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General Information about Aerial Photography

Introduction to Aerial Photography

Definition: Aerial photography is the taking of photographs of the ground from an elevated position. The term usually refers to images in which the camera is not supported by a ground-based structure. Cameras may be hand held or mounted, and photographs may be taken by a photographer, triggered remotely or triggered automatically. Platforms for aerial photography include fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, balloons, blimps and dirigibles, rockets, kites, poles, parachutes, vehicle mounted poles. (Source: Wikipedia)

History of Aerial Photography 

Aerial photography was first practiced by the French photographer and ballonist Gaspard-Felix Tournachon, known as “Nadar”, in 1858 over Paris, France. The first use of a motion picture camera mounted to a heavier-than-air aircraft took place on April 24, 1909 over Rome in the 3:28 silent film short, Wilbur Wright und seine Flugmaschine. The first special semiautomatic aerial camera was designed in 1911 by Russian military engineer— Colonel Potte V. F. This aerial camera was used during World War I. The use of aerial photography for military purposes was expanded during World War I by many others aviators such as Fed Zinn. One of the first notable battles was that of Neuve Chapelle. Aerial mapping came into use on the battlefronts during World War I. In January 1918, General Allenby used five Australian pilots from No 1 Squadron AFC to photograph a 624 square miles area in Palestine as an aid to correcting and improving maps of the Turkish front. Lieutenants Leonard Tuaplin, Allan Runciman Brown, H. L. Fraser, Edward Patrick Kenny and L. W. Rogers photographed a block of land stretching from the Turkish front lines 32 miles deep into their rear areas. 
Beginning 5 January, they flew with a fighter escort to ward off enemy fighters.
(source: Wikipedia)