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Nocera Gate

Location

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Map of Pompeii

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Description

The Nocera or Nuceria Gate is situated along the south eastern flank of the city's walls at the southern end of the Via di Nocera.
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The gate in its original form dates back to the Samnite era. In construction the gate resembles the Stabia and Nola gates with a single barrel-vaulted space containing the gate, followed by a passage with bastions at either end to protect the entrance.
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The gate today is oddly high due to the fact that the road bed was lowered at some time to decrease the steepness of the approach.
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Inside the city, just west of the gate, is the so called 'Garden of the Fugitives' where a number of bodies were found during excavations. Judging by the plaster casts they would seem to be a family group(s). They were probably trying to flee the city when they were overcome by the sixth and final pyroclastic surge which swept though Pompeii at about 8am on the morning of the 25th of August.
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Immediately outside the Nocera Gate is one of the city's major necropoleis. This necropolis consists of a series of tombs lining the Via Nocera. There are several types of tombs to be found in the necropolis: chamber tombs, cube tombs, altar-shaped tombs, aedicule tombs, and these tombs range chronologically from the early Republican period right up to the last years of Pompeii.




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