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Infantry

2nd South Carolina Vol. Infantry

Co. I, Palmetto Guard

ENGAGEMENTS:

Bombardment of Fort Sumter, SC, April 12-13, 1861
Mitchell's Ford, VA, July 18, 1861 
1st Manassas, VA, July 21, 1861
Lewinsville, VA, September 25, 1861 
Held Yorktown Line, VA, Mid-April- May 3, 1862 
Williamsburg, VA, May 4-5, 1862 
Skirmish near Fair Oaks, VA, June 18, 1862
Savage Station, VA, June 29, 1862 
Malvern Hill, VA, July 1, 1862 
Maryland Heights, MD, September 12-13, 1862 
Antietam, MD, September 17, 1862 
Fredericksburg, VA, December 11-15, 1862 
Chancellorsville, VA, May 1-5, 1863 
Gettysburg, PA, July 2-3, 1863 
Chickamauga, GA, September 20, 1863 
Campbell Station, TN, November 16, 1863
Knoxville, TN, November 18, 1863 
Fort Sanders, TN, November 29, 1863 
Bean Station, TN, December 14, 1863
Wilderness, VA, May 6-7, 1864
Spotsylvania, VA, May 8-21, 1864 
North Anna, VA, May 23-25, 1864
Cold Harbor, June 1-12, 1864
Petersburg, VA, June 18, 1864 
Deep Bottom, VA, July 27-28, 1864 
Charlestown, WV, August 26, 1864 
Berryville, VA, September 13, 1864
Hupp's Hill, VA, October 13, 1864
Cedar Creek, VA, October 19, 1864
Held Salkehatchie Line, January-February, 1865 
Averasboro, NC, March 16, 1865
Bentonville, NC, March 19-21, 1865 
Surrender with General Johnston at the Bennett House, NC, April 26, 1865 Receive
Paroles in Greensboro, NC, May 2, 1865

ENROLLMENT AND CASUALTIES:


Documents in the 19th century were poorly kept and many have not survived. What remains are partial, often conflicting or ambiguous, and sometimes incorrect records. 
  • Enrollment-1475, plus some who served in the regiment after the consolidation of the regiments of Kershaw's Brigade on April 9, 1865 and some bogus names in the Compiled
  • Service Records at The National Archives. 
  • Received Paroles at Greensboro-213. An unknown number were on leave at the time or deserted in the final days of the war.
  • Killed or Mortally Wounded in Action- 213 
  • Died of Disease or Accident-209 
  • Wounded (many more than once)-400

ORGANIZATION:


Colonels
  • Joseph Brevard Kershaw -Elected February 2, 1861. Appointed Brigadier General February 15, 1862. 
  • Erwin P. Jones-Promoted February 15, 1862. Resigned at the reorganization May 13, 1862. 
  • John Doby Kennedy -Elected at the reorganization May 13, 1862. Appointed Brigadier General to rank from December 22, 1864. William Wallace-Promoted to rank from December 22, 1864. Paroled at Greensboro on May 2, 1865.
Lieutenant Colonels 
  • Erwin P. Jones-Elected May 16, 1861. Promoted Colonel February 15, 1862. 
  • Artemus Darby Goodwyn-Promoted February 15, 1862. Resigned June 3, 1863. 
  • Franklin Gaillard -Promoted June 3, 1863. Killed at Wilderness May 6, 1864. 
  • William Wallace -Promoted to rank from May 6, 1864. Promoted to rank from December 22, 1864. 
  • Records do not show anyone being promoted as Wallace's replacement.

Majors 

  • Artemus Darby Goodwyn-Elected May 16, 1861. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel February 15, 1862. 
  • William H. Casson-Promoted February 15, 1862. Resigned at reorganization May 13, 1862. 
  • Franklin Gaillard -Elected the reorganization May 13, 1862. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel June 3, 1863.
  • William Wallace -Promoted June 6, 1863. Promoted to rank from May 6, 1864. 
  • Benjamin R. Clyburn-promoted to rank from May 6, 1864. He was captured at Cedar
  • Creek on October 19, 1864 and spent much of the rest of the war in prison. 
  • Records do not show anyone being promoted to replace him.


Adjutant 

  • Edward Elijah Sill-Elected May 16, 1861.

Quartermasters 

  • William S. Wood-Elected June 24, 1861. Apparently resigned July 20, 1861. Died August 31, 1861. 
  • William Drummond Peck- Appointed July 20, 1861. Apparently promoted within
  • Quartermaster Department 5/14/62. 
  • Edward E. Niles-Appointed May 14, 1862. Died November 20, 1862. 
  • James Irwin Villepigue-Appointed November 18, 1862.

Commissaries 

  • James Irwin Villepigue-Appointed February 8, 1861. Apparently served until August 25, 1862. 
  • William L. Appleton-Appointed August 25, 1862. Deserted August 1, 1863 with intention
  • to join western army.

Surgeons 

  • Thomas Whitaker Salmond- Appointed February 2, 1861. Promoted brigade surgeon
  • probably in the winter of 1863-64. 
  • John Chappell Maxwell-Promoted October 8, 1864. He was paroled at Greensboro on May 2, 1865.


Assistant Surgeons 

  • Henry Junius Nott-Appointed April25, 1861. Captured at Gettysburg and sent to prison.
  • John Chappell Maxwell-Appointed July 10, 1863. Promoted to surgeon October 8, 1864.
  • No record of someone being promoted to replace Maxwell.
  • Chaplain E. J. Meynardie-Appointed April 9, 1861. Resigned November 30, 1861. 
  • A. Pickens Smith-Appointed July 1, 1862.

Company I, Palmetto Guards 

Organized on June 28, 1851, this company was ordered into state service on December 27, 1860. Probably the first unit of either side to be activated for the war and one of the most famous companies because of their role at Fort Sumter as well as subsequent service with the 2nd South Carolina. From their position on Morris Island, Edmund Ruffin pulled the lanyard on a cannon this company manned to fire the first shot toward Fort Sumter.

Departed for Richmond on May 9, 1861 and mustered into Confederate service on May 22, 1861. The men came from the low country around Charleston and Beaufort.


Captains 

  • George Barnwell Cuthbert. Appointed March 12, 1861. Mortally wounded at Chancellorsville on May 3, 1863. Died on May 10, 1863 at Guinea Station. The house was owned by the brother of Thomas Coleman Chandler at whose home "Stonewall" Jackson died on the same day. 
  • Ralph Emmes Elliott-Promoted 5/10/63. Mortally wounded at Cold Harbor on June 1, 1864. Died on June 6, 1864 after learning that this brother, Steven Elliott, had been promoted to brigadier general.
  • Robert Fishburne, Jr.-Promoted to date from June 6, 1864. Paroled at Greensboro on May 2, 1865.
  • Thomas H. Reeder


Additional Reading and Resources: Kershaw's Brigade at Gettysburg -- 2nd Day, Peach Orchard and Wheatfield

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