Cell Vocabulary & Illustrations

Vocabulary:  Cell Structure
1. cell- the basic unit of all living things
2. tissue- a group of cells that work together to perform a specific function
3. organ- a group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function
4. organ system- organs that work together to do a job for the body
5. amoeba- a single celled organism
6. organelles- different structures in a cell that have a certain function to help keep the cell alive

Animal & Plant Cell Organelles
7. nucleus- an organelle that directs the cell’s activity (the “control center”)
8. cell membrane- holds the cell together and separates if from its surroundings (the “protector”)
9. cytoplasm- jellylike substance that help the cell stay together (the “goo”)
10. mitochondria- releases energy  from nutrients (the “powerhouse”)
11. endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-folds and transports proteins (“protein highway”)
12. chromosomes- an organized structure of DNA and protein in cells
13. ribosomes- make proteins from amino acids
14. golgi apparatus- sorts, processes and packages proteins and lipids

For plant cells only:
15. chloroplast- makes food for the plant cell
16. cell wall- supports and protects the plant cell
17. vacuole- stores food, water, waste

For animal cells only:
18. vesicle- stores food, water, waste

Due Friday:  A plant and animal cell diagram labeled with vocabulary words and their definitions.