The 6th Regiment United States Colored Troops Reenactors, Inc.
The 6th Regiment United States Colored Troops, Reenactors Inc is a non profit living history organization, with the purpose of educating the public about the historic military contributions of African Americans, during the country's formative years. We tell the story using historical reenactments, memorial ceremonies, parades and various educational and social venues.
TELLING THE STORY
Until the movie “Glory”,very few people were aware that African American regiments fought in the Civil War. The history of how free blacks and ex-slaves fought and sacrificed their lives for freedom, has been, largely over-looked in educational circles and the public record. The 6th Regiment USCT recaptures this proud American heritage by portraying the historic 6th Regiment, United States Colored Infantry, an African-American battle-tested regiment with local historical ties to Trenton and the Delaware Valley.
As Civil War reenactors we portray soldiers and civilians related to the historical events, places and personalities associated with the American Civil War. The 6th Regiment USCT is a Living History regiment, which emphasizes education and service as well as re-enacting battles, Civil War era military drilling and a Civil War soldier’s camp life. In 2005 the 6th Reg. USCT expanded by founding a Revolutionary War unit the 1st Rhode Island Regiment, to portray the Continental Army's black regiment.
We participate in the programs of several reenacting and living history associations
6th Regiment United States Colored Troops
685 Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard
Trenton NJ, 08618
1st Sgt. Algernon Ward - President
Phone (609) 310-1521
Approximately 189,000 black men (10% of the Union Army) served as soldiers in the U.S. Army, another 25,000 served in the US Navy. Nearly 40,000 black soldiers became casualties during the course of the Civil War with 30,000 of those dying of disease. Prejudiced attitudes of the time prevented many black units from being used in combat as extensively as they could have been. Nevertheless, the soldiers served with distinction in 339 battles, 34 of which were major battles affecting the outcome of the war. Black infantrymen fought gallantly at Milliken's Bend LA, Port Hudson LA, Petersburg VA, and Nashville TN. The July 1863 assault on Fort Wagner SC, in which the famous 54th Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteers lost two-thirds of their officers and half of their troops, was memorably dramatized in the film “Glory”. By the war's end, 24 black soldiers and sailors had been awarded the Medal of Honor for their valor. One Lieutenant and two sergeants of the original 6th Regiment USCI won Medals of Honor at “The Battle of New Market Heights” at Chaffin’s Farm VA in September 1864.
In non-combat roles Black soldiers served as carpenters, chaplains, cooks, guards, laborers, nurses, scouts, spies, steamboat pilots, surgeons, and teamsters all contributing to the war cause. There were nearly 80 black Commissioned Officers who served in the Civil War. Although black women could not formally join the Army, nonetheless they served as nurses, spies and scouts. One of the most famous was Harriet Tubman who scouted for the 2nd South Carolina Volunteers and was granted a Colonel’s pension by the US Army. The first Navy nurses were black women on the hospital ship “Red Rover”, which did service on the Mississippi River.
Source: Bates, Samuel P. History of the Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865,Harrisburg, 1868-1871.
Organized at Camp William Penn, near Philadelphia, Pa.,
Moved from Philadelphia to Fort Monroe, Va., October 14; thence to Yorktown, Va.
Duty at Yorktown till May, 1864.
Regiment lost during service: