Exploratory excavations were carried out in several places around Boscoreale at the end of the 19th century by private individuals, usually the landowners.
These less than scientific excavations continued well into the 20th century, producing many artifacts that were subsequently carted off to collections around the world.
The farmsteads were part of a dense network of smallholdings situated on the lower slopes of the volcano and on the adjacent plain of Sarno. They were generally family-run or employed a few slaves.
Whilst frescoes, mosaics, and other 'treasure trove' were the goal of the excavators, the less glamourous finds, including farm buildings and implements are no less important historically.
The excavations provide a picture of the various stages in the  agricultural activities of the region, above all wine and olive oil production, which mainly catered for local demand.
In this way about 30 villae rusticae have been re-discovered, although this can only be a fraction the large number of farmsteads that once populated the area.

Summary Details

Name or Description
Area (Sq.m)
No of Rooms
Decoration and Comments
Villa Regina
TBA TBA A rustic villa consisting of various rooms round three sides of an open courtyard.
N/A Villa Pisanella
Split into two parts, the familly's living quarters and a working area made up of a bakery, a stable, presses for wine and oil and dormitories for the slaves.
N/A Villa of Publius Fannius Synistor
The villa was decorated in the second style, with frescoes similar in style to those in the Villa of the Mysteries.

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