So many things were invented and innovated in the twentieth century. I include many samples of early silent films and acoustic music recordings. An acoustic recording is one without the use of electricity. The sound went through a horn and vibrated a needle that etched the sound waves onto a wax cylinder. The cylinder was made to revolve by a hand crank. The band stood in front of the large horn and played. To playback the recording, you cramked and heard the sound come out of a horn.

Early electric automobile- Modern transpotation

This was for rich people. The common folks could take the train. And the populations migrated to wherever there were railroad tracks.

Paris Exposition Universelle 8:04

L'invention du cinéma 1/4 1:01(narration française)

L’Exposition Universelle de Paris en 1889 a pour invité d’honneur Thomas Edison, l’homme de science de cette fin de siècle. Dépositaire de près d’un millier de brevets, il est à l’origine d’une invention révolutionnaire : le kinétoscope

Automobile Parade 1:55

Car Trial slideshow 5:17

Clement Panhard driving thorough Paris 1:01

Arabian Gun Twirler - Arabic Cylinder 3:11

Max Planck Formulates Quantum Theory

Wright Brothers begin experiments with gliding aircraft

Sigmund Freud Publishes The Interpretation of Dreams

George Eastman releases the first mass-marketed camera—the $1 Brownie.

April 30, 1900 Casey Jones died at the throttle of Engine No. 1

"Reports received to date indicate that Engineer Jones of the passenger train, who lost his life in the accident, was alone responsible for the accident as train No. 83 which was obstructing the main track at Vaughan sawing by train No. 26 was properly protected by flagman, who had gone back a distance of 3000 feet, where he had placed toropedos on the rail; then continued north a further distance of 500 to 800 feet, where he stood and gave signals to train No. l; which signals, however, were apparently not observed by Engineer Jones: nor is it believed he heard the explosion of the torpedoes as his train continued toward the station at a high rate of speed, notwithstanding the fact it was moving up a grade; collision occurring at a point 2l0 feet north of the north passing track switch. It is also stated that Engineer Jones of train No.l failed to sound the whistle for the station when passing the whistle board."

Jones entered the service of this company as fireman in March, l888, was promoted to position of engineer in February, l890, since which date his record has been as follows:

Engineer Jones was promoted to position of engineer in February, l900, and had a reasonably good record, not having been disciplined for the past three years. He had been assigned to passenger service between Memphis and Canton about 60 days before collision occurred and at the first opportunity thereafter Supt. King had talked to him about the importance of the trains to which he had been assigned, instructiong him to use good judgement, especially in stormy weather; to keep close lookout for signals at all times, particularly in approaching and passing through stations and yards; adding that the trains he would handle had been successfully handled by other engineers who were on the runs and that satisfactory time had been made. He particularly instructed Jones not to attempt to do any reckless running with the view of establishing a record of making fast time, or better time than the other men on the runs. Jones' work up to the time of the accident had been satisfactory."

Soon after Casey’s death it was first sung by a humble engine wiper and friend of Casey’s known as Wallace Saunders to the tune of a popular song of the time known as “Jimmie Jones.” Making up little songs and ballads about people appeared to have been his specialty. He was known to sing and whistle as he went about his work cleaning the huge steam engines, so naturally he would sing about his dead friend. In the words of Casey’s wife: "Wallace's admiration of Casey was little short of idolatry. He used to brag mightly about Mr. Jones even when Casey was only a freight engineer." But Saunders, being illiterate and only interested in using the song as a vehicle to express his grief and admiration for his friend, never had his original version copyrighted, and thus there is no way of knowing precisely what words he sang.

In 1900 an ice cream maker consisted of a pail of cream inside a bucket of ice with a hand cranked churn.

By 1900, the bicycle has been on the road and in development for 83 years. Bicycles are the most common means of transportation. Mass production of reasonably-priced bicycles allows working men to use them for transportation and leisure.

An international force of eight treaty powers–the United States, Japan, Germany, France, Italy, Russia, Britain, Austria-Hungary—marches into Beijing and ransacks the Forbidden City in reaction to the Chinese violence against foreigners in the Boxer Rebellion.

On September 8, 1900, a killer hurricane struck the Texas coastal city of Galveston. This hurricane would become the greatest natural disaster, by number of deaths, in United States history: 8,000 by accepted figures, perhaps as many as 12,000. Of that total, 6,000 perished in Galveston alone. The tragedy killed more Americans than any other natural disaster, indeed, more than the legendary Johnstown Flood, the San Francisco Earthquake, the 1938 New England Hurricane and the Great Chicago Fire combined.

L'homme Orchestre - Georges Méliès 1:16

Bullfighters and bull waiting for the next move - Picasso

Sears Roebuck 100th Anniversary catalog

Sears Roebuck peddled everything from kitchenware and tools to "Coca Wine"


January 1901 Theodore Roosevelt becomes President of the United States.

Picasso begins Blue Period The Old Guitarist

Women Boxing - Edison

The Mysterious Cafe - Edison

Aunt Sallie's Wonderful Bustle 0:52

Funeral of Queen Victoria 0:23

North Shields 2:03 ss

Belfast 2:19 ss several horsedrawn trams and buggies 10 bicycles how many pedestrians?

What Happened on Twenty-third Street 1:17


1902 Indian Head penny (front)

1902 Indian Head penny (back)

In the Good Old Summertime 1902 performed by Robert Price audio 1:37

Le Voyage Dans La Lune - Georges Méliès 8:23 (narration française)

Le Voyage Dans La Lune - Georges Méliès 11:49 (english narration)

In 1901, the education system of China was reformed to allow the admission of girls and the curriculum was changed from the study of the Classics and Confucian studies to the study of Western mathematics, science, engineering, and geography. The civil service examination was changed to reflect this new curriculum, and in 1905 it was abandoned altogether. The Chinese began to send its youth to Europe and to Japan to study the new sciences, such as economics, and radical new Western modes of thinking started making their way into China, such as Marxism.

"When we left Kitty Hawk at the end of 1901, we doubted that we would ever resume our experiments. Although we had broken the record for distance in gliding, and although Mr. Chanute, who was present at that time, assured us that our results were better than had ever before been attained, yet when we looked at the time and money which we had expended, and considered the progress made and the distance yet to go, we considered our experiments a failure. At this time I made the prediction that men would sometime fly, but that it would not be within our lifetime." - Wilbur Wright

1902 glider

"Quarry No. 1 contains (several bones) of a large Carnivorous Dinosaur... I have never seen anything like it..." - message from Barnum Brown while unearthing the first discovered Tyrannosaurus rex from the 65 million-year-old rocks of the Missouri Breaks in Montana.


June 17 Ford Motor Company founded

In 1903, 12-inch records (30.5cm) are introduced, with four to five minutes of music per side.

The British author George Orwell, pen name of Eric Arthur Blair, b. Motihari, India, June 25, 1903.

Jun 11 Eugene Sandow 0:27

The Wright Brothers built a larger version of their 1902 glider, and added propellors and power. On 14 December they tossed a coin to determine that Wilbur would be the pilot. A crew lugged the plane up a big hill and laid about 30 metres of monorail. The plane went too fast down the track, and Orville, running alongside to hold it steady, could not keep up. A wing hit the ground and the plane broke. However, the Wrights now knew that it would work.

In two days the plane had been repaired, and on 17th December 1903, the wind was right. It was Orville's turn to be pilot. They had realised it would be better to lay the track on flat ground, and Wilbur was able to remain running alongside keeping the right wing steady. The plane lifted off the monorail and flew for 12 seconds, travelling 120 feet (over 37 metres). It was the first controlled, sustained flight in a heavier-than-air craft.

The Great Train Robbery 10:23

Life of a Fireman 6:02

Comedy Cake Walk 0:30

As In a Looking Glass 1:03


Eugene Debs film 1:17

Chestnut tree blight begins in the Easter United States in 1904

Jan 16 Physical Culture Show at Madison Square Garden 2:13

Westinghouse Works 6:06

April 28 Welding the Big Ring at Westinghouse Works 5:00

May 13 Steam Hammer at Westinghouse Works 3:32

The History of the Standard Oil Company by journalist Ida Tarbell is published.

The Washington Post Feb 28, 1904 reads "For the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, to be held at St. Louis, Mo., from April 30 to December 1, 1904, several forms of excursion tickets to St. Louis will be placed on sale by the Pennsylvania Railroad on April 25."

Meet Me in St. Louis, Louis 1904 Performed by Robert Price Composed by Andrew Sterling & Kerry Mills audio 1:58

Ice Cream Cone was invented at the 1904 World's Fair?

On July 23, 1904, according to some accounts, Charles E. Menches conceived the idea of filling a pastry cone with two scoops of ice-cream and thereby invented the ice-cream cone. He is one of several claimants to that honor: Ernest Hamwi, Abe Doumar, Albert and Nick Kabbaz, Arnold Fornachou, and David Avayou all have been touted as the inventor(s) of the first edible cone. Interestingly, these individuals have in common the fact that they all made or sold confections at the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition, known as the St. Louis World's Fair. It is from the time of the Fair that the edible "cornucopia," a cone made from a rolled waffle, vaulted into popularity in the United States.

Elizabeth Magie patents The Landlord's Game, a precurser to the Monopoly board game. It is a realty and taxation game. Though many similar home-made games were played at the beginning of the 20th Century and some predate The Landlord's Game, it is the first of its kind to have an attested patent. Magie re-patented a revised edition of the game in 1924.

Magie based the game on the economic principles of Georgism, a system proposed by Henry George, with the object of demonstrating how rents enrich property owners and impoverish tenants. She knew that some people could find it hard to understand why this happened and what might be done about it, and she thought that if Georgist ideas were put into the concrete form of a game, they might be easier to demonstrate.

Picasso Rose Period Boy with a Pipe

In the Evening by the Moonlight - Edison Male Quartet acoustic recording

Yankee Doodle Boy 1904 performed by F.E. Lewis Composed by George M. Cohen audio 2:05

Yankee Doodle Boy 1904 Performed by Bill Murray audio 2:39 with higher fidelity

Cascades - Scott Joplin 1904 The early mass marketing of musical reproduction piano rolls marks the birth of modern commercial art? Scott Joplin's rags were written to be loosely improvised. Here is one rendition by the master himself in digital midi from a piano roll.


The special theory of relativity is proposed by Albert Einstein in his article "On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies".

Freud Publishes His Theory of Sexuality

I am the Edison Phonograph

Le Diable Noir - Georges Melies 3:52

The Burglar's Slide for Life 1/2 3:02

The Burglar's Slide for Life 2/2 2:37

Czar Nicholas II of Russia 0:17

my footnote: sales pitch is alluding to robotics, the idea that people could relate to machines and machines could personally relate to humans

In My Merry Oldsmobile 1905 composed by Vincent Bryan & Gus Edwards audio 2:51

1905 Renault



1906: The San Francisco Earthquake

The Story of the Kelly Gang (Australia) is the world's first feature film. Originally there were no inter-titles; narration was performed by an on-stage lecturer who also provided sound effects including gunfire and hoofbeats.

Nobody - Bert Williams cylinder recording 2:07

You're a Grand Old Flag 1906 performed by American Quartet composed by George M. Cohen audio 2:36

You're a Grand Old Flag 1906 performed by Bill Murray audio 2:52

Maple Leaf Rag - United States Marine Band

Matisse finishes painting Woman in a Hat


Nowadays, U.S. currency always has a president in the center - Washington, Lincoln, Hamilton, Grant... 

The $5 bill issued in 1907
featured the woodchopper and his family on the homestea and President Harrison is on the left side.

Harrigan 1907 composed by George M. Cohen performed by Edward Meeker audio 2:11

School Days 1907 Performed by Byron Harlan composed by Will D. Cobb & Gus Edwards audio 2:56

Gene Autrey comes out of the "wild and wooly West", born in Tioga, Texas on September 29, 1907

Dec. 3, 1907 Theodore Roosevelt's Seventh Annual Message to Congress on The Conservation of Natural Resources

The Eclipse - George Melies 9:09

1907: Painting: "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" by Pablo Picasso Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

Emanuel (Dr. Bronner) Heilronner is born in Germany to the Heilbronner family of soapmakers. (ref 1929)

The Model T sold for $850, which could be purchased using nine $100 National Bank Notes or 41 one ounce gold coins. Click here to see the Naked Ford chassis

46 stars

On July 4th, 1908, the U.S. flag grew to 46 stars with the addition to the Union of Oklahoma

Autumn of 1908 - Wright Brothers give public demonstation in France

September 17, 1908 Orville Wright invents the Plane Crash. US Army Lt. Thomas Selfridge became the first person killed in a powered fixed-wing aircraft when his aircraft, piloted by Orville Wright, crashed after propeller separation failure during military tests at Fort Myer in Virginia. Selfridge died of a fractured skull. Wright suffered broken ribs, pelvis and a leg

Electricity and Progress - audio 2:12 Thomas A. Edison,
Recorded for the opening of the New York Electrical Show, October 3, 1908.

Text of Electricity and Progress - Edison

"Ladies and gentlemen,

Those of us who began our love labors at the operator's key 50 years ago have been permitted to see and assist in the whole modern industrial development of electricity. Since the remarkable experiments of Morse in 1844 and the unsuccessful efforts of Field in 1858 that have come with incredible rapidity – one electrical arc after another. So that in practically every respect civilization has been revolutionized.

It is still too early to stand outside these events and pronounce final judgement on their lasting value.

But we may surely entertain the belief that the last half of the 19th century was a distinct and distinct in its electrical inventions and the results of the first half was in relation to steam.

The lessons of the Jubilee of the Atlantic Cable of 1858 is one of encouragement to all who would act to the resources of our race and extend our control over the forces of Nature. Never was failure more complete, never was higher courage shown, never was triumph more brilliant than that which set 1866 has kept the old world moored alongside the new by cables of steel and copper, the family ties of the civilized world.

When I look around at the resources of the electrical field today I feel that I would be glad to begin again my work as an electrician and inventor and we veterans get only older than our successors, the younger followers of Franklin and of Tolbin to realize the measure of their opportunities and to rise to the heights of their responsibilities in this day of electricity."

Picasso continued experimenting with Cubism Portrait of Wilhelm Uhde.

Shine On Harvest Moon 1908 pianio roll audio 1:13

Take Me Out to the Ball Game 1908 performed by Edward Meeker audio 2:03

Lanky Yankee Boys in Blue 1908 performed by Bill Murray audio 2:31

Emile Cohl - Fantasmagorie 1908


1909 Edison recording of Sousa' Band performing Stars and Stripes Forever by John Philip Sousa

Jack Johnson vs. Stanley Ketchel - Oct 16 1909

Le Ratelier - Emile Cohl 8:06