Description of the House (Reg VI, Ins 10, 11, 8, 9)
The fauces opens onto a rectangular atrium with a central impluvium
The atrium has a few remaining areas of fresco decoration which appear
to echo the
decoration of the fauces, but as can be seen from a comparison of the
two pictures opposite the
room has lost most of the rich decoration it had when first excavated
and is now in a very poor state of repair (the fresco below was removed
from the atrium during the early excavations).
A passageway to the east of the tablinum leads past the service area and
kitchen (e) to an ambulatory (h) which overlooks the garden (i) to the
north. In the centre of the garden are the remains of a summer
Like the rest of the house, the rooms opening onto the ambulatory have
deteriorated badly since first excavated. The oecus (g) (pictured right)
was decorated with yellow/orange panels featuring a central aedicula.
The main panel on the west wall (pictured below) was fortunately removed
at the time of excavation and can now be seen in the National
Archaeological Museum in Naples.
The House of
Zephyr and Flora is situated on the Via della Fortuna Augusta. The house
is also known as the Casa del Naviglio, the Casa di Zefiro e Clori, the
Casa di Tintirius and the Casa delle Baccanti.
The house has been sorely neglected since first excavated in the 1820s and is now in a perilous state of repair. A Samnite house, it has a fairly standard atrium, tablinum, garden layout and was generally built out of blocks of tufa.
The entrance (pictured above) opens off the north side of the Via della Fortuna Augusta. The vestibule (a), as in the House of the Diadumeni, was connected to the fauces
(b) by a large double door and also by a small door to its right. This
arrangement may also have included a cella ostiaria or porter's room off
the east side of the vestibule. The fauces
retains some of its original fresco decoration of red panels with
ornamental borders on a white ground above a lower red frieze.
On either side of the atrium are cubicula while in the middle of the north wall facing the entrance is the tablinum
(d) (in the centre of the picture above). The walls of the tablinum
retain some plaster remnants, but the effects of the elements have left
very little remaining detail.
the east of the oecus is a large triclinium (f). The triclinium
(piuctured above) has a wide entrance off the ambulatory and was richly
decorated in the fourth style. The detail in the fresco decoration that
remains in-situ has mostly been washed out, but, as with the adjoining
oecus, some panels were removed at the time of excavation and taken to
The large fresco on the south wall (pictured above) featured a central scene of the Wedding of Zephyr and Flora
(Chloris) framed in red with architectural elements together with side panels incorporating floating figures (pictured left) on a black ground.
The property had two side entrances; (j) off the west side of the garden
and (k) off the room to the rear of oecus (g), both opening onto the
Via di Mercurio at Nos. 8 and 9 respectively.
* Images ©Jackie and Bob Dunn are
reproduced by permission from their website at
(Su concessione del Ministero per
i Beni e le Attività Culturali:
Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di
Napoli e Pompei)