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New Zealand: A Natural History
A loving celebration of an earthly paradise; a cautionary appeal for environmental wisdom.76% (9)
"One does not have to look to the universe to behold the unusual. There is so much more to be seen and believed right here in the frequently bizarre nature of New Zealand." -from the prologue
This stunning book combines spectacular photography with natural history and personal experience to guide readers into "the land of the long white cloud." Second only to Hawaii in natural diversity, the New Zealand archipelago has borne centuries of environmental tumult and species destruction. At present, dedicated conservationists are working hard to revive shattered ecosystems and to restore endangered species.
In a heartfelt tribute to those efforts, the authors chronicle the environmental successes and failures while revealing the islands' otherworldly organisms and plant life. All of the photographs were taken either in the wild or in conservation areas, and many reveal plants and creatures rarely before seen.
From cabbage trees not unlike Dr. Seuss' Truffula trees to predatory snails, whiskered parrots and three-eyed lizards, New Zealand: A Natural History reveals a captivating world once thought to reside only in the human imagination. This is an impassioned celebration of the paradise the authors call home.
universal carrier with the Boys light anti tank gun
e Universal Carrier, also known as the Bren Gun Carrier is a common name describing a family of light armoured tracked vehicles built by Vickers-Armstrong. Produced between 1934 and 1960, the vehicle was used widely by Allied forces during the Second World War. Universal Carriers were usually used for transporting personnel and equipment, mostly support weapons, or as machine gun platforms. With some 113,000 built in the United Kingdom and abroad, it was the most numerous armoured fighting vehicle in history. The origins of the Universal Carrier family can be traced back generally to the Carden Loyd tankettes family which was developed in the 1920s, and specifically the Mk VI tankette. The carrier put the driver and commander at the front sitting side-by-side; the driver to the right. The engine was in the centre of the vehicle with the final drive at the rear. The suspension was a mixture of the Vickers light tanks' and Horstmann springs Directional control was through a (vertical) steering wheel. Small turns moved the front road wheel assembly warping the track so the vehicle drifted to that side. Further movement of the wheel braked the appropriate track to give a turn. The hull in front of the commander's position jutted forward to give room for the Bren gun (or other armament) to fire through a simple slit. To either side of the engine were two areas in which passengers could ride or stores be carried. Initially, there were several different types of Carrier that varied slightly in design according to their purpose: "Medium Machine Gun Carrier" (the Vickers machine gun), "Bren Gun Carrier", "Scout Carrier" and "Cavalry Carrier". Production of a single model would be preferred and the Universal design appeared in 1940; this would be the most widely produced of the Carriers. It differed from the previous models in having a rectangular body shape in rear section, with more space for crew. Production began in 1934 and ended in 1960. Before the Universal design was introduced, production was by Thornycroft, Morris, Sentinel, Aveling, Bedford, and Ford UK. The Universal was produced in the UK by Aveling-Barford, Ford, Sentinel, Thornycroft, and Wolseley. By 1945 production amounted to approximately 57,000 of all variants, including some 2,400 early ones. Ford of Canada made some 29,000 Universal Carriers. They were also manufactured in Australia (some 5,000), New Zealand (some 1,300). Mk. I The original model. Mk. II Equipped with a towing hitch. Wasp Flamethrower-equipped universal carrier in the Armored Corps museum in Latrun, IsraelA flamethrower-equipped variant, using the "Flame-thrower, Transportable, No 2". The Mark I had a fixed flamethrower, Mk II had the projector in the co-driver's position. Both had the fuel tank within the rear compartment. The MkIIC (C for Canadian) moved the fuel tank to the rear of the vehicle. LP1 Carrier (Aust) Australian built version of the British Bren Gun Carrier. LP2 Carrier (Aust) Australian built variant of the Universal Carrier. Also produced in New Zealand. 2 Pounder Anti-tank Gun Carrier (Aust) The Carrier, Anti-tank, 2-pdr, (Aust) or Carrier, Tank Attack, 2-pdr (Aust) was a heavily modified and lengthened LP2 carrier with a fully traversable QF 2 pounder anti-tank gun mounted on a platform at the rear and the engine moved to the front left of the vehicle. Stowage was provided for 112 rounds of 2pdr ammunition. 200 were produced and used for training. 3 inch Mortar Carrier (Aust) The Carrier, 3-inch Mortar (Aust) was a design based on the 2 Pounder Carrier with a 3-inch mortar mounted in place of the 2 pounder. Designed to enable the mortar to have 360 degree traverse and to be fired either from the vehicle, or dismounted. 400 were produced and were ultimately sent as military aid to the Nationalist Chinese Army. T-16 The Carrier, Universal, T16, Mark I. was a significantly improved vehicle based upon those built by Ford of Canada, manufactured under Lend Lease by Ford in the United States from March 1943 to 1945. It was chiefly used by Canadian forces during the war as an artillery tractor. After the war, it was used by Swiss and Netherlands forces. It was longer than the Universal with an extra road wheel on the rear bogie, the engine was a Ford Mercury delivering the same power. Instead of the steering wheel controlling the combination brake/warp mechanism, the T-16 had track brake steering operated by levers (2 for each side). Fahrgestell Bren (e) A captured carrier of 1940, reused by the Germans with a 3.7 cm PaK gun. Panzerjager Bren 731(e) Bren carriers captured by the Germans and fitted with a triple Panzerschreck mount, probably the first armoured vehicle to be fitted with anti-tank rockets. Praying Mantis An experimental vehicle - the hull was replaced with an enclosed metal box structure with enough room for a driver and a gunner laying prone. This box, pivoting from the rear,New Zealand Army
Queen Alexandra’s Mounted Rifles (QAMR) is conducting training combining the strengths of the regular force and reserve units into a modern One Army concept for NZDF deployment options. This safeguards the important strengths and identity of reserve units while giving them accessibility to capabilities that are held in regular units. The benefits of this training relationship between Regular Force and reserve units and personnel has proved successful over a number of generations as it affords accessibility to the reserve personnel for major equipment and technical training that is only held in RF units, while reserve personnel add a new perspective on the mission to their RF colleagues. It also helps to strengthen the RF links with the New Zealand society whom we represent. Reservists also add a depth of talent to the personnel within an RF unit which is difficult to achieve simply with Regular Force personnel. These individuals will be able to either remain in the reconnaissance and surveillance role with QAMR or return to their Infantry unit with additional combat-related skills. This situation can only help to benefit the One Army concept that values the diverse skills of both regular and reserve forces. QAMR has already experienced the considerable enthusiasm that reserve personnel can muster, demonstrated by the excellent turn-out of personnel from 2 Canterbury, Nelson, Marlborough and West Coast Battalion (2 Cant NMWC) recently. The next milestone of honing the skills of these personnel at individual and patrol level with QAMR will be easily achievable. The Training in Perspective By Second Lieutenant BJ Cottam On 29 January, 17 Territorial Force (TF) soldiers from Canterbury and South Canterbury began their nine day training period with QAMR. These were some of the 24 soldiers and officers who have been with QAMR from 2 Cant NMWC for the training programme. These reserve soldiers provide a wide variety of experience and skill within the unit — some of the experienced soldiers already have two or three operational deployments under their belts while other have just finished their basic training. The training saw soldiers training in both a dismounted and mounted capability, with the focus being on fitness, weapon-handling, field craft, communications, first aid and vehicle-craft. There was also a combination of dismounted reconnaissance and surveillance training mixed with Light Operational Vehicle (LOV) training. Introduction and familiarisation with specialist equipment such as TMCS (Army radios), night vision equipment (NVE), thermal images and remote ground sensors took place. We then focussed on four-man patrols, refining the skills and developing the tactical appreciation needed to work in small teams, and conducting tasks such as OPs. The troop also trained in the armoured LOV both on the ground and in the Burnham simulation centre. and spent time on the West Melton Rifle Range. The training finished with a short exercise in Tekapo to consolidate and refine the skills learned during the previous six days. Observation posts (OPs) were deployed on the Friday night prior to a live firing scenario on the Saturday, using armoured LOV to infiltrate the ‘enemy’ fire support location before engaging targets with the MAG58. There was a small break to conduct battle preparation prior to conducting another OP task. During this task, the patrols received simulated indirect fire and went through the RV procedure in real time, with the hike across the training area proving to be a good way to end that phase of the training. For the soldiers it was an enjoyable experience, and everybody enjoyed the QAMR environment. It was a good chance for the soldiers to expand their knowledge base and be introduced to new equipment and doctrine. The nine day period was good for developing the esprit de corps within the troop, and allowed them to form good relationships. It also allowed the commanders at all levels to operate with a structured chain of command; an opportunity that happens rarely within the reserves. Another positive factor was exposure to a range of equipment that is not normally available to the reserves such as NVE, TMCS, TI, RGS and armoured vehicles. That, mixed with the scope to do some realistic training, has resulted in a great experience for all involved. Now that the training is over, the troop is looking forward to developing the core skills that were covered, with regular night parades, training weekends, plus a second induction training to capture those that couldn’t attend the first one.
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