Common European Framework: Writing

Below are the charts we will refer to in class for academic writing.  

 

 

OVERALL WRITTEN PRODUCTION

C2

Can write clear, smoothly flowing, complex texts in an appropriate and effective style and a logical structure which helps the reader to find significant points.

C1

Can write clear, well-structured texts of complex subjects, underlining the relevant salient issues, expanding and supporting points of view at some length with subsidiary points, reasons and relevant examples, and rounding off with an appropriate conclusion.

B2

Can write clear, detailed texts on a variety of subjects related to his/her field of interest, synthesizing and evaluating information and arguments from a number of sources.

B1

Can write straightforward connected texts on a range of familiar subjects within his field of interest, by linking a series of shorter discrete elements into a linear sequence.

A2

Can write a series of simple phrases and sentences linked with simple connectors like ‘and’, ‘but’ and ‘because’.

A1

Can write simple isolated phrases and sentences

 

 

 

 

REPORTS AND ESSAYS

C2

Can produce clear, smoothly flowing, complex reports, articles or essays which present a case, or give critical appreciation of proposals or literary works.

Can provide an appropriate and effective logical structure which helps the reader to find significant points.

C1

Can write clear, well-structured expositions of complex subjects, underlining the relevant salient issues.  Can expand and support points of view at some length with subsidiary points, reasons and relevant examples.

B2

Can write an essay or report which develops an argument systematically with appropriate highlighting of significant points and relevant supporting detail.

Can evaluate different ideas or solutions to a problem.

Can write an essay or report which develops an argument, giving reasons in support of or against a particular point of view and explaining the advantages and disadvantages of various options.  Can synthesize information and arguments from a number of sources.

B1

Can write short, simple essays on topics of interest.

Can summarize, report and give his/her opinion about accumulated factual information on familiar routine and non-routine matters within his/her field with some confidence.

Can write very brief reports to a standard conventionalized format, which pass on routine factual information and state reasons for actions.

A2

No descriptor available

A1

No descriptor available

 

 

 

 

 

From

(2001). Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, teaching, assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

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