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Stabia Gate

Location

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Map of Pompeii
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Description

The Stabia Gate lies at the southern end of the Via Stabiana where it meets the southern flank of the city wall. The gate was discovered in 1851. In its original form it consisted of a single barrel-vaulted space containing a double doored gate, followed by a passage with bastions at either end to protect the entrance.
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An Oscan inscription found on a square block of travertine in the gateway states:
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The Aediles Publius Sittius, son of Marcus, and Numerius Pontius, son of Publius, laid down the limits of this street, and fixed the terminus of it 10 feet beyond the Stabia Gate.
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The inscription not only names the gate but also three of the city's streets as well as the nearby Temple of Asclepius (referred to as the Temple of Jupiter Meilichius), which stands at the junction of the Via del Tempio di Iside and the Via Stabiana.
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Outside the Stabia Gate, in common with almost all of the other gates of the city, there is a necropolis. In 1843 excavations revealed a rectangular funerary monument inscribed to the duovir N. Clovatius with a marble relief of gladiatorial combat (pictured below).
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In 1911 more burials were found approximately 500m beyond the gate. In an area of about 400 sq.m 44 inhumations were found (the Fondo Azzolini Necropolis) dating from the fourth to the second centuries BC. Including the post Samnite burials, there were 160 burials in all.




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