"...the obscurity which for the present surrounds the subject may for the time also veil its importance,
every advance in our knowledge of this mighty power in relation to inert things, helps to dissipate that
obscurity,.."                           ~Michael Faraday.

This is the second part of article explaining testing of various prototypes of magneto-electric
generators of electric currents showing different efficiency caused by difference of
constructions and methods. Appears that the same magnet generates more than twice
stronger EMF when inducing magnetic fields of electromagnetic Coiled U-Core (further: CUC)
instead of inducing usual electromagnetic Coiled I-Core by moving near same coil, and even
stronger EMF is inducing when same magnet has flux splitting armature moving near same coil
with C- and G- shaped Cores. This new methods of generation of electricity also requires less
mechanical force because that prototypes producing Zero Magneto Motive Feedback (further:
ZMF) and Positive Magneto Motive Feedback (further: PMF) instead of Negative Magneto
Motive Feedback usually producing when electricity is generating by moving magnets near
usual coil with I-Core.
Previous first part of this article has explained testing and results of moving same bare magnet
near same coil having I- and U- core what is published at:


Presenting here prototypes have electromagnetic coil functioning as secondary coil of electric
transformer and magnet acting as primarily coil because that its motion near U- C- and
G-Cores induces magnetic fields of core which causes EMF and electric currents generating
by applied coil.

Following is scheme of magnetic polarities when testing magnet moving through U-Core
having the coil on short middle bar. Magnet moves perpendicular to the plain of U-Core and
magnetic axis of magnet, moving far from the coil between middles of long bars of the core.
Left side image shows engaging magnet inducing magnetic field of U-Core which attracts and
accelerates moving magnet while magnetic flux forms magnetic circuit in loop comprising
magnet and ferromagnetic bars of the core what causes EMF and electric current in coil on
U-Core. Right side image shows disengaging magnet inducing magnetic fields of U-Core
attracting and decelerating moving magnet also producing EMF and generating electric
Acceleration and deceleration of magnet during motion through CUC are equal in strength and
count-directional and the sum of acceleration and deceleration is equal to Zero. So generating
electricity causes Zero losses of velocity of moving magnet producing Zero Magnetomotive
Feedback also producing more than twice of electricity producing by usual coil with I-Core.
Following is image of testing of prototype made of coil and magnet moving on the pendulum
where air gap between magnet and coil is 30mm and air gaps between magnet and U-Core
are 10mm each.
Clicking on image links to short video of testing where multimeter shows peaks of max. 02.3
Volts and max. 0.67 Amperes while same magnet moving near same coil with I-Core has
generated more than twice weaker electric currents.

Appears that it is more efficient to move magnet through CUC between middle of
ferromagnetic bars then between outer end of bars. This difference of efficiency is because
that difference of lengths of magnetic circuits - when magnet moves closer to the coil - it forms
shorter magnetic circuit and stronger magnetic fields in coil inducing stronger EMF and
generating more electricity.


Following is image of prototypes testing four-polar X-Magnet moving near electromagnetic coil
with usual I-Core (left side image) and on the right side image is same X-Magnet moving near
Asymmetrically Coiled C-Core (further: A3C) having same coil on C-shaped ferromagnetic

X-Magnet is quadrupole magnet made of small, "flat" magnet having two mirror-symmetric
ferromagnetic armature attached to magnetic poles of the magnet. Said armatures are
C-shaped (or V-shaped) so that two bars extending from every magnetic pole of attached
magnet and forming an angle approx. 90~120 degrees. Armature of X-Magnet are made of
ferromagnetic materials of high magnetic permeability causing that magnetic flux from
magnetic poles of magnet are splitting so that four magnetic poles are forming at outer ends
of each bar of armatures.

Right-side image shows new, highly efficient A3C with core made of approx. 200mm
ferromagnetic bar shaped as C-letter or U-letter and having 30mm coil on its middle bar.
Middle bar of C-Core is 100mm long with two perpendicular bars extending from middle bar
and forming plane of interaction comprising C-Core and being parallel to the plane comprising
X-magnet.  Coil is placed near one of shorter bars of C-Core on its long middle bar, so that
half of middle bar remains uncoiled or bare.

Together, X-Magnet and A3C are count-moving components of novel apparatus for
magneto-electric generation of electric currents and kinetic energy, and following is
explanation of the method of utilization and the processes occurring during highly efficient
Clicking on image links to short video of testing where X-Magnet is testing first: moving along
usual coil having short I-core then video is paused and continues where X-Magnet is moving
through A3C having same coil. Coil on I-Core generates several times less Amperes and Volts
than same Coil on C-Core.

In both variants of testing X-Magnet is moving one of its flux splitting armature near
electro-conducting wire of the coil such inducing EMF and generating electric currents. When
X-magnet moves near coil through A3C then two oppositely polarized bars of opposite flux
splitting armatures moving near outer ends of C-Core which also becomes induced.

Following is scheme of magnetic polarities when X-Magnet moves toward (further: engaging)
coiled I-Core (left side) and A3C (right side image). The coil on I-Core generates magnetic
fields repealing and decelerating X-Magnet while magnetic flux of coil on C-Core is following
path of least resistance and is guided along of ferromagnetic bar toward outer ends causing
attraction and acceleration of diametric bars of engaging X-Magnet. Such, coil becomes dually
induced from outside and from inside and magnet becomes dually accelerating by magnetic
fields inducing by core and by coil which coincide in magnetic polarity. Faster moving magnet
induces stronger EMF making attraction between magnet and core even stronger. When
magnet engaging coil with I-Core then Negative Magnetomotive Feedback causes deceleration
and when magnet engaging A3C then Positive Magnetomotive Feedback causes acceleration
of moving magnet.
Following is scheme of magnetic polarities when X-Magnet moves away from (further:
disengaging) coiled I-Core (left side) and A3C (right side image). The coil on I-Core generates
magnetic fields attracting and decelerating X-Magnet while magnetic flux of coil on C-Core is
following path of least resistance and is guided along of ferromagnetic bar toward outer ends
causing repulsion and acceleration of diametric bars of disengaging X-Magnet. During
disengaging phase of this process the coil inducing magnetic fields which are opposite to
magnetic fields inducing in C-Core by magnet what causes that attraction and deceleration of
moving magnet becomes weaker, while attraction and acceleration of engaging magnet becomes
stronger what causes that velocity of moving magnet increases all the time while magnet moves
through A3C.

Worth to notice that inducing electric currents are several times stronger when X-Magnet moves
through A3C then It is moving near usual coil with I-Core and higher velocity will increase both
currents and the Positive Magnetomotive Feedback.
Testing here X-Magnet is build with permanent magnet which is weaker than magnet applied for
all other prototypes and obtained results should not be compared with results of other testing,
though following prototype has Y-Magnet build on same stronger magnet tested with coil with
I-Core and U-core and table of results shows that complication of construction of high magnetic
permeability leads to higher efficiency of generation of electricity.


Next presenting prototype is the variant of count-moving A3C and X-Magnet only moving magnet
has only one flux splitting armature attached to one of its magnetic pole and opposite magnetic
pole is bare (further: Y-Magnet), and C-Core has one of its short bars longer and curved
inwardly (further: G-Core) so that when Y-Magnet moves through G-Core then flux slitting
armature moves near the coil and end of shorter bar of the core while bare magnetic pole of
magnet is moving near end of longer curved bar of G-Core. Inducing magnetic polarities are
similar to those explained for engagement and disengagement of X-Magnet but this prototype
was tested with coil placed on tree different places of long middle bar of G-Core. Following is
picture where the coil is placed near longer curved bar of G-core and producing best result of
all testing, though it was also tested when coil was placed on the middle of long middle bar so
that bar of flux splitting armature was moving near middle of the coil, also coil was tested when
placed near short bar of G-Core and it was manifested that different placing of the coil
produces substantially different results in generation of electric currents.
Clicking on image links to short video of testing where Y-Magnet is testing first: moving near  
coil placed near short bar of G-Core then video is paused and continues where Y-Magnet is
placed on the middle bar of the core, then paused and continues with testing of Y-Magnet
moving near the coil placed near long curved bar of G-Core. First test shows that Coiled
G-Core generates peaks of max. 01.4 Volts and max. 0.45 Amperes - then with coil on the
middle of long bar performs better  and during third testing coil generates peaks of max. 02.4
Volts and max. 0.72 Amperes.

Following is the comparable table of result of testing of explained above prototypes showing
different efficiency of different constructions. Efficiency of usual Coiled I-Core is counting as
100% to be compared with other results manifested when moving same magnet near same coil
with variants of geometries and permeability of space between magnet and coil.

Coil with:                                       max. Volts            max. Amperes           % of efficiency

I-Core with magnet                            
01.1                         0.27                         100

U-Core with magnet                           02.3                         0.67                         228

G-Core with Y-Magnet                       02.4                         0.72                          242

Many similar simple prototypes were build and tested similar allowing to come to conclusion that
presented here designs and methods of generation of electricity need to continue developing
through R&D of utilities where electric currents will be generating by magneto-mechanical
induction of magnetic fields of complex cores of electro-magnetic coils instead of contemporary
popular methods of generation of electricity by induction of wires of coils having simple I-Core.

However, the quality of applied devices disallows contemplation of explained Zero and Positive
Magneto-Motive Feedbacks - the multimeter applied during testing of same permanent magnet
moving near same electromagnetic coil clearly shows that utilization of complex ferromagnetic
structure causes great increase of efficiency of conversion of mechanical load into electric

Presented here designs and methods are considered for R&D of more complex and more
efficient Magneto-Electric Generators of electricity and propulsion, - and reports about new
machines gonna be published on MAGNETOMECHANICS  of AGEOFMAGNETIZM.

20 May of 2017.
Published by Taras Leskiv - the inventor of the apparatus and methods of generation of
electric currents with production of Positive Magneto-motive Feedback.

Proposals of cooperation are welcome at:

Last updated in May of 2017.