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Korean Hanbok

The word hanbok means Korean clothing.  It refers to the traditional style of brightly colored Korean clothing which is still worn today for celebrations and festivals.  It is composed of several separate garments. Jeogori is the basic upper garment that covers the arms and upper part of the body.  Then is the Chima, or skirt for women, or the Baji, a type of roomy pants, for men.  The skirt showed a woman’s status: the wife of a government official would have a long, wide skirt with golden designs; the wife of a commoner would be plain.  The pants were loose fitting and had ties around the ankles, and sometimes straps were tied around the knees or shins. These garments can be accompanied by various overcoats, jackets or vests.There were specific arrangements of garments for different people (kings, queens, officials, scholars, commoners, and monks), and for special occasions. Hanbok changed over time as the culture changed, and it was during the Koryo dynasty that the hanbok became defined as it is today.  During the Koryo Dynasty(918-1392), the upper piece of clothing shortened to waist length, more colors were added to the garment, and the tie strings at the waist were made of short thin cord.  Influences from other cultures such as the Tang Dynasty also decreased in this period.