This website was created to show the work done by scholars in Ancient India. Most of these book are lost and very few are remaining. Follow the links present on left of this site to browse the books. Please send your suggestions or comments to

Science and technology in ancient and medieval India covered all the major branches of human knowledge and activities, including mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, medical science and surgery, fine arts, mechanical and production technology, civil engineering and architecture, shipbuilding and navigation, sports and games. 

Mathematics - Vedic literature is replete with concepts of zero, the techniques of algebra and algorithm, square root and cube root. The origin of Calculus lie in India 300 years before Leibnitz and Newton. Mathematics is called Ganit Shastra.

Astronomy - Rig Veda (2000 BC) refers to astronomy. Astronomy is called Khagol shastra.

Physics - Concepts of atom and theory of relativity were explicitly stated by an Indian Philosopher around 600 BC.

Chemistry - Principles of chemistry did not remain abstract but also found expression in distillation of perfumes, aromatic liquids, manufacturing of dyes and pigments, and extraction of sugar.

Medical science & surgery - Around 800 BC, first compendium on medicine and surgery was complied in ancient India.

Fine Arts - Vedas were recited and recitation has to be correct, which gave rise to a finer study of sound and phonetics. The natural corollary were emergence of music and other forms of performing arts.

Mechanical & production technology - Greek historians have testified to smelting of certain metals in India in the 4th century BC.

Civil engineering & architecture - The discovery of urban settlements of Mohenjodaro and Harappa indicate existence of civil engineering & architecture, which blossomed to a highly precise science of civil engineering and architecture and found expression in innumerable monuments of ancient India.

Shipbuilding & navigation - Sanskrit and Pali texts have several references to maritime activity by ancient Indians. Sports & games - Ancient India is the birth place of chess, ludo, snakes and ladders and playing cards.