In Agenda 21, Chemicals and The Management of Waste is one of the seven themes. It is necessary because the awareness of chemical pollution and chemical management have increased.
Chemicals are important because they can be transferred into various products to assist human’s daily life. However, if the toxic chemicals, their by-products, and theirare poorly handled, they can be harmful for environment and threaten all the lives in the world.
Actions that we all can take:
Solid Waste Management
Some tips on reducing waste and conserving resources. The three R's - reduce, reuse and recycle - all help to cut down on the amount of waste we throw away. Also, the three R's save land and money communities must use to dispose of waste in landfills. Everyone can help to save natural resources, energy, and money by following the three R's.
The best way to manage waste is to not produce it and create a legacy of pollution prevention. Teach your children, friends, coworkers, other members of family about the importance of protecting the environment for the health and survival of all living things. Here is a few guidelines by reduce, reuse/recycle, and disposal:
The critical reduce step of waste prevention has been overshadowed by a focus on recycling. Please help to promote a greater awareness of the importance of the "Reduce" part of the Reduce-Reuse-Recycle mantra. For a great overview of how raw materials and products move around the world, see the video The Story of Stuff.
Reduce Purchases: In general, think before you buy any product, do you really need it?
Buy mercury free
or low mercury products.
Using fluorescent lamps instead of incandescent light bulbs is one way to reduce energy use.
Replace Disposables: Wherever possible, replace disposable products with reusable ones such as razor, food storage, batteries, ink cartridges (buy refill ink), coffee filters, furnace or air conditioner filters, etc.
Buy used products whenever possible. Some sources are: Goodwill, Salvation Army, Ebay, Craigslist, Amazon, and garage sales.
Borrow from friends: If you only need something temporarily, ask if a friend or neighbor would loan it to you.
Share things like books, magazines, movies, games, and newspapers between friends and neighbors.
Choose items with the least amount of packaging, or packaging that can be reused or recycled.
If you only buy a few products skip the shopping bag. For larger purchases, bring your own. Learn about the dangers of plastic bags and what countries around world are doing about it
Shop at and hold garage sales, this is a great way to reuse products.
Switch from disposable to reusable products: food and beverage containers, cups, plates, writing pens, razors, diapers, towels, shopping bags, etc.
Donate your old your household items such as clothes, furniture, dishes, books, sports equipment, magazines, appliances, electronics, business attire, computer equipment, cell phones,ink cartridges, etc.
Buy and sell your items on sites such as: Goodwill, Salvation Army, Ebay, Craigslist, Amazon, and garage sales.
Purchase rechargeable batteries and a battery recharger (some battery rechargers will also recharge regular alkaline batteries). Solar powered battery rechargers are available online.
Kitchen reusable: Instead of buying these items new, save and reuse all: paper bags, rubber bands, twisties, boxes, and packaging material.
Compost leaves and yard clipping, or
recycle them through your yard waste recycling. Storm drains carry water and
pollutants directly to our local creeks and the Bay.
Use both sides of each piece of paper for note taking or printing documents from your computer at home or work. Create note pads by stapling together once used paper.
Buy products that will last and take care
Keep garbage and recycling cans tightly
covered to prevent litter from being blown away or scattered by animals.
When using a cleaning company, for example carpet cleaners, windows washers,
etc, be sure they dispose of wastewater in a utility sink, toilet, sanitary
sewer cleanout, or a vegetated area.
Rinse latex paint tools in a sink, not outdoors.
Don't wash tools or dispose of excess materials in the gutter or storm drain.
Never put medicines down sinks or toilets.
Bring expired medications to one of the disposal locations in the Bay Area.
Find a disposal location near you by entering your zip code in the web site www.baywise.org
They are products created from, and medical, research, and industry fields. They are dangerous not only because they can damage or kill lives (animals and trees) and pollute environment (soil and water), but they also could have long-lived, which allows them to remain for some decays to thousand years. As a result, the radioactive wastes have to be managed properly, including transportation, storage, and disposal.
From the Agenda 21, it suggests that all nations should minimize and limit themselves to generate radioactive wastes. The nations whoever creates those wastes should provide standard processes/procedures to handle them, and emergency procedures should be given. Training programs are needed to personnel and facilities. The nations should prepare to do long term assessments on health risk and environmental impact, so they can periodically monitor everything around the radioactive wastes. The wastes are strongly recommended not to be stored close to marine environment since they might have impact to marine environment.