Recent site activity

Home‎ > ‎

Edward Day Cohota

Edward Day Cohota, a Chinese soldier serving in the American Civil War and the US-Native American War


Research collections and compiling websites on Edward Day Cohota

by Gordon Kwok


Picture credit: Thomas P. Lowry
 
 

Introduction

The ship gave him new life. The ship took him to America from China. The ship, Cohota, gave this 4 years old starving Chinese boy his new last name. His middle name came from the captain of the ship, captain Day. Edward was the first name given to him, and he started his new life in Gloucester, Massachusetts, an New England fishing port/city.

This is the saga of Edward Day Cohota -------------

 

(Webmaster's note: The film producer Monty Hom would like to get a posthumous U.S. citizenship for Edward Day Cohota, and to all other Asians serving in the American Civil War. He contacted Congressman Mike Honda for help in around 2002. Congressman Honda filed a House Bill H. J. Res. 45 in around 2003 and worked with various Chinese civic organizations to lobby the bill. After years of hard work by various groups, the U.S. House of Representative passed this resolution honoring the contributions of Asian Americans & Pacific Islanders soldiers and Navy combatants during the U.S. Civil War, and the news was announced by the office of Congressman Mike Honda in July 30, 2008.)

 
July 30, 2008 Contact: Jose Dante Parra: 202.225.3327
jose.parra@mail.house.gov
 
 

House passes resolution honoring the contributions of AAPI soldiers during the U.S. Civil War

 

 




Washington, DC – The U.S. House of Representatives today passed a resolution honoring Asian American and Pacific Islander soldiers who fought in the U.S. Civil War, culminating a five-year long battle by Rep. Mike Honda (D-CA) to help correct the historical record.

Historians have recently uncovered evidence that hundreds of soldiers of AAPI (Asian American & Pacific Islander) heritage fought on both the Union and Confederate sides, continuing a long tradition of significant AAPI contributions to the history of the United States since the Colonial Era. H. Res. 415 posthumously honors Edward Day Cohota and Joseph Pierce, both of Chinese ancestry, as examples of this overlooked group of men.

“The history of America would be totally different without the contributions of Asian Americans. From hard labor building the transcontinental railroad linking our coasts, to the academic contributions ranging from philosophy to medicine, Asian Americans have been an integral part of making our country great,” said Rep. Mike Honda. “I am pleased that heroes such as Pierce and Cohota will finally take the place they deserve in our nation’s memory.”

The resolution, co-sponsored by more than 50 legislators from both parties, focuses on the actions of Cohota and Pierce, the two most widely documented AAPI Civil War soldiers. Cohota’s comrades gave testimony of the seven bullet holes in his coat during the battle of Drury Bluff. Pierce fought at the Battle of Gettysburg, volunteering for a dangerous assault on Bliss Farm, a bloody no-man’s land between the Union and Confederate armies. Both men were Union soldiers.

Despite the sacrifice of hundreds of men such as Pierce and Cohota, the bigoted laws of the day denied them the right to naturalize as U.S. Citizens. Honda said this resolution was the least that could be done to honor their memory.

“As a teacher and an educator of more than 30 years, I believe our students should learn about these exploits in their history books; they should learn that from the start our country’s history has been rich in diversity,” Honda said. “Also it is very important for our community to see their ancestors’ contribution acknowledged. I thank groups such as the Chinese American Citizens Alliance and all my colleagues in Congress who made possible this long overdue resolution.”


 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 
http://sites.google.com/site/accsacw/Home/mccunn1
Edward Day Cohota, researched and contributed by Ruthanne Lum McCunn, 1995.
Ruthanne's research could be found in this web site.
Cohota's Chinese name is LO Sun (phonetic translation from Cantonese to English), {LO (family name) Sun (first name)}
His first name "Sun" means "new" in Chinese.
In mandarin language, the name would be LOO Sing.
Credit of this discovery goes to Monty Hom.
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Edward Day Cohota, Chinese Civil War Veteran (broken link)
Edward Day Cohota, Chinese Civil War Veteran
(Chinese immigrant who fought for freedom in America.)
Chinese Served in Civil War; At Fort Niobrara
Written by Will Spindler, in around 1970's, (Webmaster's note: Anna Lindsay,"Elizabeth Cohota Bouza's Story" {Elizabeth Cohota Bouza is the daughter of Edward Day Cohota} undated clipping, files of Marilu Cooper. Bouza's "story" was repeated in Will Spindler's "Oriental Accent Given to Sheridan County During its Early History" Sheridan Country Star, July 6, 1967, which was later reprinted as "Chinaman Served in Civil War," Western Outlook, April 1971.) and was transcribed and posted on the internet By Marianne Beel, a local Nebraska historian and writer, around 2001.

(Webmaster's notes: This is an important piece of document. As we don't know how long the link will last in the internet, it is important to preserved the history. Therefore, the webmaster would re-print the article here and preserve the text, just in case that some day, we might lose the internet link, and the text could be preserved. Of course, the credit of this article belongs to Marianne Beel, local Nebraska historian and writer, and the Cherry County NEGenWeb Project, Nebraska.)

EDWARD DAY COHOTA, CIVIL WAR VETERAN
( Chinese immigrant who fought for freedom in America.)

Chinaman* Served in Civil War; At Fort Niobrara

(Published in Western Outlook, Ogallala, during early 1970s. Exact date unknown. Written by Will Spindler as told to him by Elizabeth Cohota Bouza.)

With the passing at Parmalee, South Dakota, on Nov. 18, 1935, of Edward Day Cohota, nearly 93, the United States lost one of its most colorful and revered citizens, as well as the only full-blood Chinese to serve in the Union Army during the Civil War.

On December 27, 1845, Captain Silas S. Day left Shanghai, China, on his ship Cohota. Two days later two small Chinese boys were discovered aboard the ship. They were half starved and did not know their names.

This left Captain Day in a dilemma. He decided not to turn back, rather to raise the boys as his own. They were about six and four years old. The eldest boy died a few days later and was buried at sea.

He named the little survivor Edward Day and brought him up aboard the Cohota and in his home. Edward became interested in the sea, and when old enough he became a cabin boy.

When the captain retired he took Edward to his home at Gloucester, Massachusetts, where he grew up. And when Edward wanted another name, he was named after the ship on which he was found; Edward Day Cohota. December 27, the day he was found aboard ship, was taken as his birthday.

In February of 1864, Edward joined the 23rd Massachusetts Infantry and served his adopted country through the rest of the Civil War. Part of his time was served under General Ulysses S. Grant. At the battle of Cold Harbor, a bullet grazed his head which left a permanent part in his hair. At the end of the war in 1865 he was mustered out at New Bern, North Carolina.

Returning to Gloucester he could find no work so he returned to the sea. While in Boston he met a recruiting sergeant whom he had known in the service. In the fall of 1866, he re-enlisted and was soon on his way to Texas. He said his longest walk was when his outfit marched from Kit Carson, Kansas, to San Antonio, Texas. Blisters formed on his shoulder from carrying a heavy rifle and blisters covered his feet from shoes too large.

Edward served in Texas; New Mexico; Fort Sheridan, Illinois; Fort Randall, South Dakota; and Fort Niobrara, near Valentine, Nebraska. While at Fort Randall he said he stood guard over Indian chief Sitting Bull and spoke of him as a friendly chief.

In 1883 Edward and Anna Halstensen were married in the Episcopal Church at Fort Randall, a large church built in 1875 of native chalk rock by the soldiers and pioneer settlers.

Six children were born to the couple: Lucy Ingaborg, Edward Wood, Elizabeth "Lizzy" Dorothea, William Day, Daisy Mary and Miles, who died as an infant. Anna Day died February 13, 1899, and was buried at Fort Niobrara near Valentine.

After Anna's death, Cohota cared for the children until he became ill. The three youngest were sent to the Nebraska Children's Home in Omaha. All were sent to different homes.

In 1907 Lizzy forwarded a chain letter to Lucy and addressed to Fort Niobrara, which had closed in 1906. But the letter reached Lucy and Lizzie returned to the old family home to initiate efforts to locate Willie and Daisy.

Not until 1919 did they locate Willie in South Carolina where he was in the U.S. Army. He came home for Christmas. Daisy was not located until 1934 when Edward Day was a resident of Battle Mountain sanitarium at Hot Springs, South Dakota. At that time an inmate of his ward noticed the name plate, Cohota, on the bed and asked if he had relatives in Nebraska. The man's father had adopted a little girl named Daisy Cohota in 1900.

Edward contacted Lucy who wrote to Daisy in California where she lived with her architect husband and three sons. "My father's wish has been fulfilled," Daisy wrote. "I am Daisy, his long-lost daughter and I am so anxious to know everything."

Daisy said her adoptive mother remembered how she talked about her family all of the time and knew her father was good to her because she loved him so.

In 1934 Daisy came home for a visit so Edward Day Cohota managed to see all of his family once again before he died. At the time Lucy Kraus lived in Parmalee, South Dakota; Lizzie Bouza in White River, South Dakota; Edward W. in Valentine, Nebraska; William in Chicago, Illinois; and Daisy Martin in California.

Edward Day Cohota died on November 18, 1935 and was buried November 20 at Mt. Hope Cemetery, Valentine, Nebraska. Last rites were performed by Minnechadusa Lodge 192 A.F. & A.M. He was a life member of Arcania Lodge 97 of Armour, South Dakota, in which he was raised to the sublime degree of a Master Mason in 1884.

The author contacted Captain Day's daughter and she confirmed how two Chinese boys were found on board the ship, Cohota, two days out of Shanghai on December 27, 1845. Captain Day's home had become a museum.

While reminiscing, Lizzie Cohota Bouza said: "In 1898, in spite of his 30 years of army service, Dad wanted to enlist again to help his adopted country whip Spain. But he couldn't go then as Mother was ill and he had six children to support. After Mother's death, he went into the restaurant business in Valentine. Then in 1917, because of failing health, he entered the Battle Mountain sanitarium at Hot Springs, South Dakota, where he spent a number of years."

In 1928 Cohota had gone back to Gloucester to review his boyhood and there met a man who said Cohota had carried him from the battlefield in the battle of Cold Harbor by the name of William E. Low.

An incidence that Cohota often related to his children with amusement was that he had voted the Republican ticket for 30 years before he discovered he was not a citizen of the United States. President Lincoln has said that all soldiers serving in the Civil War would automatically become citizens. But the president's assassination took place before that could become law.

About 1929, an article in the Rapid City Daily Journal gave tribute to Edward Day Cohota:

"It is not an uncommon thing to see a grand old gentleman at the national sanitarium standing uncovered and at attention at "flag-down." This refined, splendid looking old gentleman, who stands with such reverence and respect for the flag of his adopted country, is Edward Day Cohota, the only native-born Chinaman who went through the Civil War.

"His retirement pay was still coming when he arrived at the sanitarium, but he soon took a final discharge from the army and applied for a pension as a Civil War veteran. His claim was allowed at $72 per month."

(A letter reprinted June 9, 1899, in the Republican, Valentine, Nebraska, adds more information. The letter dated June 4, 1899 to Mrs. Charles Sherman in Valentine was from her sister, Irma Allen, in Omaha. Allen possibly was employed or a volunteer at the Nebraska Children's Home.

The letter told of the death of "our little Chinese Baby Miles Cohota. We had all learned to love him very dearly and had several homes in view for him."

She said, however, that he had not been well and that abscesses had formed on his leg although he was under treatment by "one of the best physicians in the city."

Allen wrote that Baby Miles was placed in a "pretty coffin" and buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Omaha, with Rev. Phillips, "one of the state board," officiating.)

His son Edward W. died in 1958 and is buried at Mt. Hope Cemetery.

(Webnaster's Note: Chinaman*

The term "Chinaman" is a politically incorrect term, and an unacceptable word in today's lingual. However, it was commonly used in the 19th Centuary to refer to Chinese people. In order to be truthful to the original text, the webmaster decided not to change any word of the text. Please bear in mind that the proper word "Chinese" should be used to replace the word "Chinaman".)

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Civil War Author Thomas P. Lowry wrote and published a 24 pages (28 pages including the cover and back pages) booklet on Edward Day Cohota in 2008. I helped him in the Chinese translation on the cover picture headings.

The title of the booklet is "A Chinese Soldier in The Indian Wars."

It traced his military career from the Civil War to his 30+ years serving in the U.S.----Indian Wars.

If anyone who is interested to purchase his booklet, please contact Thomas P. Lowry with this email address.

civilwarjustice@aol.com


Chinese who served in the Union Army
Chinese who served in the Union Army, posted by Mary O'Donnell, the great great granddaughter of Edward Day Cohota, May 17, 1998.
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chinese who served in the Union Army
Chinese who served in the Union Army, posted by LWC Low on May 23, 1998, in response to the question posted by Mary O'Donnell, the great great granddaughter of Edward Day Cohota.
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chinese who served in the Union Army
Chinese who served in the Union Army, posted by Stephanie Fan, Chinese Historical Society of New England, June 8, 1998.
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 
Edward Day Cohota, researched and written by Ruthanne Lum McCunn in 1996. Please refer to her rearch work.

Edward Day Cohota, a summarized version based on the article written by Tom Lowry and Ed. Milligan from the North and South Civil War magazine, April 1999. Please refer to Lowry's work. 
 
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 

Chinese found to have fought in U.S. Civil War
Chinese found to have fought in U.S. Civil War, by the Agence France Presse, 1999.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 

Posthumous Citizenship for Asian Civil War Soldiers. This project is initiated by my friend Monty Hom. 

NEWS From: Congressman Mike Honda FIFTEENTH DISTRICT - CALIFORNIA (broken link)
NEWS From: Congressman Mike Honda, FIFTEENTH DISTRICT - CALIFORNIA, April 2, 2003

(Webmaster's note: the internet link of the text is broken. However, I have saved a copy of a version of the text.)

(Congresman Michael Honda's Letter)

Posthumous Citizenship for Asian Civil War Soldiers

Dear Colleague:

Later this week I will be introducing a resolution that calls upon the United States Government to posthumously confer honorary citizenship upon those soldiers of Asian descent who fought in the Civil War and were unable to become American citizens following the war. Research has uncovered evidence of over 250 soldiers of Asian descent who served in the Union and Confederate Armies and Navies during the United States Civil War. Some gave their lives for this country in battle, while others suffered life-long injuries. These soldiers fought bravely during the Civil War.

Unfortunately, these soldiers were prevented from becoming citizens upon conclusion of their service, a right normally granted to foreigners who join the US military. The anti-Asian sentiment of the era led to the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, not only restricting legal Chinese immigration to the United States, but also prohibiting those immigrants already in the US from becoming citizens. Similar restrictions expanded to people arriving from India, Japan, Korea, the Philippines and other Asian countries. The stories of these brave soldiers are too numerous to recount, but let me share the story of one man who struggled for years to gain citizenship in his adopted country. Edward Day Cohota of Company I, 23rd Massachusetts Infantry enlisted in February 1864. He saw combat at Drury’s Bluff, Petersburg, and Cold Harbor. In that same battle, he saved the life of William E. Low, who had been struck in the jaw and rendered helpless by shock and blood loss. After the war, Cohota enlisted in the 15th Infantry, serving an additional thirty years on the frontier. Despite thirty-two years of loyal military service, Cohota was denied homestead in 1912, because he was not a citizen. Officials told him that he could never be a citizen. Cohota, however, did not hold ill will toward the country that had denied him citizenship. In fact, the man stood with his hat off at attention, with reverence and respect as the flag was lowered each evening until his death in 1935. If you wish to learn more about other Asian soldiers who fought in the Civil War, please visit the links listed below.

Although few in numbers, Asians enlisted more than their share during the Civil War. In 1861, for instance, there were a total of eleven Chinese in Connecticut – including men, women, and children – two of whom volunteered. They risked their lives and declared their allegiances as vigorously as any other group, whether Union or Confederate. It is only just that their contributions now be honored.

Honorary citizenship is conferred by the United States on rare occasions to individuals who have made extraordinary contributions to this country or to humankind. It is and should remain an extraordinary honor not lightly conferred nor frequently granted.

I believe that for their contribution to our nation’s history, and the injustices done to them in the face of their patriotism, soldiers of Asian descent who fought in the Civil War and were subsequently denied the chance to become citizens are worthy of being posthumously granted honorary citizenship of the United States.

I hope you will join me in this effort. If you would like to co-sponsor the resolution or would like more information, please contact Liz Lee at 5-2631 or at Elizabeth.Lee@mail.house.gov. Sincerely,

MICHAEL M. HONDA


MOMENTUM BUILDS TO SUPPORT CITIZENSHIP FOR ASIAN CIVIL WAR VETERANS By Carolyn H. Chan, National Communications Chair, Chinese American Citizens Alliance National Organization, 2003.
 
(Abridged version)
 
TUCSON - November 22, 2003 - The presence of Sharon O'Connor and her son Britton Dornquast at the annual Thanksgiving dinner of the Tucson Lodge sparked enthusiastic support for H. J. Res. 45, Congressman Michael Honda's bill to grant posthumous, honorary citizenship to Asian soldiers who fought in the Civil War.

Ms. O'Connor, a Tucson psychotherapist, is the great granddaughter of Edward Day Cohota, the Chinese veteran who, despite saving another soldier's life during 30 years service in the Union Army, was unable to obtain American citizenship. Cohota was hampered in his pursuit of citizenship by the 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act, which was not repealed until December 17, 1943.
Ms. O'Connor shared photographs of Cohota, copies of his pension applications and discharge papers, newspaper clippings featuring his life's story, and stories told to her by her grandmother. She skillfully related delightful, humorous anecdotes that brought Cohota to life for the audience. O'Connor added, "I am especially pleased to hear that the Board of Supervisors of the City and County of San Francisco unanimously passed a resolution to support H.J. Res. 45 and will relay this information to their Congressional delegation, requesting their action to facilitate the bill's passage." The San Francisco resolution, through the efforts of Faye Lee, San Francisco Lodge president, was passed appropriately on November 11, 2003 - Veterans Day.

The steps that the Alliance has taken thus far impressed both Cohota's great granddaughter and great great grandson and they are taking action to add synergy to these efforts. They will seek support in an upcoming interview in the Tucson Citizen soon and promise to share that news story with us.

The brief videotape of Sam Chu Lin's news story about the Chinese veterans of the Civil War was shown, followed by Grand Executive Carolyn Chan's update on the efforts of the Chinese American Citizens Alliance to get Rep. Honda's legislation passed and signed by President Bush. The bill presently has 40 co-sponsors and is presently in the Sub-Committee on Immigration, Border Security, and Claims.
Grand President Saykin Foo has sent a copy of Sam Chu Lin's news story about the bill, news clippings, and a letter to the members of the Sub-Committee to request that they move the bill for consideration by the full House of Representatives. Letters have also been sent to leaders of the Senate seeking co-sponsors of a companion bill, including Senator John McCain, and to President Bush. It is hoped that passage in both Houses of Congress will result in President Bush's signing of the bill. Each lodge has been requested to participate in a letter-writing campaign.

Carolyn Chan stated, "At a reception at the Grand Lodge Headquarters in San Francisco on December 20th, the Alliance is commemorating the 60th Anniversary of the Repeal of the repressive 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act. Each member is asked to reflect on the Act¹s negative impact on your lives and that of your families. Be ever vigilant that this type of legislation that impeded Edward Day Cohota's citizenship is never passed again."
 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 

 
 
H.J. RES  45 Asian Civil War Veterans Law's Anniversay Tied to Citizenship for Civil War Vets
By Sam Chu Lin, Special to AsianWeek, Nov 28, 2003


 
(Abridged version)
 
"The recognition of Edward Day Cohota and the awarding of U.S. citizenship to him and others helps to illustrate that Chinese and other Asian [Pacific] Americans have a long history of patriotism in this country," said Carolyn Chan, a national CACA (Chinese American Citizens Alliance) leader from Albuquerque, N.M. "They've contributed much to this country despite the adversity they have had to face."

This past weekend, CACA members from Albuquerque, Phoenix and Tucson, met with Sharon O'Connor, Cohota's great-granddaughter, and his great-great grandson Britton Dornquast at a Thanksgiving dinner in Tucson. The meeting was an opportunity to see what could be done to speed up the process to win U.S. citizenship for Cohota, who died in 1935 after fighting unsuccessfully for a lifetime to accomplish that goal.
"The recognition of Edward Day Cohota and the awarding of U.S. citizenship to him and others helps to illustrate that Chinese and other Asian [Pacific] Americans have a long history of patriotism in this country," said Carolyn Chan, a national CACA leader from Albuquerque, N.M. "They've contributed much to this country despite the adversity they have had to face."
"I think Arizona should help lead in this effort since Sharon O'Connor lives in the state," said Eddie Yue, a national CACA board member from Phoenix.
 
When O'Connor spoke to the dinner guests, she found them enthusiastic and interested in her great-grandfather's story. After a television news story about Cohota was screened, she shared with the audience family heirlooms, including her great-grandfather's discharge papers and photographs.

"I thought they were a group of wonderful people," O'Connor said. "They seemed very interested in helping in every way they could to make it possible for this citizenship bill to get through. My son is also enthusiastic about this and is helping to collect petitions."

Contemplating the legislation's significance, she added, "I think all of those men who served in that war should be given citizenship.
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 
(The internet link is removed, since it is a broken link.) 
American Experience: A Chinese story, Edward Day Cohota, December 18, 2003, grand opening of the Chinese-American Museum of Los Angeles.
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
(The internet link is removed, since it is a broken link.) 
A Chinese soldier in Nebraska, Edward Day Cohota, by the Chinese-American Museum of Chicago, stroll down the webpage and find the article.
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Chinese Soldiers Fought in U.S. Civil War---by Jim Garamone
The material of this website is based on my website.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 

  

Oil painting of Cohota, the ship. Name of the painting: Gold Rush Twilight, by Christopher Blossom. (The harbor of San Francisco, California.)

This is an independent confirmation of the existence of the ship, Cohota, and some artist had observed it and painted it.
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
Historical documentation showing the ship, Cohota reached macao on 22 October 1844 

Historical documentation showing the ship, Cohota left the United States on 22 June 1844 and reached Macao on 22 October 1844. The location of Macao is very close to Hong Kong, in Kwangtung Province, China.
This is an independent confirmation of the existence of the ship, Cohota, and in 1844, record showed the ship Cohota reached Macao.

The following is the transcript:

Ricci Roundtable on the History of Christianity in China

Happer, Andrew Patton, 1818-1894

Religious Affiliation: American Presbyterian Mission, North (Protestant)

Sources: Wylie # 71; Henry V. Noyes, "In Memoriam: Rev. A. P. Happer, M.D., D.D., LL.D.", Chinese Recorder 26 (Jan 1895), p. 31; Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions (1998), p. 279.

Compiler: R.G. Tiedemann

American missionary (Presbyterian) (male) Born 20 October 1818 at Washington near Monongahela, Pennsylvania, in U.S.A., the child of Baptist Happer, and Ann Arrell. Was educated at Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Pennsylvania (B.A. 1835); Western Theological Seminary, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (A.M. 1843); University of Pennsylvania (M.D. 1844). 1844 entered the American Presbyterian Mission, North (AP) in Philadelphia. Was ordained 1844. Arrived in China 1844 . Worked in South China Mission as medical doctor and educator. Principal stations include Hongkong (1844-1845); Macao (1845-1847); Guangzhou, Guangdong (1847-1854, 1859-1891). Married (1) Catherine Elizabeth Susan Ball, eldest daughter of Dyer Ball, on 11 November 1847 at Guangzhou, Guangdong; (2) A.L. Elliott in 1869; (3) Hannah J. Shaw of the AP mission, Guangzhou, in 1875. Had issue: 5 children from his first wife. Left China 1891. Died 1894 at Wooster, Ohio, U.S.A.

Additional Comments: Upon graduation from Jefferson College, Happer taught school for five years. He left the United States in the (ship)

Cohota

with Lloyd, Loomis and Culbertson on 22 June 1844 and reached Macao on 22 October 1844. He worked in the Morrison Education Society school in Hongkong from November 1844 until April 1845 and opened a mission school at Macao in May 1845. He left on furlough for the U.S.A. in December 1854 and returned to Guangzhou in September 1859. Having turned over the medical work to Dr. John G. Kerr in 1854, Happer devoted himself to education. During the 1850s he established several day schools and training facilities for Chinese pastors and teachers. In 1862 he organized the First Presbyterian Church in Guangzhou; in 1886 he founded Canton Christian College, now Lingnan University. Happer was an early opponent of the Taiping movement.

Decorations, Honors: D.D. from Jefferson College in 1864

Archival Material: AP Archives, Philadelphia [get the current 'official' name of the repository]

Literature: A.P. Happer, The State of Religion in China (1881); A.P. Happer, Influence of the College in the Civilization of the World (1895).
Loren W. Crabtree, "Andrew P. Happer and Presbyterian Missions in China, 1844-1891", Journal of Presbyterian History 62 (1984), pp. 19-34.

Persons Index: Happer, Andrew Patton / Loomis, Augustus Ward / Culbertson, Michael Simpson / Lloyd, John / Ball, Dyer / Ball, Catherine Elizabeth Susan (1st Mrs. A.P. Happer) / Elliott, A.L. (2nd Mrs. A.P. Happer) / Shaw, Hannah J. (3rd Mrs. A.P. Happer) / Haba Ande / Ha-pa An-te / Kerr, John Glasgow

Subject Index: Guangzhou, Guangdong / Guangdong / Macao / Hongkong / American Presbyterian Mission, North / Canton Christian College / Lingnan University / Morrison Education Society / Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, Board of Foreign Missions
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
 
 
Historical documentation showing the ship, Cohota reached Macao on 6 October 1846.

Historical documentation showing the ship, Cohota left the United States on 29 June 1846 and reached Macao on 6 October 1846. The location of Macao is very close to Hong Kong, in Kwangtung Province, China.
This is an independent confirmation of the existence of the ship, Cohota, and in 1846, record showed the ship Cohota reached Macao.

The following is the transcript:

Ricci Roundtable on the History of Christianity in China

Jencks, Erasmus N.

Religious Affiliation: American Baptist Missionary Union (Protestant)

Reference Aids: Wylie, Memorials of Protestant Missionaries to the Chinese, p. 155.

Compiler: R.G. Tiedemann

Erasmus N. Jencks, American missionary (Baptist) (male), was born in Massachusetts, ca. 1822.
Being ordained to the ministry, he was appointed missionary to the Chinese by the American Baptist Missionary Union (ABMU). He left New York in the ship

Cohota

on 29 June 1846, with his wife, the Revs. W. Dean, S. C. Clopton, and George Pearcy, with their wives. They arrived at Macao on 6 October 1846. Jencks proceeded from Hongkong to Bangkok, Siam, in the same year. There he made rapid progress with the language, but soon afterwards Mrs. Jencks' failing health compelled them to leave the field. They left Bangkok in November 1847, returned to China via Singapore, and embarked at Whampoa on 12 April 1848 in the Valparaiso for the United States. Mrs. Jencks died at sea. Erasmus Jencks remarried and engaged in ministerial labors in the United States, having dissolved his connection with the ABMU. IN 1860 he was a minister in Illinois; in the 1880 census he is listed as a Co. Surveyor in Lone Tree Township, Clay Co., Iowa.

E. N. Jencks married Caroline Baldwin on 6 February 1846. She was the daughter of the Rev. Daniel Baldwin, of Milford, Connecticut. [Note: Wylie gives her name as Susan Baldwin.] She died at sea on 27 June 1848, in latitude 32° 10' South, longitude 14° East, and her remains were committed to the deep the following day.
They had issue:
William Jencks.

Literature:

Archival Material: Archives of the American Baptist Board of International Ministries, Valley Forge, PA 19481, U.S.A.

Persons Index: Jencks, Erasmus N. / Baldwin, Caroline (1st Mrs. E. N. Jencks) / Jencks, Caroline Baldwin (1st Mrs. E. N. Jencks) / Clopton, Samuel Cornelius / Pearcy, George / Dean, William

Subject Index: American Baptist Missionary Union / Macao / Whampoa / Bangkok, Siam / Siam
 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
23rd Mass Volunteer Infantry, with Cohota'a name on the muster roll Scroll down, you could find Edward D. Cohota's name on the last six rows.
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
 

(The original text posted in 2003 was replaced.)
 
On the 2003 display of this website, it mentioned the Cohota tribe of the Cherokee. In 2003, the group announced a Wigwam of the Cohota tribe celebration in Louisa, Kentucky. So "Cohota" is a name of a Native American Cherokee tribe.
 
 
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Further information and photographs on Edward Day Cohota and family Webmaster's notes: I went to Gloucester, Massachusetts and visited the Cape Anne Historical Association. The staff gladly provided me with 4 pictures from their archive.
(1) Cohota's daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth Cohota Bouza posed with the oil painting portraits of her grandparents, Captain Sargent S. Day & Day's wife Lucy, in the house where the Days and her father who was adopted by them lived. Photo was taken by Barbara Erkkila.
(2) Cohota's daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth Cohota Bouza, posed with the huge model ship, Cohota, at the Bostonian Society --- Old State House. Photo was taken by Barbara Erkkila.
(3) Edward Day Cohota, his granddaughter, great granddaughter, and his daughter Elizabeth Cohota Bouza.
(4) Edward Day Cohota posed with 4 of his 5 children: William Day Cohota, Mrs. Lucy Cohota Krauss, Mrs. Elizabeth Cohota Bouza and Edward Woods Cohota. Circa 1930. The Cape Anne Historical Association would let me keep the pictures for my personal use, but decline to allow me to display them on the web site, due to their general policy of protecting the copyrights of their donors.

 

I also had seen a photograph of Elizabeth Cohota Bouza, with the paintings of Captain Day and Mrs. Day on the wall.

I also had seen a photograph of Elizabeth Cohota Bouza, standing next to a model ship cohota. It was taken in the (Colonial) Old State House (now a historical site) in downtown Boston. I am guessing the Old State House still had the model ship cohota in storage somewhere.

I walked through the neighborhood of Edward day Cohota boyhood's street (Captain Day's house) in Gloucester, Massachusetts.

 

 


 

Copyright (C), all rights reserved.

Webmaster : Gordon Kwok
Email address:
gordoncwrt@gmail.com
September 14, 2004
Revised on August 11, 2005

Revised and uploaded on March 31, 2009

Comments