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Uniform

Uniforms and Equipment of the Infantryman

Any of the following are acceptable for the Palmetto Guard: 

Uniform Coat - Early War Enlisted - Militia uniforms or single-breasted frock coats of jean cloth with trim.

Early War Officer - Also Militia uniforms and single and double breasted frock coats with trim. Cloth should be jean cloth or satinette. Wool was available but very expensive.

Mid War Enlisted - A standard, untrimmed Richmond Depot Type II style with shoulder straps( epaulets ) and belt loops. Nine button front in jean cloth Mid War Officer - Single and double breasted frock coats and and Type II jackets without trim in jean cloth and satinette. The frock coat was gradually being used less and less.

Late War Enlisted - Richmond Type II and III in blue/grey kersey wool. Also Peter Tait and Co. jackets in blue/grey kersey

Late War Officer - Officers were being issued Richmond Type II & III's at this time as well. Only the most senior staff members had frock coats due to their high price.

Buttons - May be either Block I in brass, wood, eagle, and civilian style buttons. State issue should be for early war impressions only. CS Buttons also acceptable.

Uniform Pants - Should be of period style with a high waist that covers the navel and of a jean cloth fabric. Pockets may be side seam or mule ear Buttons for the fly should be should be bone or wood. Yankee blue trousers are encouraged in small numbers.

Footwear - Brogans or Jefferson bootees should be black or russet in color, with pegged or sewn soles and rough or smooth side out. Civilian styles were common too. Most junior officers wore brogans as well. There are too many boots on junior officers out there.

Modern Shoes are discouraged but accepted if of dark color and simple design. Must not stand out or be noticeable.

Socks - Should be 100% wool or cotton. Please no modern white socks or hunting socks if avoidable. No elastic or nylon. Colors should be gray or off-white. Again, if it can be seen or noticed, it should be period.

Hats - A mix of slouch hats, forage caps and kepis is what we are looking for. Lean more toward the caps and kepis during the early war and lean heavily on slouch hats during the late war. Federal caps are also encouraged in small in small numbers. Slouch hats should be formed with stitch or ribbon edged, crown ribbon. No hillbilly hats. We were citizen soldiers not hillbillies. There should be very little hat brass displayed, however we do wear the South Carolina Hat Pin and brass 2, but please limit it to that.

Shirt - Either Army issue ( Domet flannel ) or civilian style. Buttons should be bone, wood, or glass. Western style collarless shirts are acceptable if worn under a vest, or your jacket is fully buttoned.

Weapons – Any 3-banded Rifle is PREFERD! Model 1853 Enfields, Model 1861 Springfields, Richmonds, and .69 flintlock conversions are all appropriate. .69 flintlock conversions should be restricted to early to mid war events. Slings, if you want one, should be black or russet leather or canvas. Pistols- only officers of a certain grade and above were permitted pistols, since their only other weapon was a sword.

Cartridge Box and Sling - Should be Confederate issue, Enfield, or captured Federal, in black, russet or dark brown leather. A plate is accepted but not preferred. Slings should be of black, russet, or dark brown leather or mid to late war you could use a black treated linen sling. Cartridges should be constructed using period wrappers and period techniques.

Cap Box - Should be black, russet or dark brown in either the U. S. Model 1850 or Enfield

Waistbelt and Buckle – Buckle should be CS oval or state issue. Belt should be black, russet or dark brown leather. Also a black treated linen belt would be appropriate.

Scabbard, Bayonet and Throg - Scabbards should be appropriate to your rifle HOWEVER, we do not suggest you carry one onto the field. The choice is yours if you decide to include it in your impression.

Haversacks - Use either the Confederate model of plain cotton duck or the US model in tarred black. The soldiers cherished the US model. However, the Confederate model can be washed more easily.

Canteen - Confederate drum or Federal Bullseye or smooth side is acceptable. No stainless steel. Wooden canteens tend to leak but your water will taste better.

Camp and Tentage

Tents should be of the A-Frame or Dog tent only, no Sibley or Wall tents unless you are an officer and have prior approval. Speckleware is not authentic, however not banned. Please try to stay away from these types if at all possible. Tin and glassware is authentic and economic. Coolers and other modern conveniences should be at all time concealed in a box or your tent and should be opened only when the public cannot see. Authentic cigarettes were rare and costly. Modern cigarettes are not permitted. If you must smoke, try a pipe or cigar.

 

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