General Chalmers moved onto their front and offered battle and the yanks came out and give Chalmers and his force quite a thrashing. It was said that Chalmers attacked of his own accord and without orders from General Bragg.
During the night after the fight a large force marched to the rear of Munfordville and the next morning Bragg demanded an unconditional surrender, which was accorded to. There were 4,000 surrendered.
The army was there pushed on toward Louisville but encountered a heavy force at Perryville where a considerable battle was fought at which only a part of the army was engaged. Our men suffered considerable loss, but no decisive results secured.
The 25th Alabama was not in the Perryville battle. Detached at time with General Kirby Smith (OWR, Serial 23, page 923). Bragg pushed onto Harrisburg, Kentucky and by this time the enemy had withdrawn from Tennessee and North Alabama and concentrating a force in Kentucky too formidable for our forces.
On leaving Chattanooga, we were required to leave behind all surplus baggage and clothing and at this time the men were getting bare of shoes and clothing as were many of the officers and winter was approaching and it was thought the better part of valor to get nearer our base of supplies and we began to move in that direction.
The enemy in the mean time had blockaded our line of retreat which we had came and our only way out was by way of Cumberland Gap into East Tennessee and Eastern Kentucky through which we came out being a barren country the army suffered for rations. 
We had secured a fine lot of Kentucky beefs, but we got out of bread and salt and for 4 or 5 days we were without bread or substitute therefore. While this was the fall of the year and gathering time, there was but little or no corn in that region. As about the only substitute for bread, was to pick up white oak acorns during the day and roast them at night when we camp. Now and then we would get a few ears of corn and parch and eat and occasionally find in some deserted field a pumpkin and roast it.
Our Army wagons had been sent on far in advance to prevent them being raided by the federal cavalry. For several days our Brigade was the rear guard of the army and they pressed us hard and fighting was kept up, more or less day and night and but for the vigilance of General Joe Wheeler who was now in command of a part at least of our cavalry, the army would likely been captured.
We finally overtook the wagon train just before we reached Cumberland Gap and the teamsters having anticipated our destitution had cooked up a lot of cold water biscuits and thrown them in the army wagons among the pots and when we reached them, upon a fair division of bread, there was one biscuit apiece and I thought then and still think it was the best bread I had ever tasted.
We soon crossed the Gap into East Tennessee and came within a few miles of Knoxville and went into camp and the first night there fell a heavy snow (this was the first of November) and I suppose fifty percent of the army were shoeless and coatless and the Confederate government was unable to supply us. One man from each company was at once sent to the community where the companies were raised to get shoes and clothing for the men.
I came home to get supplies for Company "I". In coming home I took the train at Knoxville and come to Chattanooga thence to Rome, Georgia, which is the nearest railroad point to Oak Level 40 miles. On arriving home, I soon learned that the young ladies of White Plains and Robbietown, 15 miles below Oak Level had during that fall, organized themselves into a society to raise funds and material and make clothing for the soldiers. I at once went to White Plains and ascertained that they had just finished a fine lot of winter clothing. Coats, pants and vests from thick home made jeans.
The society was called together to whom I made a statement as to the destitution of my company and they cheerfully gave me a fine lot of clothing sufficient to supply the entire company. I purchased a good lot of home made shoes from one Wm. Stewart who ran a shoe shop at Ladiga, Alabama and within ten days or two weeks I had supplies for the company.
During my absence on this trip the army had moved round from Knoxville, by way of Chattanooga to Murphreesboro, Tennessee. So when I got ready to return, I employed a man with oxen and wagon to carry the supplies to Rome, Georgia where I secured a box car to put my things in and got aboard the car and headed for Chattanooga.
When I arrived at that place I found I would have to remain there several days. The transportation facilities were so deficient that they were several days behind in shipping troops and army supplies. There was but one railroad into Middle Tennessee where the army had gone and another impediment was the yankees. While they occupied that section the spring previous had burned the railroad bridge which spanned the Tennessee River at Bridgeport and the cars had to be floated across the river on a steam boat.
Finally I reached the army at Murphreesboro sometime in December. 
 Colonel D. W. Adams took command of the brigade on the fall of Gladden. Later Adams was wounded and then Deas came in command. See Deas' report (Official Records, Serial 10, page 538).
 The loss by regiment not given, but the brigade lost 129 killed, 597 wounded, and 103 missing (Official Records, Serial 10, page 535). Colonel Adams says in his report (Official Records, Serial 10, page 537), During the time I was in command of the First Louisiana Regiment and the brigade, the officers and men generally acted with great gallantry and courage, and the brigade is entitled to credit for having carried one of the enemy's strongest positions. Colonel Deas in his report (OWR, Serial 10, page 539), mentions Major George D. Johnston and Adjutant John Stout as field officers who especially distinguished themselves for their coolness and gallant bearing under the hottest fire.
 In the reported organization of the Seconds Corps, Army of the Mississippi, for April 28th, 1862, the brigade organization was unchanged except that Brig. General Frank Gardner commanded the brigade (Official Records, Serial 11, page 461). The effective total of the Army, May 15th, 1862, was 51,218 and aggregate present was 74,279 (Official Records, Serial 11, page 523). On May 26th, 1862, the organization is the same, except that the 25th Alabama is omitted (Official Records, Serial, 11, page 549).
From the report of Colonel Joe Wheeler (Official Records, Serial 10, pages 853-855) May 28th, 1862, the 25th Alabama was in the brilliant little egagement on the Monterey and Farmington roads. Wheeler says: The conduct of the officers and men in this affair was commendable, subjected as they were to a heavy fire of both artillery and infantry, from a foe secreted by the density of undergrowth. They advanced steadily, not using their arms until they were ordered, when they fired with good effect. The loss to those engaged was 8 killed, 28 wounded and 7 missing. Lt. Col. Geo. D. Johnston commanded the 25th Alabama, which lost 1 killed, 1 wounded, and 1 missing.
In the reported organization for June 30th, 1862 (Official Records, Serial 10, page 788) the 25th Alabama is again with the brigade, and the 39th Alabama, Colonel H. D. Clayton is added.
 The regiment was at Chattanooga on August 18th and 20th, 1862, and the organization is the same as on June 30th, and is the Right Wing of the Army, commanded by Maj. General D. Polk. The strength of the division at this time (or 22nd) was 556 officers and 7,634 men (OR, Serial 23, pages 764 & 772). The command commenced the Kentucky Campaign on the 28th of August, 1862, see Polk's correspondence with Bragg (Official Records, Serial 23, page 786). On October 1st, 1862, the brigade (Gardner's) had effectives 2,303 and present 2,526. On the 8th of October, General Withers had an engagement with the Federal Sill near Salt River, capturing some 500 prisoners and 15 to 20 wagons, see correspondence of General Kirby Smith with General Bragg (, Serial 23, page 927). Brig. General J. R. Duncan was assigned to the command of Whither's division, while he was put on detached duty (Official Records, Serial 23, pages 938-939).
 In the Life of General Kirby Smith, pages 219-220, it will be seen that on October 10th, 1862, two days after the Battle of Perryville, that as the advance of General Smith's army was entering Harrodsburg, Kentucky, General Bragg's rear was leaving the place. General Smith urged very strongly that Bragg should bring back his forces, and the united armies to give battle to Buel at Harrodsburg, Smith firmly believing they could defeat him. Bragg agreed to it, but in the evening wrote Smith a note saying he had declined giving battle, and would continue the retreat, which he did, while Smith was busy putting his men in line of battle, his men filled with enthusiasm at the prospect.
 Official Records, Serial 30, page 418, shows the organization the same on November 22nd, 1862 as at Chattanooga, in August, and that General Withers returned to the command of the division on November 10th; and pages 430-431 shows the commanding officers of the regiments on November 29th.
The brigade had at this time 1,835 for duty and 1,965 present, exclusive of artillery. Page 449 shows the promotion of Colonel Z. C. Deas to Brig. General, announced on December 14th, 1862, who had been recommended for promotion by General Bragg, on November 21st, page 508-509.