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Pistrinum

Description of the Pistrinum (Ins oII, 8)

The Pistrinum, or bakery, occupies a central location on the east side of Cardo V. Inside the bakery, the whole cycle of bread-making from milling the grain to baking the bread, which came in a variety of forms, was carried out.

For a fuller description of a pistrinum, see Shops and Businesses.
The pistor (baker) was possibly Sextus Patulcius Felix, as evidenced by a signet ring found here.
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On the south side of the main room (a) are two flour mills (b) (pictured above and opposite). The mills consist of a catullus rotating on a cone-shaped centre set on a masonry base. To enable to millstone to be turned (either by slave or mule), a wooden beam was slotted into the hole in the catullus. In this particular bakery it can be assumed that the mills were turned by mules or donkeys due to the discovery of their remains on the premises.

The room (e) at the rear of the bakery was probably the dough preparation room where mixers and kneaders mixed up the dough in large stone bowls and worked it into shape ready for baking.
Twenty-five round bronze baking pans were found in this room. The prepared loaves were then placed in the oven (c) for baking.
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The baked bread was then removed for storage or sale. Due to the limited space available, it seems unlikely that the bread was sold directly from the bakery.
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The Pistrinum at No. 8 described here is one of two bakeries in the block.  The second bakery (pictured opposite) is at No. 1.
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