority of appearance on our soil to the latter, instead of Moraga--for whom we have it already claimed--making a difference of about four years in favor of the former.