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Source #3
This article from Appleseeds magazine is about hiking in the Grand Canyon.

Take a Hike!
by Kathiann M. Kowalski

Each year, more than 250 hikers need assistance at the Grand Canyon. If you plan ahead and use safety smarts, you can avoid becoming number 251! And you can have a great hiking adventure.
The Lay of the Land
• Know what to expect. The Grand Canyon is like an upside-down mountain, notes National Park Service Ranger Marc Yeston. Hiking down is much easier than climbing out. The park’s website suggests allowing twice as long to climb up as it took to go down.
• Be realistic about your abilities. Start with short hikes. DON’T try hiking all the way down the Grand Canyon and back in one day.
• Get trail maps and read rules. Day hikes in the canyon require no permits, but overnight hikes do. Some trails have bathrooms and water during parts of the year.
• Kids: Always hike with an adult.
• Tell friends or family members about your plans.
Know what the weather is going to be like, says Ranger Yeston. Then prepare for the worst. Carry extra clothes and flashlights in case it’s dark when you return.
People hike every day of the year, notes Ranger Yeston, but each season brings special risks. Ice is a danger in winter. In the summer, temperatures at the bottom of the canyon can soar to 115° F! When it’s hot, smart hikers travel before dawn or after sunset during the cooler times of day. Spring and fall have warm, pleasant days, but nights get frigid. And storms can crop up any time, in any season.
On the TrailDo’s and Don’ts
• Don’t hike alone. Do use common sense and safety smarts. Avoid the trail edges.
• Do carry plenty of food, water, and salty snacks. They provide energy and replace water and salts lost through sweat. Enough water can make the difference between an enjoyable experience and a dangerous situation.
• Do rest often in the shade.
• Do wear good, comfortable hiking shoes and socks.
• Do carry hiking poles if you can, especially in steep spots.
• Do watch out for wild animals. If you are lucky enough to encounter one, don’t feed or try to touch it.
• Do remember that mules use hiking trails too. To avoid accidents, wait quietly on the inner side of the trail until they pass.
• Don’t litter. Do respect the environment and carry out all trash. Then everyone can enjoy nature’s beauty!
Take a Hike! by Kathiann M. Kowalski. Copyright © 2008 by Carus Publishing Company. Reprinted by Carus Publishing Company.