This document for personal use only!
Posted munroe.htm August 24, 1997 by Steven L. Driskell.

Letters of Private Calvin J.C. Munroe
Company G, 25th Alabama Infantry Regiment 

This page contains two letters, the first dated July 16, 1863 and the second dated December 6, 1864.  The second letter is written shortly after the Battle of Franklin.  Private Munroe enlisted September 14, 1861, was wounded March 10, 1865, discharged in April, 1865 and reached home on the 9th day of May 1865.  He would later move to Texas and settle in Jones County.  On his pension application he was 71 years old on the 8th of August 1913. Special thanks to Paul Petree of Ft. Worth, Texas for allowing me to publish the photo and letters.  Also, thanks to Glenn Milner of Springville, Alabama for providing the documents.

July 16, 1863

Paul Petree recently talked to someone at Chickamauga NBP who thinks that "Buckner" was a Hospital setup by the Army of Tennessee.  At the time of Private Munroe's letter of July 16, 1863, the 25th was in Bragg's Army of Tennessee, Polk's Corps, Wither's Division (Official Records Volume 23 Part II Chapter XXXV Page 942).  Captain Howell writes they went into camp about two miles south of Chattanooga about July 6, 1863.  About 12 miles southwest in Ringgold, Georgia was the Hospital Post comprised of the Bragg and Buckner Hospitals.


Click on page to enlarge.

Buckner
July 16, 1863


Dear Terry,


I embrace the present moment to write to you a few lines.  I have not received a letter from home since I left there.  The time seems very long although I hear from home almost every week but simply hearing from home is not like receiving a letter.  As for news I have plenty of it but it is very bad our fate as a nation looks very gloomy at this time.  The papers report Port Hudson captured by the enemy with great loss on our side, also an attack on Charleston, S.C.  Which is likely to end in its over throw, but when I remember that we have old Beauregard at that front it is very hard for me to believe that Charleston can ever be taken by fair means, it is also reported that Lee is cut off in Maryland, but he is apt to do some very hard fighting before he gives it up.  General Bragg is again sensured by those great street corner generals with which our country abounds for his backward movement through Tennessee, a great many of those characters are now ready to kill Bragg if they had him in their Power, but thank God I believe Bragg has more sense than one half of those that are so ready to sensure him.  We had a speech from J.L.M. Curry a few days ago, it was the best thing I ever heard, he made a great many of his enemy's open their eyes but for all that I am afraid he will get beat. Terry I will close for now give my love to all the family and all inquiring friends.


Good Bye your Brother
Calvin


P.S. Tell Francis not to try to dodge Brown or if he does Brown will have him arrested, he had better come along peaceably, it will be the best for him. Terry, write to me and give me all the news, let me know how they are progressing with their militia and how Pa is getting along with his farm. I am as well as usual.


Calvin

December 6, 1864

This letter was printed in the Western Enterprise at Anson, Texas on September 12, 1913.  The newspaper states; "We herewith copy a letter written by our fellow townsman, Judge C. J. Munroe, to his sister Mrs. Margaret Munroe, while he was busily engaged entertaining the Yanks during the war";


In camp near Nashville, Tenn.
December 6th, 1864


Miss M.C. Munroe,
Beloved Sister:


We received your kind letter yesterday.  I was glad to hear that you were all in tolerable health, but I was sorry to hear that our neighbors boys were doing so bad.  Margaret, in this letter I have to communicate the very sad and heart rendering intelligence of Williams death.  He was killed on the night of the 30th November whit noble battling for his country's rights.  In the sorrow and distress that will prevade his as well as our home, let me console you by saying that he died at his post.  He had charged and taken one line of the enemy's breastworks, when they fell back to another line about 40 yards in the rear; the order was given to charge, when William, Bud, and myself and Robt. Street was all of our company that crossed the breastworks.  We crossed over into the ditch, and seeing that no person else was coming, we was obliged to sit down in the ditch to protect ourselves, but the ditch was not deep enough to shelter us.  He was struck just under the right eye, the ball ranging down and coming out between his shoulders.  He did not speak when he was shot.  I did not know that he was killed for sometime after it was done.  Our color bearer was the only man between me and him, but it was very dark and I could not see.  After it was done, I sat in the ditch and shot for some time.  I then crawled back across the breastworks, when I met up with Bud, and he told me of it.  As soon as I could, I crawled back to where he was and straightened him out.  I got all of his things that I could carry.  This was done about midnight, and we buried him the next day at 10 o'clock.  We did the best for him that we could.


I will now attempt to give you a description of our travel since we left Florence, Ala..  Nothing worth noting occured until we got to Colombia, Tenn., 25 miles from this place.  There we encountered the Yanks about 20 thousand strong, but made a flank movement, there by causing them to retreat without a fight.  From there they fell back to Franklin, where they made another stand.  We came up about two hours by the sun on the evening of 30th Nov.  The line was formed in a few minutes. Bates' Division, French's Division, and Cleburne's Division led the way.  Our Division was to support Bates.  We drove them from one line of works and had charged them in the second line, but his ammunition being exhausted, we was ordered up to take his place.  We rushed upon them and drove them from their position.  It was then that William was killed.  We lay there and fought them about 2 hours when they took advantage of the darkness and withdrew their force in the direction of Nashville.  We lost a good many men, but not as many as the enemy.  We also captured a great amount of prisoners.  We lay there until the 2nd day of Dec., when we moved up and formed around Nashville.  We have very good works here.  I think it we fight here we will do it in our own way.  The Yanks are shelling us all the time, but are doing no damage.  We are living very well at the present time, getting plenty of pork and bread, turnips and cabbage, this is undoubtly the best country I ever saw.  The people live better here than they ever did in our county.


I forgot to say that William Harrell was slightly wounded in the hand.  Powell Smith was wounded in the hip, but not severe, William Lowery in the hand.  Our regiment lost only one killed and thirteen wounded.


I have stood our march very well; a great deal better than I expected to.  Bud stands it extremely well.


If you see any of Hutchington's people, you can tell them that Press is well; he is with us now.


Margaret, I will close.  Write often, for it gives us great pleasure to hear from you.  Kiss the children for me, I remain your loving brother.


C.J. Munroe


P.S. Bud sends you some Yankee needles, which was captured at Franklin.


CJCM