79th Highlanders Civil War Timeline

The American Civil War Begins:
News of the Firing on Fort Sumter (Charleston Harbor), S.C., April 12
    Washington, D.C. threatened.

The 79th New York Regiment (Highlanders) 'volunteer to a man'
    to go to the defense of the Nation's Capital.
The regiment is instructed to recruit and equip to 'war-time' numbers:
    From 4 companies (250 men) up to 10 companies (892 men).
The 79th N.Y. Regiment is mustered into Federal Service, May 29, 1861.

Leave New York City for Washington, D.C., June 2, 1861.
    While anticipating trouble in Baltimore (an earlier regiment passing
    through had been attacked by a pro-sessecionist mob), they had no
    problem, and arrived in Washington at 2:00 a.m. in the middle of the
    night, the morning of June 4.

Arrival at the Front: Washington, D.C. – June-Oct., 1861
Duty in the Defenses of Washington, D. C., until July 16, 1861.
    Advance on Manassas, Va., July 16-21.
    Occupation of Fairfax Court House July 17.
    Battle of Bull Run, Va., July 21.

Duty in the Defenses of Washington until October.
    Reconnaissance to Lewinsville, Va., September 10 and 11.
    Reconnaissance to Lewinsville, Va., September 25.
    Reconnaissance to Lewinsville, Va., October 10-11.
    Little River Turnpike, near Lewinsville, October 10.
    Bailey's Cross Roads October 12.


1861-1862: Sherman's Expedition to South Carolina
Movement to Port Royal, S.C., October 21-November 7.

Capture of Forts Walker and Beauregard, Port Royal Harbor, S.C., November 7.
Occupation of Bay Point November 8 to December 11.

Duty at Beaufort, S.C., and vicinity until June 1, 1862.
    Expedition to Port Royal Ferry January 1.
    Port Royal Ferry January 1.
    Action at Pocotaligo, S. C, May 29.

Expedition to James Island, S.C., June 1-28, 1862.
    Battle of Secessionville June 16.
Evacuation of James Island and movement to
     Hilton Head, S.C., June 28-July 7.



July 1862: Back to Virginia
Moved to Newport News, Va., July 12-16;
     thence to Fredericksburg, Va., August 4-6.

Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia:  Aug. 13-Sept. 2, 1862
Operations on the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers August 13-27.
    Battle of Second Bull Run August 30.
    Battle of Chantilly September 1.


Maryland Campaign:  September 6-22, 1862
    Battles of South Mountain September 14;
    Antietam September 16-17.

Duty in Maryland until October 11.
March up the Potomac to Leesburg, thence to Falmouth, Va., October 11-November 18.

    Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15.
    "Mud March" January 20-24.


1863: In Kentucky
    Moved to Newport News, Va., March 13;
    thence to Kentucky March 20-28.  
    Duty at Paris, Nicholasville, Lancaster, Stanford and Somerset until June. 


1863: In Mississippi—The Vicksburg Campaign
    Movement through Kentucky to Cairo, Ill., June 4-10;
    thence to Vicksburg, Miss., June 14-17.
    Siege of Vicksburg June 17-July 4.

    Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10.
    Siege of Jackson July 10-17.
    Destruction of Mississippi Central Railroad at Madison Station
        July 18-22.    
    At Milldale until August 6.
    Moved to Crab Orchard, Ky., August 6-12.


1863-1864: In East Tennessee

Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee:  August 16-October 17.
    Action at Blue Springs October 10.
    At Lenoir until November 15.

Knoxville Campaign:  November 4-December 23.

    Action at Campbell's Station November 16.
    Siege of Knoxville November 17-December 4.
        Repulse of Longstreet's assault
        on Fort Sanders November 29.

Operations in East Tennessee:  Until March, 1864.
    Action at Holston River January 20.
    Strawberry Plains, Tenn., January 21
    Armstrong's Ferry, Va., January 22.
    Moved to Annapolis, Md., March, 1864.


1864-1865:
Return to Virginia, and the End of the War


Campaign from the Rapidan to the James:  May 3-June 15.

    Battles of the Wilderness May 5-7;
    Spottsylvania May 8-12; 
            Ny River May 10;
            Assault on the Spottsylvania Salient May 12.
    Soldiers with enlistments expiring left the front on May 13.
    Guard prisoners to Alexandria, Va., May 13-15;
               thence moved to New York and mustered out May 31, 1864.

Regiment reformed from remaining veterans and new recruits, during summer of 1864.
Detailed as IX Corps Provost Guard

Siege of Petersburg:  June 16, 1864, to April 2, 1865.
    Poplar Springs Church September 29-October 2.
    Engagement on Boydton Plank Road, at Hatcher's Run, October 27-28.
    Counter Attack to retake Fort Stedman March 25, 1865.

Appomattox Campaign:  March 28-April 9, 1865.
    Assault on and fall of Petersburg April 2.
        Occupation of Petersburg April 3.
    Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
    Surrender of Lee and his army April 9.
    Moved to Washington, D.C., April 21-28.
        Grand Review in Washington, D.C., May 23.
        Duty at Washington, D.C., until July.
    Mustered out July 14, 1865.