Cooking Oil In India - Black Pearl Epicure Cooking School - Smithfield Smoked Ham Cooking Instructions.

Cooking Oil In India

cooking oil in india
    cooking oil
  • Instead of coffee, Neelix pours Paris a steaming cup of cooking oil by mistake. (Waking Moments)
  • any of numerous vegetable oils used in cooking
  • Cooking oil is purified fat of plant origin, which is usually liquid at room temperature (saturated oils such as coconut and palm are more solid at room temperature than other oils).
    in india
  • burgers are served on the flat traditional local Naan bread.

Captain at the helm of a India Kerala Backwaters Kettuvallam (Rice Boat)
Captain at the helm of a India Kerala Backwaters Kettuvallam (Rice Boat)
The Kerala backwaters are a chain of brackish lagoons and lakes lying parallel to the Arabian Sea coast (known as the Malabar Coast) of Kerala state in southern India. The network includes five large lakes linked by canals, both manmade and natural, fed by 38 rivers, and extending virtually half the length of Kerala state. The backwaters were formed by the action of waves and shore currents creating low barrier islands across the mouths of the many rivers flowing down from the Western Ghats range. Kerala has over 900 km of interconnected waterways, rivers, lakes and inlets that make up the Kerala backwaters. In the midst of this beautiful landscape there are a number of towns and cities, which are the starting and end points of backwater cruises. National Waterway No. 3 from Kollam to Kottapuram, covers a distance of 205 km and runs almost parallel to the coast line of southern Kerala facilitating both cargo movement and backwater tourism. The backwaters have a unique ecosystem - freshwater from the rivers meets the seawater from the Arabian Sea. In certain areas, such as the Vembanad Kayal, where a barrage has been built near Kumarakom, salt water from the sea is prevented from entering the deep inside, keeping the fresh water intact. Such fresh water is extensively used for irrigation purposes. Many unique species of aquatic life including crabs, frogs and mudskippers, water birds such as terns, kingfishers, darters and cormorants, and animals such as otters and turtles live in and alongside the backwaters. Palm trees, pandanus shrubs, various leafy plants and bushes grow alongside the backwaters, providing a green hue to the surrounding landscape. Vembanad Kayal is the largest of the lakes, covering an area of 200 km?, and bordered by Alappuzha (Alleppey), Kottayam, and Ernakulam districts. The port of Kochi (Cochin) is located at the lake's outlet to the Arabian Sea. Alleppey, "Venice of the East", has a large network of canals that meander through the town. Vembanad is India’s longest lake. The houseboats in Kerala are huge, slow-moving, exotic barges used for leisure trips. Keralan Rice Boats are a reworked model of Kettuvallams (in the Malayalam language, Kettu means "tied with ropes", and vallam means "boat"), which, in earlier times, were used to carry rice and spices from Kuttanad to the Kochi port. Kerala houseboats were considered a convenient means of transportation. They have thatched roof covers over wooden hulls. Boats in a variety of shapes and sizes have traditionally been the main means of transport of men and materials in the Kerala Backwaters since olden days. In particular, the house boats were used to ship rice and spices and other goods between Kuttanad and the Cochin port. It was a three-day affair in those days. A standard house boat, which could be about 100 feet long, can hold up to 30 tons, and that is as much as three big lorries can. For the royalty these boats even became comfortable living quarters. It was the important mode of transportation in coastal Kerala just because of its accessibility to the most remote areas. It took the vision and enterpreneurship of a couple of enterprising young men to refurbish one of these leviathans, hoisting on to it a wooden super-structure incorporating a huge bed room, a toilet, a kitchenette and an open balcony. The ancient houseboat with a modernized interior became a hot favourite with tourists. As the houseboats glide over the Kerala backwaters at a leisurely pace, the sights are new, the sounds are new, and every sensation is new every passing moment. A cruise along the mirror-still lagoons, picture-book lakeside, palm-fringed canals and shimmering rivulets of `God's Own Country' is the most enchanting holidaying experience in the country. With a cruise along the palm-fringed waterways turning to be part and parcel of holidayers' itinerary, the traditional kettuvallam has emerged as the mascot of Kerala Tourism A houseboat is about 60 to 70 feet (about 18 to 21 meters) long and about 15 feet (about 5 m) wide at the middle. The hull which is made of hundreds of fine but heavy-duty planks of jack-wood is held together absolutely by coir knots (not a single nail is used). This framework is then coated with a caustic black resin extracted from boiled cashew kernels. And it lasts for generations. The roof is made of bamboo poles and palm leaves. The exterior of the boat is painted with protective coats of cashew nut oil. The kettuvallam is motorised and is steered in deep waters by means of oars or a rudder. Long bamboo poles or 'punts' are used to propel in shadow areas. The crew of a kettuvallam comprises two oarsmen and a cook or chef. Fresh food, cooked in inimitable Kuttanadan style is the rage of the international tourists. Basically the kettuvallam was originally designed to transport cargo and as such many design changes had to be made to make it a tourist vehicle. The height of the
Matheran - Forest tree - Mahuwa
Matheran - Forest tree - Mahuwa
Mohwa ?? THE MAHWA TREE MADHUCA INDICA Gmel. (Family: Sapotaceae) VERY FEW trees in India are more useful or more stately than the Mahwa tree; every part of the tree yields an economic product of great value to the people in whose neighbourhood it grows. In the various Indian languages the tree is known under the names of Mahwa or Mahua (in Beng, Bombay, M.P., etc.); Mahuda (Guj.; Iliipe (Tarn.) ; Ippi (Tel.); Madhuka (Sansk.) Scientifically in some of the older books, the tree is listed under the name of Bassia latifolia Roxb.; in modern books, the name has been changed to Madhuca indica Gmel.; the name Bassia had been previously used by Alliont (1766) for a small plant of the family Chenopodiaceae and, in consequence, it should not have been used for our tree; one fundamental rule in naming plants is one name for each plant, and one plant only for each name. DISTRIBUTION The tree is indigenous to Central India, Gujarat and along the Western Ghats, eastwards to Chhota Nagpur, it is not common in Bengal, or in Madras. It is very commonly planted all over peninsular India. DESCRIPTION It is a large deciduous tree reaching 20 m. in height with a spreading crown. Leaves are clustered near the ends of the branches, each 7—20x3—7 cm. elliptical hi shape, slightly hairy, when young, at length glabrous. Flowers appear in dense fascicles near the end of the branches, usually when the tree is leafless ; flowers are stalked, drooping, rusty, pubescent ; calyx about 1.5 cm. long divided nearly to the base, segments usually 4 ; corolla cream-colored, about 2.5—3 cm. across, fleshy ; the lobes of the corolla about 8—10. Stamens about 25. Ovary hairy supporting a style 2.5 cm. long or longer. The fruit is fleshy, hairy, 3—5 cm. long, ovoid in shape, at first green, at length reddish-yellow or orange. Seeds 1—4. Figure 10. THE MAHWA TREE (Madhuca indica Gmel.) Page 35 USES The timber is hard and good, but is seldom used in India because the other products of the tree are much more valuable. Flowers are edible either raw or cooked or made into cakes. Dried flowers, when properly soaked in water and. a I lowed to ferment, produce on distillation a spirit which has many applications in our country; the flowers, however, have an unpleasant odour which is transmitted to the spirit even after distillation, and this odour somewhat restricts the use of the spirit thus obtained. Wild animals, such as jackals, pigs, deer, etc. are rather fond of the flowers; bears are particularly fond of them and it is on record that bears will eat quantities of flowers which gradually will start fermenting in their stomachs, with the result that the poor animals get thoroughly drunk; people, who have seen bears under such conditions, say that bears then behave in the accepted why of drunkards. The fruit and all its parts are used economically; the outer fleshy portions are used as an article of food by some of our hill tribes particularly in Western India; from the seeds, an oil is extracted by pressure, which is used for lighting, and as a cooking oil by Central Indian tribes; this oil is at times used to adulterate ghee. Oil from the seeds of Mahwa is used extensively in the manufacture of soaps. In recent years, some of the soap-producing firms in India have taken to the use of Mahwa oil as one of their raw materials. The Mahwa tree is a very important source of food for the Gonds and other tribes in Central and Western India; the tree is particularly important because flowers and fruits appear in the hot season when rice stocks may be very low. It is reported that under Maratha rule, it was a common practice to cut down the Mahwa trees in the hilly areas of the country so as to reduce lawless hill tribes by starvation. In Western India, during recent years, many Mahwa trees have been cut down by Government orders in order to prevent illicit distillation by the local people. This is to be deplored, for the tree is a valuable source of food, and timber, and reproduces and grows with little or no care even in poor soils; the cutting down of trees has not taught our people temperance

cooking oil in india
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