The African apartheid started in 1950 in South Africa. 
Many Europeans went to Africa for their Diamonds, then colonies were formed. Soon the Europeans took over the African government system and many laws to separate the whites from the colored people were made.
The apartheid was the discrimination against the black population which denied most colored Africans the right to own land, choose their jobs, vote, and even choose where they live. During the apartheid, there were strict laws for Africans so they couldn't choose where they went to school or who they could interact with.
There was a lot of violence and many Africans became injured or were killed.
Laws and regulation made life very difficult for the non-whites in South Africa. The African apartheid ended in 1994 when members of the government began to have doubts about the apartheid and parties that were opposed to the apartheid began to grow in South Africa.