Unhappy Exiles - Convicts of the Pitt & Kitty 1792

For the first time, this book brings together the stories of the men and women on board the Pitt, and the Kitty, two convict transport ships that arrived in NSW in 1792. Old Bailey trials are used to portray life on the streets of London in 1790, and official letters and an account by Dr Edward Laing, describe onboard conditions and events.

The struggle of coping with meagre rations and the harsh climate is outlined in a calendar of events in NSW in 1792. Detailed biographies reveal the stories of the convicts and soldiers, and free passengers are also listed.

 Lydia Farrell (c.1757 - 1823) was one of the convict women on the Pitt.

Unhappy Exiles is the third book by Marion Starr exploring the lives of early colonial convicts in Australia.

First published 2016

ISBN: 978 0 9750221 2 2

320 pages © Marion Starr


.".. invaluable to all historians seeking to piece together the patchwork of lives that coalesced as new families and communities."

 Carol Liston , Western Sydney University

President, Royal Australian Historical Society

Unhappy Exiles is dedicated to Lydia Farrell, who arrived on the Pitt.


Cost: $40 plus $9 postage within Australia

Preferred payment by bank transfer (EFT)

To order your signed copy please contact the author Marion Starr twinks@ozemail.com.au


James Gough - a very industrious man

Announcing the publication of a new colonial history book that tells the story  of James Gough (1790 - 1876) convict builder, who arrived on the Earl Spencer in 1813, transported for life.

This book covers his life in NSW in detail from his arrival in 1813; his colonial crime; work at the Parramatta Lumberyard and Old Government House; marriage and children with Ann Cain; the Old Supreme Courthouse, Sydney; patronage from William Cox at Sydney and Windsor; managing the White Hart inn; work on the church schools at the Hawkesbury (including his original tenders); the Berrima Jail fiasco with John Richards; life at Sutton Forest with Mary Allen (nee Sherwin) and their children; a brief stay at Cockatoo Island and an Absolute Pardon in 1842. Evidence given by Gough in a number of NSW court records provides contemporary information and confirms his business relationships with William Cox, and Dr. William Sherwin. Intriguing details of his English ancestry not previously known are also revealed after a chance discovery in an old newspaper of a legacy.

208 pages; 16 pages of illustrations containing 29 images, (including photos inside the roof of the Old Supreme Courthouse, a collection of 19th century tools, and a letter from James Gough); bios of family members; 313 reference sources.

Price: $35  plus $9 postage within Australia

To order your copy please contact Marion twinks@ozemail.com.au


James Gough had 10 surviving children and 74 known grandchildren. 

How many can claim to be part of the Gough Family tree today? 

Family names: Baldwin, Billingsley, Dundas, Eather, Forrester, Horsley, Johnson, Roberts, Robinson, Sewell, Sherwin, South, Walker, Ward.

Murder, Mayhem  & Misdemeanours:Early Settlers at the Cowpasture River NSW 1810-1830 



Where have yer been? Coghill asked

Why at Seymour’s drinken’! replied Jimmy

On Saturday las’ ole Tom Seymour brought up a keg of the best stuff I ‘ave ever ‘ad in the colony!


Re-formatted to a larger size and with easy to read text, this new edition still contains all the real life stories of the ex-convict characters that lived at the early settlement along the Cowpastures River in the early 1820s. Based on actual court records there are stories of theft, bushranging, arson, brawling and murder. Stealing pigs and cattle were common pastimes and the sly grog shops did a roaring trade in illicit rum sales.

With fully sourced biographical details for 122 people, this is an excellent family and local history resource. As well there are detailed maps of the land grants and a convict trail that traces the location of the events in the stories. Anyone with convict ancestors and an interest in Australian colonial history will want to buy this book. 

SOME SURNAMES: Boyd, Campbell, Clements, Farrell, Fieldhouse, Fletcher, Foley, Galvin, Geary, Herbert, Higgins, Hoare, Hutchinson, Jackson, Jamieson, Knight, Lamb, Love, Maxwell, Mc Lucas, Mc Guire, Neale, Nettleton, Ryan, Scott, Seymour, Stuckey, Trotter, Tyson, Wainwright, Watsford, Wells, Wood.


Congratulatons! Your book brings to life many early pioneers of the Camden district. This book will be of great interest and use to many family researchers and future historians. 

John Wrigley, Camden Historical Society NSW


The whole book is exemplary in its scholarly cross referencing to primary sources, its indexes of convicts, details from the 1822 Muster and maps. It is a most valuable source for anyone researching the lives of these early settlers and convicts, and is a very thorough historical study.

E.C. Best, Society of Australian Genealogists

Price: $30 plus $9 postage within Australia.

To order your copy please contact Marion twinks@ozemail.com.au

(Marion is a descendant of Mary Higgins, the daughter of Robert Higgins and Lydia Farrell, from Mary's marriage to the convict, Thomas Seymour)

The facts about Mary Higgins - (1795 -1867)

correcting the errors that appear in many family trees

Mary Higgins was born about 1795 in Sydney. She was not born on Norfolk Island. (The Mary Higgins recorded in the Norfolk Island Victualling Book was not related and was a convict from the Lady Juliana who lived at Norfolk Island from 7 Sept 1790 to 3 Sept 1808.)

Her parents were Robert Higgins (NSW Corps) and Lydia Farrell, convict, (Pitt 1792). (Lydia's name was recorded in all records in the UK and NSW as Farrell not Blair. There is no evidence or any sources linking her to this name. This is a complete fabrication.)

Robert Higgins and Lydia Farrell only had four children: Mary, Elizabeth, John, Sarah. (The Robert Higgins who arrived as a convict in 1811 per Admiral Gambier (2), married Ann Owens in 1814, and was a landowner at Bargo and the Burragorang Valley, was not related.)

Mary Higgins married Thomas Seymour, convict, (Admiral Gambier 1811) at St John's Church, Parramatta in 1814. ( NSWBDM 1814 1604 3A) Seymour had been assigned to her father in 1812. They had seven children.

About 1830 Mary Seymour left her husband and lived with William Ryan, convict (Surrey 1(2) 1816) in the Illawarra district and they had four children. Mary remained married to Thomas Seymour and did not marry William Ryan. (The Mary A Higgins who married a William Ryan in 1866 at Albury is not related. She was the daughter of David Higgins and his wife Mary and was born in 1840. (NSW BDM 294 61/1840)

Mary Seymour died at Dapto NSW in 1867. (NSWBDM 1867 1427 116)

Thomas Seymour died at The Oaks NSW in 1865. (NSWBDM 1865 55920)

William Ryan died at Dapto NSW in 1884. (NSWBDM 1884 10241) His convict records confirm he was born in 1793 so was aged 91 not 102 as reported in the Illawarra paper)



 Narellan Hidden Treasures

Pam Browne & Marion Starr

Published by WRARG 2007, A4 x 76 pages

This book commemorates the 180 years since the founding of the settlement at Narellan NSW with 37 full page pen & ink drawings by Marion Starr, and detailed information about the heritage buildings of the district by Pam Browne. As well as the stately colonial houses like Wivenhoe, Gledswood, Harrington Park, Orielton, Smeaton Grange, and Glenlee, there are also historic churches, schools, shops, stables and cottages.


It is a wonderful companion book to Murder, Mayhem & Misdemeanours as the book includes many of the buildings from the same historical period such as Galvin’s Cottage, Kirkham Stables, The Convict Lockup, Oxley Cottage, St Thomas’ School Church and Wivenhoe.




Unhappy Exiles - Convicts of the Pitt & Kitty 1792


Female Convicts of the Pitt & Kitty 1792

Aspland, Miah

Atkinson, Ann

Blandford, Alisha 

Bolton, Bridget  

Brooke, Ann (elder)

Brooke, Ann (younger)

Brown, Ann

Brown, Mary

Bryant, Katherine

Bull, Eleanor

Burk, Rose

Burton, Rachael

Cassidy, Mary

Chambers, Elizabeth

Clark, Cecilia

Clough, Elizabeth

Collins, Eleanor

Cook, Maria Ann

Cowley, Judith

Cummins, Elizabeth

Daly, Sarah

Davies, Elizabeth

Davies, Rachael

Dempsey, Martha

Dickens, Mary

Evans, Catherine

Farrell, Lydia

Ferguson, Katherine

Fisher, Hannah,

Fitzpatrick, Bridget

Flinn, Mary

Ford, Ann

Gardner, Sarah

Glossop, Ann

Graham, Eupham

Gulliver, Elizabeth

Haggerty, Catherine

Hanstead, Bridget

Hayes, Ann

Hernyman, Betty

House, Mary

Hughes, Mary

Hugo, Mary Ann

Hyland, Elizabeth

Jackson, Catherine

Johnson, Janet

Jones, Mary 1 Pitt

Jones, Mary 2 Kitty

Kelly, Eleanor

Keyes, Ann (arrived as Hayes)

King, Ann

Kirk, Sarah

Laurie, Helen

Linch, Mary

Martin, Mary

Matthews, Ann

Matthews, Elizabeth

Mckenzie, Amelia

McLean, Sarah

Miell, Diana (also Dinah)

Munday, Jane (also Mundy)

Nairn, Susannah

Newland, Ann

Owen, Mary

Parsons, Mary

Partridge, Mary

Pearson, Ann

Richards, Margaret

Selwyn, Elizabeth

Sharp, Jane

Short, Ann

Shrieve, Elizabeth

Smith, Mary (1)

Smith, Mary (2)

Stroud, Charlotte

Swain, Mary

Wade, Elizabeth Ann

Walden, Sarah

Watkins, Jane

Wheatley, Hannah

White, Rose

Wilson, Jane

Wood, Jane

Wright, Elizabeth

Yates, Elizabeth