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Temple of Asclepius

Description of the Temple (Reg VIII, Ins 7, 25)

The Temple of Asclepius, also referred to as the Temple of Jupiter Meilichius, stands at the junction of the Via del Tempio di Iside and the Via Stabiana. The temple, dating from around the 2nd century BC, was identified as being a place of worship of Jupiter Meilichius with the discovery of an Oscan inscription found at the Stabia Gate.

The
entrance on the Via Stabiana opens directly onto a portico (A) composed of two columns situated in the lower courtyard, pictured below.
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In the centre of the courtyard is a tufa altar decorated with cushion scrolls and a plain frieze with alternating triglyphs and metopes, an example of mixing Doric and Ionic styles.

A broad flight of steps (C), occupying the full width of the site, lead to the podium
(D) fronted by four Corinthian columns, with an additional single column at either side.

Behind the columns lies the cella, which has a pedestal on the rear wall for the display of religious statuary; statues of Jupiter and Juno were found here.
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A reinterpretation of the figures as being that of Asclepius, god of medicine has led to the attribution of the temple to Asclepius and Hygea.




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