Follow the instructions for a safe and enjoyable sauna

The potential hazards are:

  • Adverse reaction caused by excess heat or over use, including giddiness, which may lead to unconsciousness.
  • Injury caused by glass sauna light shattering.
  • Burns caused through contact with stove or light.
  • Where pools are provided thermal shock due to temperature variation.
  • Allergy to chemicals in the pool disinfectant process.
  • Fire fumes from towels placed on or near to stove.
  • Slipping injuries caused by wet flooring.
  • Suffer from migraine attacks.
  • Suffer from any condition whatsoever which makes you unsure as to the advisability of using saunas.

Are you in one of these groups?


  • The body temperature of young children will rise much quicker than older children and adults owing to their under developed thermo-regulatory mechanisms.
  • Children should be closely supervised at all times by a responsible adult and must replace lost fluids frequently. Adults must be aware of the dangers of heat stress in children to ensure an appropriate sauna experience accordingly.

The elderly: 

  • As the body becomes older it is less effective at dealing with the stress placed on it. Elderly persons should not engage in unnecessarily intensive sauna bathing.

Pregnant women

  • It is not advisable to take a sauna during pregnancy.

 You should not use the sauna if you:

  • Are pregnant
  • Suffer from heart disease, circulatory problems, high or low blood pressure, epilepsy or diabetes
  • Are suffering from infectious skin diseases, open sores and wounds
  • Are suffering an illness causing an inability to perspire
  • Are taking anticoagulants, antihistamines, vasconstrictors, vascodillators, stimulants, hypnotics or tranquillisers or any other medications whatsoever which makes you unsure as to the inadvisability of using saunas.
  • Had a heavy meal within 1.5 hours.
  • Have consumed alcohol within 1.5 hours.

Be aware that:

  • A sauna operates at 70 – 1000C.
  • Make sure the temperature is comfortable for you.
  • The warmest part of the sauna is diagonally opposite the stove. The higher benches are the warmest.
  • An authorised person should only adjust the sauna controls.
  • Contact lenses and/or spectacles should not be worn in the sauna.
  • Care should be taken when adding water to the stones. The sauna is intended as a dry bath, it should not be so dry that it is uncomfortable to the nose or throat.

How to use the sauna safely

  • Undress and place belongings in locker.
  • Remove any metal in the form of watches and jewellery as they become very hot in the sauna.
  • Remove any make up and enjoy a short warm shower.
  • Take a towel to the sauna to sit or lie upon it.
  • Enter the cabin and sit or lie on a bench at a height which is comfortable for you.
  • Relax for 8-10 minutes in the dry heat. This will raise the body temperature and the perspiration will clean the pores and skin in depth.
  • Leave the sauna and take a cold shower, or use the plunge pool if provided, to immediately close the pores of the skin. In Finland some bathers jump into icy water or a snow drift.
  • Return to the sauna for further 5-10 minutes.
  • Pour half a ladle of water on the stones several times to produce loyly (steam) add more water at intervals.
  • The hot/cold cycle can be repeated as often as comfort allows.
  • When you are ready to complete the sauna session, leave the sauna and take a final shower.
  • Relax for 15-20 minutes, or until the body has returned to normal temperature before dressing.
  • During sauna bathing drink plenty of fluids to replace those lost while perspiring, but avoid alcohol. 
Subpages (1): Sauna Users Guide JPG